Sea ice in the Arctic reached a seasonal peak in the 15.24 million square kilometers of March 18, nearly two weeks later than the average in the history of satellite observations, according to the National Information Center for Snow and Ice (NSIDC) USA.
According to experts NSIDC, maximum ice area in 2012, completes nine lowest values ever recorded in the region. He was at 614,000 square miles less than the average for 1979-2000 was fixed at 12 days later. The minimum value in the history of scientists have recorded in 2011, when the melt season started with a mark of 14.64 million square kilometers.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in late March released its annual report, according to which the average temperature in the Arctic last year reached the highest value ever recorded. In addition, the total volume of Arctic sea ice in the summer of 2011 fell to a record low — 4.2 thousand cubic kilometers of ice on the area and this year only 160,000 square kilometers behind the minimum in 2007.