Analytical magazine "Russian businessman", Moscow, n1-2 (19), February 2004
By Vadim Koval
It's no secret that natural processes have long been used for military purposes. Today, however, the world has come to the brink of a particularly dangerous and should face the fact the appearance of environmental weapons
During the First World War, on the Austro-Italian front in the Alps due to heavy shelling hit the avalanche, which only two days on 12-13 December 1916 at the Austrians claimed 6,000 lives.
In April 1938, the Chinese, seeking to disrupt the Japanese offensive, Huanhou blew up a dam on the Yellow River. The floods led to the flooding of 11 cities and four thousand villages, hundreds of people have drowned, but so were created obstacles for the movement of Japanese troops on the territory of several million hectares.
Doctor of Military Sciences colonel Vladimir Dumenko, author of over 140 scientific papers, many years studied the effects of the use of modern weapons for the environment, suggests that the threat to human existence comes not only from a possible outbreak of war involving nuclear weapons. No less could be disastrous results of using the most common types of weapons. In this regard, today becomes a reality is such a thing as an ecological war, implying a deliberate impact on the natural environment in order to create conditions unfavorable to human life — the destruction of habitat, the enemy troops, weapons and equipment, undermining economic potential, psychological, and political pressure like.
— The first targeted basic research on the subject began in the United States immediately after World War II, — says Vladimir. — One of the first projects was a plan to artificial excitation of the earthquake in the Sea of Japan, providing for the destruction of the main industrial centers on the Pacific coast of Japan by detonating nuclear warheads along the tectonic shifts.
Attempts comprehensive and systematic use of technology and chemicals to changes in natural conditions and the impact on atmospheric processes United States has taken in Indochina in the combat zone. There have been tried such methods of environmental war, as an artificial creation of heavy rainfall by promoting processes in cloud systems, the destruction of dams to flood low-lying areas, and conducted other experiments to climate change in the region.
The program is only one influence on clouds during the war in Indochina was carried out for 7 years and has cost Americans at 21.6 billion dollars: there were more than 2,600 sorties in order to cause rain. As a result, the total rainfall in the region compared to the long-term average levels increased by about 80 percent. This operation was carried out for the difficulty of movement of enemy troops and was a great success.
Since mid-1971 the United States began to apply the so-called "mowing daisies" — super-big-caliber bombs designed to clear helicopter landing pads. Bombs had increased the power of the blast: tearing a meter above the surface, they did not create craters, but the vegetation is literally erased from the face of the earth within a radius of 60-70 meters. The consequences of such explosions are a serious hazard to the environment: soil erosion, landslides and floods increased leaching of nutrients from the ground layer and its depletion, radical change of habitat over large areas.
In Vietnam, during Operation "Rani hand", which resulted in the massive use of herbicides and defoliants was undermined the whole system of life support in the region. From 1961 to 1977 he was on the ground DRV were dropped of at least 90,000 tons of herbicides and 8,000 tons of chemical agents, which led to the destruction of more than 25,000 square kilometers of forest. American experts have estimated that the restoration of the forest, if it be possible, in principle, take a century.