October 3, 2011 23:23
In Peru, archaeologists have discovered a solar observatory, which are more than two thousand years. According to scientists, this is the oldest observatory in North, Central and South America and one of the oldest in the world. Construction of the observatory says that in 500 BC — 300 AD there to carry out complex ceremonial rituals dedicated to the cult of the Sun.
Scientists from the Institute of National Culture in Lima (Peru) said that there are historical records which indicate that around solar observatory found previously been called "sun pillars" that were built about 1.5 thousand years ago. With the Incas made their religious rituals, and expected time of planting crops.
According to Ivan Chazz, from the Institute of National Culture, and Clive Raggelsa, a professor at the University of Leicester, found ancient structures may indicate that early civilizations of South America continually monitors the position of the sun and on the basis of observations performed ceremonies began cropping season and were calendars.
Recall that the oldest scientific instrument for observing the Sun is the famous Stonehenge, the age of which is about 5 thousand years. By assumption, archaeologists, Stonehenge may have been used for different purposes, but the most popular is the version, which says that with the help of Stonehenge ancient astronomers and priests watched the sun and measured the longest day of the year and the shortest, respectively sun on the longest day was at the highest point, and the shortest day — in the lower.