At the initiative of President Dmitry Medvedev in Russia started another anti-alcohol campaign. The reasons for this decision were very serious. Today, the Russians have about 15 liters of pure alcohol year. And experts believe that this figure should be multiplied by 1.5 — 2 due to the proliferation of illegal alcohol.
According to statistics of Epidemiology, in Russia more than two million patients with alcoholism. Every year from diseases caused by become alcohol, 75,000 people die. Chronic alcohol intoxication reduces life by an average of 17 years. In addition, almost 100% of hooliganism and three-quarters of criminal offenses were committed while intoxicated.
In order to combat alcoholism, it was decided to use an integrated approach: higher prices, reduced hours of sale of alcoholic beverages and restriction advertising of spirits. Many Russians were unhappy with this set of measures. However, such restrictions did not appear for the first time in Russia, and has already been successfully used in many European countries.
Treatment of Alcoholism
The conclusion of the binge
Psychiatrist at home
Blockade of alcohol dependence
Detoxification and Coding
In France, at the beginning of the XIX century alcohol consumption per capita was 20 liters of pure alcohol year. By 1960, the year the French began to drink 24.6 liters of alcohol. Soon, French President Charles de Gaulle began actively fighting for the health of the nation by developing several anti-alcohol laws. Prior to 1992, inclusive prices for alcoholic beverages and tobacco products increased steadily. In 1991 he was accepted law Louis Evin "On Restriction of alcohol advertising," which prohibits any advertising of alcoholic beverages on television channels, as well as alcohol company sponsorship of television projects. These rather strict measures have led to the fact that alcohol consumption in France fell by 38%, and in 2001 was 15 liters per person. Now France is preparing a bill to ban the sale of alcoholic beverages at the gas station.
In the UK, the only way to regulate the alcohol market is the licensing. Prime Minister of the country in March 2009 rejected the idea of setting high retail prices of alcoholic beverages. Also, the bill was rejected on the reduction of the allowable amount of alcohol in the blood of drivers from 80 to 50 milligrams. To date, about 10 million people in the UK to abuse alcohol. From diseases associated with alcohol use kills more than 40,000 people. Britain is the leader among the European countries in drunkenness among adolescents, particularly among girls.
In Scandinavian countries, the monopoly on the trade in alcoholic beverages owned by the state — alcohol can only be bought in retail stores state. In Sweden, a strong alcohol and beer can only be purchased in multiples of Systembolaget, which only work from 10:00 to 18:00 on weekdays and 10:00 to 15:00 on Saturdays. Norway has a monopoly on the sale of alcohol is owned chain stores Vinmonopolet, Finland — Alko, Iceland — Vinbud.
Finland has also acted in strict restrictions on the sale of alcoholic beverages, however, 1 March 2004, many of them were dropped because of dissatisfaction with the public. In particular Alko shops have started to work on Saturday, the price of spirits have been reduced by 30%. As a result, the Finns began to drink about 35% more distilled spirits, mortality increased significantly, the number of crimes committed under the influence of alcohol.
The experience of introducing a "dry law" is in Iceland. It was introduced in 1912 and operated until 1923, when it was canceled under pressure from Spain, who wanted to bring the Iceland market their wines, and threatened to stop buying seafood from Iceland. Extremely positive "prohibition" has acted on the population of the United States from 1920 to 1923, while the Mafia is not established illicit supplies from abroad.
Today the "dry law" operates in India in the states of Bombay and Mandras. A total ban on the production, sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages introduced in Obedinennyh Arab Emirates, Iran and Egypt. For violating the ban UAE residents waiting forty lashes foreigners — a fine of 750 pounds. For drinking alcohol in public places tourists waiting for a prison for 2.5 years.
If you have any questions or problems related to alcohol use, you can also consult the clinic "Alkomed" by calling (495) 925-05-64.