Russian Navy’s submarine fleet in the XXI century — combat modular platform

The Navy now says that the term "submarine" sixth generation may go down in history. Instead, provides for the establishment and serial production of a new generation of submarines on the basis of standardized underwater platforms.

Submarine "Yury Dolgoruky"

RIA Novosti, Sergei Safronov.Over the next 15-20 years base of submarine forces of the Navy Russia will make submarines of the fourth generation of the classes "Northwind", "Ash" and "Harmony" the development of two leading Russian design bureaus "Ruby" and "Malachite".

After 2030 we can go about creating the fifth generation of submarines and associated weapons to them on the basis of ballistic missile "Bulava" and cruise — such as "Calibre".

In the long term, that is, the period up to 2050, which provides for the construction of multi-purpose modular platform for submarines and surface ships.

 

Availability: "Three + …"

Today the basis of naval strategic nuclear forces of Russia are third-generation submarine project 667 "Dolphin" and "Squid" (NATO Delta-IV and III). Six "Dolphins" are deployed in the Northern Fleet and the four "Squid" — in the Pacific Fleet.

Meanwhile, head of the fourth generation of boats have already started to enter the fleet. So, in January 2013 to combat the fleet entered the strategic nuclear submarine (NPS) of the fourth-generation "Yury Dolgoruky" (Project 955, a class of "Northwind"). In the same year should be put into service a sister "Alexander Nevsky" in 2014 — "Vladimir Monomakh".

Submarine "Yury Dolgoruky"

RIA Novosti, Sergei Safronov.Over the next 15-20 years base of submarine forces of the Navy Russia will make submarines of the fourth generation of the classes "Northwind", "Ash" and "Harmony" the development of two leading Russian design bureaus "Ruby" and "Malachite".

After 2030 we can go about creating the fifth generation of submarines and associated weapons to them on the basis of ballistic missile "Bulava" and cruise — such as "Calibre".

In the long term, that is, the period up to 2050, which provides for the construction of multi-purpose modular platform for submarines and surface ships.

 

Availability: "Three + …"

Today the basis of naval strategic nuclear forces of Russia are third-generation submarine project 667 "Dolphin" and "Squid" (NATO Delta-IV and III). Six "Dolphins" are deployed in the Northern Fleet and the four "Squid" — in the Pacific Fleet.

Meanwhile, head of the fourth generation of boats have already started to enter the fleet. So, in January 2013 to combat the fleet entered the strategic nuclear submarine (NPS) of the fourth-generation "Yury Dolgoruky" (Project 955, a class of "Northwind"). In the same year should be put into service a sister "Alexander Nevsky" in 2014 — "Vladimir Monomakh".

© RIA Novosti

Nuclear submarine 667BDRM "Dolphin"

Multipurpose nuclear submarines of projects (945, 949, 971, etc.) will be replaced by one — 885 "Ash." The head boat "Severodvinsk" will be put into service as this year.

In place of the diesel submarines of projects 877 and 636 should come diesel-electric Project 677 "Lada". In 2010, the Navy took a boat head of the project "St. Petersburg" in trial operation, but the boat is still being tested. The following submarines of "Harmony" will be equipped with an anaerobic air-independent propulsion system.

© Photo: CDB provided "Ruby"

Boat Project "Harmony"

"….. Plus two"

Development of new projects in the Russian submarines are now engaged in two design bureaus — "Ruby" and "Malachite".

Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering (CDB ME) "Ruby", which is now headed by Igor Villeneuve, now accompanied by two projects — 955 "Borey" (Chief Designer Sergei Sukhanov) and 677 "Lada" (chief designer Yuri Kormilitsin).

It is on the "Ruby" will form the entire burden of responsibility for the creation of strategic submarines of the fifth generation after 2020.

© Photo: Courtesy of the press service of "Sevmash"

"Yury Dolgoruky" — submarine project "Borey"

St. Petersburg Marine Engineering Bureau "Malachite" under the leadership of General Director Vladimir Dorofeeva develops multipurpose nuclear submarines of Project 885 "Yasen" (chief designer Vladimir Pyalov).

