The norms of sleep, from one to two years

The norms of sleep, from one to two years.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

From 12 to 18 months

Typical sleep at this age 

Your child is already quite large. But he was also, as before, need a lot of sleep. Up to two years old baby to sleep 13-14 hours a day, including 11 hours at night. The rest will go into naps. At 12 months, he will still need a two-day-dreams, but by 18 months he was ready to one (or two half-hour) daytime sleep. This mode is to mohranitsyafour or five years.

The transition from two-day-dreams-to-one can be difficult. Experts recommend two days with daytime dreams alternated with days to one day stay, depending on how many baby slept the night before. If the child slept during the day once, it is best to lay early in the evening.

How to inculcate habits of healthy sleep?

At this age, there is almost nothing new that would help your kid to be a good Sonya. Follow the previously studied strategies.

Observe the constant discharge of ritual to sleep

Proper discharge of ritual to sleep will help your child to gradually settle down at the end of the day and get ready for bed.

If a child needs a splash of excess energy, let him run around a bit before moving on to more peaceful pursuits (like a quiet game, baths or fairy tales at bedtime). Follow the same pattern every night — even when you're away from home. Kids love when everything clearly. Ability to predict when it will happen or that event, it helps to control the situation.

Make sure your child has a constant mode of the day and night sleep

Sleeping child will become more regular if you try to respect the time. If he sleeps during the day, eating, playing, going to bed every day at the same time, the more likely it will be easy to fall asleep at night.

Let the baby sleep alone

Do not forget how important it is for your child — to be able to sleep alone every night. Sleep does not have to depend on motion sickness, nursing or lullaby. If such a relationship exists, the child, waking up at night, can not fall asleep on their own and will call you. What if it happens — you decide.

What difficulties might arise?

At this age, a child may have difficulty falling asleep, and it can often wake up at night. The cause of both problems — new milestone in the development of the child, especially standing and walking. Your baby is so delighted his new skills, he wants to continue to deal with them, even if you say it now while you sleep.

If the child resists and does not want to go to bed, most experts advise to leave him in his room for a few minutes to check whether he will calm down. If the child does not calm down, you can "give a child vykrichatsya."

You also have to decide what to do if the baby wakes up at night, it can not rest on their own and calling you. Try to stop by and see if it's worth, you have to help him to lie down. But if the child wants you to stay and play with him, do not give up. He needs to understand that night — to sleep.

From 18 to 24 months

Typical sleep at this age 

Now your little one to sleep around 10-12 hours a night, plus a two-hour siesta. Some children can not do without the two shorter day dreams of up to two years. If your child — one of them, do not fight it.

How to inculcate habits of healthy sleep?

Help your child break the bad habits associated with sleep

Your child should be able to fall asleep independently, without sickness, nursing or other "put to sleep" means. If his sleep depends on any of these external factors, the night he could not sleep myself, if awake, and you will not be there.

Experts say: "Imagine that you are falling asleep, lying on a bed, then wake up in the middle of the night and find that there is no cushion. Chances are you'll be concerned about her absence and begin to look for it, thus finally waking up from a dream. Similarly, if child goes to sleep every night listening to the specific CD-ROM, then when he wakes up at night and hear the music, he will wonder "what happened?". Puzzled child is unlikely to be able to fall asleep easily. To prevent this, try to put him to bed, when he drowsy but still awake, so that he could go to sleep by himself.

Give your child an acceptable choice before bedtime

These days, your baby begins to test the limits of its newly discovered independence, wanting to assert control over the world around them. To reduce opposition before going to sleep, let your child make choices whenever possible during his evening ritual — what a story he wanted to hear what he would like his pajamas to wear.

Always offer only two or three alternatives and make sure you are comfortable with either choice. For example, do not ask: "Do you want to go to bed now?" Of course, the child answered, "No", but it is an unacceptable answer. Instead, try asking, "You want to go to bed now or in five minutes?". The child glad that he can choose, and you win no matter what choice he makes.

What difficulties might arise?

Two of the most common sleep problems in children of all ages — difficulty falling asleep and frequent night waking.

In this age group has its own peculiarity. Go tosometime between 18 and 24 months, many children begin to climb out of his crib, potentially exposing themselves to danger (falling out of the crib can be quite painful). Unfortunately, the fact that your kid can get out of his bed, does not mean that he is ready for the big bed. Try to protect him from danger by using the following tips.

  • Lower the mattress. Or make a crib wall higher. If it is possible, of course. However, when the child is older, it may not work.
  • Free cot. Your child can use the toys and extra pillows as the stand to help him get out.
  • Do not encourage your child attempts to climb out of bed. If a child gets out of bed, not to admire, do not swear and do not let him lie down on your bed. Stay calm and neutral, firmly tell them to do so and do not need to put the baby back in his crib. He learns this rule pretty quickly.
  • Use the canopy for the crib. These products are fixed to the rail beds and ensure the safety of the baby.
  • Keep track of the child.Stand in a place where you can see the baby in the crib, and he can not see you. If he tries to get out, immediately tell him not to. Once you make a remark several times, he is likely to become more obedient.
  • Make the environment safe. If you can not prevent your child to get out of bed, you can at least make sure he stays safe. Soft pillows on the floor around his crib and nearby drawers, bedside cabinets and other objects on which he could hit. If he is not willing to stand up and stop getting out of bed, you can lower the crib railing and post a chair nearby. At least then you will not worry that it will fall and cause injury to themselves.

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