Long years after the end of the second World War, the Soviet government hushed up of Allied Victory Parade, which was held September 7, 1945, in Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate immediately after the surrender of Germany's ally — the Land of the Rising Sun. Not many people know, but in the control of the Union of Russian were on a fairly significant arguments. The main reason is the worldview of Stalin that the Allies had belittled the importance and significance of the victory parade. The fate of the participants of the parade was quite the reverse — General Eisenhower soon became president of the United States, as Marshall USSR Zhukov fell out of favor with Stalin and his fate came one of the darkest bands, when all his honors in the victory over Nazi Germany was only the sound management of the Union and the Russian people only went to adore and respect the people's general.
After the world-famous Victory Parade in Moscow held June 24, 1945, Marshal Zhukov, the Soviet Union Jora as Group Chief Russian troops on the ground in Germany, offered all occupying garrison commander of allied forces in Berlin to mark the end of the second world war cooperative parade. The idea was approved and supported, but its implementation postponed until the end of hostilities, which had passed in the Pacific.
According to the preparatory arrangements to take the parade were commanders of the allied forces of the Union of Russian, U.S., France and England. But almost at the last minute diplomatic representatives allies have informed the Kremlin that commanders United States, Britain and France, according to some judgments will not be able to take part in the parade, it was also indicated that instead of them captured in Berlin will arrive fighting generals. The private memoirs of the time Zhukov wrote: "I almost immediately called Stalin. Intently listening to my report on the report from the Allied camp, he said: "They are, of course, want to downplay the significance and importance of the Victory Parade in defeated Berlin … Take the parade you are, the more that the rights to it, we have more than they. "
As a result, parade perceived the Russian Marshal Zhukov Union Jora, and commanded them Neyrs General of the Army of England. Circling troops, built in a noble guard at Alexanderplatz absolutely ready for a celebratory march, Marshal Zhukov, the British Field Marshal Montgomery, General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower and the French Army General de Lattre de Tassigny alternately Congratulations on winning fighter.
In the festive march of troops took part five thousand four representatives of the coalition. Grand march led mixed regiment 248th Infantry Division of the USSR army, stormed Berlin. Next was consolidated Regiment of the 2nd Infantry Division of the Army of France. Next followed the 131st Infantry Regiment of the Army Brigade England. He graduated from the parade combined regiment of the American army. Directions armored vehicles began 30 armored vehicles and 24 tanks of the 7th Armored Division Army of England. Next — a French colony 1st Armored Division, which consists of 6 medium tanks, 24 armored personnel carriers. Following the South American convoy 16 armored vehicles and 32 tanks of the 16th Cavalry mechanized group. 52 completed the parade of the JS-3 from the 2nd Guards Tank Army of the Soviet Union.
The preparation and conduct of the Victory Parade of allied forces was also the beginning of the friendship between Zhukov and Eisenhower. Even in the last days of May 1945 Eisenhower awarded the Order of Zhukov's "Legion of Honor" has a degree in chief. In character recognition awards South American General Zhukov June 10 came to bid and awarded the U.S. Army Eisenhower Russian Order "Victory", also officially invited him to a victory parade in the capital, Moscow, USSR. The Yankees come, unfortunately, failed, he was urgently summoned to the white-washed house where refined future plans of fighting against the land of the rising sun. But in Moscow, Eisenhower still visited — in August 1945, when he received a personal invitation from Stalin himself. At all times stay in the USSR was the guest of the South American General Commander of the Group of Russian occupation troops ZHoru Zhukov.
Eisenhower's visit was surrounded by unparalleled attention. Following the holding of sports prazdnichka August 12, 1945, Joseph Stalin, Eisenhower invited to stand next to him and other members of the Soviet government on the mausoleum. Earlier, a similar honor did not receive any foreigner. Eisenhower was even allowed to carry on the government's platform has 2-representatives of the United States. They were the head of the U.S. military mission in Moscow and South American salting.
In an interview, in which participated, and Zhukov, Stalin once again that for the Russian Union and the United States maintain friendly relations fundamentally. Interested in scientific advances, industrial and agricultural successes of America: "We know now that we are lagging behind in these matters, and are aware that you will be able to assist us to some extent." For these topics, as mindful Eisenhower, Stalin vorachivalsya in the rest of their conversation, standing on the podium of the Mausoleum.
