The tumors of the digestive system

The tumors of the digestive system.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

The most common malignant tumor of the digestive system — gastric cancer. In the structure of cancer incidence and mortality in Russia gastric cancer is second only to lung cancer. And no wonder — because there are many risk factors which, if unfavorable circumstances it may provoke serious disease. This unfavorable heredity, and feeding habits (passion smoked, spicy, salty and canned food), and exposure to the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (the main cause of gastritis and ulcers of the stomach and duodenum), and smoking.

Improper diet — lack of fiber, eating refined foods, and excessive love of sausages and meat — is also a major cause of other cancers — Colon Cancer. As a rule, the disease develops in the bowel inflammation (colitis) or frompolyps— Outgrowths of the mucous membrane of the intestinal wall. The risk of colon tumor increases markedly with age.

Also, as in the case of any other cancer, bowel cancer and stomach cancer is easier to prevent than to cure. Make it easy: just need to "listen" to your body, to monitor the chair include in the diet of more vegetables and fruits. If you experience problems with digestion must-attend a gastroenterologist.

If you suffer from chronic diseases of the stomach (atrophic gastritis, ulcers, polyps) should undergo annual gastroscopy — this will allow time to detect malignant tumor and provide prompt treatment. As for colon cancer, one of the simple but very informative methods of diagnosis is fecal occult blood. This analysis reveals tumor even in the absence ofany complaints. If necessary, in-depth diagnosis is assigned endoscopic (colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy) or radiological (barium enema) study of intestinal.In the case of "suspicious" items take biopsy — A small piece of the mucosa, which is sent to the laboratory for detailed examination under a microscope.

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