In Russia, there is one design office, "Lapis", which in Soviet times was engaged in the development of submarines, but now it specializes in civil products, including tourist submarines.

Exports

Russia today has exported only diesel and diesel-electric submarines of Project 636 third-generation and fourth-generation projects "Amur-950" and "Amur-1650" (export analogues Project 677 "Lada" different displacement). Among the countries that buy today Russian submarines of this class — Vietnam, Algeria, India (tender), China (negotiation).

In addition, Russia together with Italy is drafting submarine S-1000 exclusively for export. While negotiations are under way with potential customers about the possibility of buying these subs.

A separate item in this issue is the cooperation with India, which in 2012 was transferred to the lease for 10 years for $ 930 million submarine "Nerpa" (Project 971, code "Pike-B," the Indian name "Chakra"). Delhi today expressed interest in the completion of another building submarines of this class in the Amur shipyard for onward transmission to the National Navy under the same conditions.

© Photo: Ajai Shukla

The K-152 "Nerpa"

Near-term outlook

According to RIA Novosti Russian Navy Commander Admiral Viktor Chirkov, special attention should be paid to maintaining a high level of combat capability of naval strategic nuclear forces. "Their construction and development to continue in the two groups of nuclear strategic submarine cruisers — the Northern and Pacific fleets," — said Teals.

In other words, the strategic nuclear submarine will continue to be based only on two ocean-going fleets — the Northern and Pacific.

Of the 24 submarines, which Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to join the battle fleet until 2020, eight — Strategic Project 955 ("Northwind", three units), and the upgraded 955A ("Borey-A", five units).

In addition, the Navy will receive eight multi-purpose submarine project 885 "Yasen". Head boat project "Severodvinsk" will be put into service in 2013, the first production "Kazan" — in 2015.

Another eight submarines will be assigned to Class diesel. Most likely, it will be the submarine project 677 "Lada" and 636 "Varshavyanka."

Continued construction of the submarines of Project 636 third-generation (Advanced Project 877 "halibut") is due to problems identified during the testing head boat "St. Petersburg." Despite the fact that the boat was admitted to the trial operation of the Navy, though her tests are still going on, and in the spring of this year, "St. Petersburg" will go on deep-water test to the Northern Fleet.

© Photo: CDB provided "Ruby"

Submarine Project 636

The following boats of this project, "Kronstadt" and "Sevastopol", the construction of which up to 2013 was "frozen", will be completed. Moreover, it is planned that "Sevastopol" will be completed with an anaerobic air-independent propulsion system (VNEU). This is expected to happen in 2015.

Average Perspective

According to the Commander in Chief of the Russian Navy, during the years 2021-2030 will continue the planned replacement of strategic nuclear submarines, have served on time service on the boats of the fourth generation.

"At the same time you want to deploy the work on the creation of long-term naval strategic missile systems and submarines of the fifth generation. Serial building these submarines will unfold after 2030," — said Teals.

However, we can already conclude, what are the main requirements will apply to the construction of a new generation of boats: the increase in secrecy, a significant increase in travel speed at maximum quietness, improved communication and control equipment robots that prevent a direct confrontation with the enemy ships, as well as increasing the depth of the dive.

Russia's submarine fleet middle of the XXI century

Despite the fact that only the chief designers of the head profile CDB Marine Engineering "Rubin" and "Malachite" may now know the approximate characteristics of the fifth-generation submarines, and experts can only dream to know about this, though the Navy now says that the term "subs" sixth generation can go down in history.

"In the third phase, covering the period from 2031 to 2050, provides for the establishment of head and serial production of a new generation of submarines on the basis of standardized underwater platforms," — said Teals.

The term uniform must probably realize that it will be multi-purpose combat platforms modular, multi-purpose boat when going to turn into a strategic and vice versa. To do this, it will be necessary only to put the appropriate module, the missile or other weapons with the appropriate characteristics.

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