Although older people are more likely than younger people complain of sleep disorders, studies have shown that sleep time does not increase with age, and total sleep time decreases very slightly, if at all diminished. Insomnia is most often occurs in older people who go to bed early, and, in addition, often sleep during the day. Thus, the experts concluded that the need to give up a nap instead caused them to treat nocturnal insomnia.
At the same time, excessive or erroneous assignment of sleeping pills leads to the fact that about half a million people are taking "sleeping pills" every day for at least a month, putting their health at risk without any reason.
Another danger — is too high dosage. The study dose of sleeping pills showed that the majority (almost 80%) of people age 65 and older are taking an increased dose of flurazepam (30 mg), although for the elderly is recommended dose of 15 mg. Commenting on the specific use of hypnotics in older people, scientists point out: "Of particular concern is the regular and long reception This group of drugs that has itself is of questionable efficacy and therapeutic results in a high risk of adverse effects from sleeping. "
Remember, hypnotics should be used only in a limited number of cases, an increasing frequency of prescriptions of these drugs for older people, especially at the long periods of time, represents a serious threat to their health.
The most common side effects when taking sleeping pills include:
development of amnesia,
increased risk avtoproisshestvy,
deterioration of motor coordination and learning ability,
and even death.
This is especially likely when taking these drugs together with alcohol or other drugs depressing the central nervous system.
The consequences of these studies show that does not depend on age. However, elderly organism can not produce such products as quickly as the young. The elderly are also more susceptible to side effects of medicines. However, despite the evidence of this fact, people sleeping in the elderly are assigned more often than men and middle adolescence. Moreover, they are usually prepared standard and not smaller dose, which greatly increases the risk of side effects. And they take these drugs for much longer periods of time. Consequently, it is difficult to name a surprise the fact that older people are more at risk for adverse effects, and the severity of these effects more.
One of the most serious impediments to identify and overcome these problems is the fact that bind them, mainly to the aging process, and not with taking drugs. The deterioration processes of thinking, amnesia or loss of coordination in young people while taking the drug is perceived as an alarm. If the same symptoms occur in the elderly, especially if they develop rather slowly, the reaction of the doctor often comes down to the remark: "Well, he (she) is old, what did you expect? '. And recommends to continue the course previously assigned medication that gradually affects the frail elderly, exacerbating all the negative side-effects of sleeping pills themselves.
The second most important and serious concern with benzodiazepines is respiratory depression. Older people often have sleep apnea, when after falling asleep breathing temporarily stops. And if these people take sleeping pills, then the delay of breathing during sleep becomes less controlled and more prolonged. And the probability of death is increasing, eventually several times.
Another risk associated with the respiratory system — a lung disease. People with these diseases should not use benzodiazepines. These drugs inhibit the respiratory center, which in lung diseases can be life-threatening. Avoid taking sleeping pills and tranquilizers especially recommended asthmatics.