During this visit, Zhukov personally looked to it that Eisenhower was able to behold whatever they want, no matter in which corner of Moscow and the Russian Federation, it is: "Choose, we are ready to show you all, if you like, even visit Vladivostok" . Eisenhower made a sightseeing trip to the museums of the Kremlin, went down to the metropolitan subway, visited an aircraft factory, which let stormtroopers. A few hours spent on the farm. Together with the 80 tyschami fans was at a football championship game. The apotheosis of the visit was a lunch given in the Kremlin. As Eisenhower himself later recalled: "At the tremendous and the lights of the hall there were marshals of the Red Army and the Soviet Foreign Ministry officials, acted as a translator. During the lunch was pronounced a huge number of toasts to the spirit of teamwork and cooperation, formed in the process of winning the war. " Eisenhower asked Stalin to give him a personal photo and a copy of the documentary film about the capture of Berlin, which was shown during the gala dinner in the Kremlin.
November 7 at the official reception on the occasion of the anniversary of the October Revolution, a role in which perceived and General Eisenhower, Zhukov has once again confirmed the importance of maintaining the union between with 2 people and the armed forces. From the memoirs of Dwight Eisenhower's conversation with Zhoroj Zhukov at this reception, "Marshall stressed that in the liberated Berlin, we both have gained a certain progress in the resolution of complex problems, despite the obvious difference in political views. And with all this said that if the United States and the Soviet Union will stand together, pushing aside the difficulties in understanding success of the UN will be provided. "
With all this Russian Marshal, as written by historians, was firm in identifying and pursuing the control zone of Russian interests. When the U.S. Air Force military pilots tried to achieve the right to fly over the territory and the occupied zone under the control of Russian troops, Zhukov said that there was an agreement that he violate anybody and when it is not allowed. And in bids on flights over designated territory was sta
mped, which laconically, but surely all defined: "Safety is not guaranteed!."
In the Archives of the Russian President in the section related to the years of government Stalin kept a letter dated November 1945. Eisenhower and Zhukov wrote:
Of course, you realize that a sudden illness is not allowed me to come to Europe at the end of October. My main desire was the intention of encounter with you personally, and to this there are several significant circumstances. In 1-x, the aim is to reassure you that appreciate the frank friendliness to me personally and our cooperation at the business level, which lasted over the past months. In-2, I personally wish to say goodbye to co-workers, with whom I have met before.
Once again, I express the hope that you can pay a visit to our country in the spring of next year. I sincerely believe that the establishment of this type of contact between the South American and Russian people — and the civilians and the military will do almost anything for the development of mutual understanding and trust between our nations so different.
As for now, all that has passed since we met, I deeply and deeply imbued with reverence for the Red Army, with its majestic favorites, to all the people of the USSR.
I ask you, in this case, if you feel and think that I could have done anything to you personally, and perhaps to strengthen friendly relations, which are so important and necessary for the world, I Respond to your suggestions and will do everything that is in my power and abilities.
Dwight D. Eisenhower. "
At the designated letter no resolutions. But aware of the fact that the one to whom it was addressed as a letter and read it. The letter was handed over to Stalin personally.
There is speculation that the letter had been intercepted by a special department in the Group of Soviet troops in Germany and immediately transferred to the management team at the time of counterintelligence ABAKUMOV. Before him stood a task strictly monitor all activities ZHoru Zhukov. Abakoumov dread of Zhukov and hated, of course, delivered a letter to Stalin. At that time, the case between the United States and the Soviet Union from Allied uniformly transformed into confrontational. This letter was the reason for the charges of unauthorized Zhukov, on a personal level relations with the General of the Army of the opposing countries and caused tremendous dissatisfaction with Stalin.
It is not clear whether the letter was the deciding factor, but soon Zhukov was removed from his post. We must admit that the threshold of this "penalty" was disassembled upon Tipo exported from Germany, Russian Marshal trophy property. Intercepted a private letter of South American general could be the last straw that overflowed the cup compromising collected over the years to combat officer and the famous marshal his enemies. In general, we can now be proud of that assessment, which in his own message, Eisenhower gave our army and our people.
After 10 years, the two heroes second world again met in person. This event happened during the Geneva Conference with the role of the Heads of Government of the Union of Russian, U.S., UK and France in 1955. Jora Zhukov at the time was the Minister of Defense of the USSR, and Dwight D. Eisenhower — U.S. President. After meeting, they remembered the past, talked about working together in the Control Council in occupied Germany. Nikita Khrushchev did not like the resumption of close personal contacts between the U.S. president and the Russian minister. Catchy, but after the negotiations in Switzerland Zhukov was removed from his post and the highest seconded to command a secondary military district.
Passed into history and not found a continuing friendship Zhukov and Eisenhower. Do not accomplished and friendship between the USSR and the United States after the common victory won by a terrible and bloody war with the "brown plague" of the twentieth century. In fact, it was the first and only chance when two people with different political views and different attitudes to public life could become friends. One can only imagine how it would change the world!