This year marks twenty years since the declassification of data from experiments with radiation, carried out over more than 60 years, the United States government. The victims of these experiments were 20,000 more helpless and unsuspecting people — including civilians, prisoners, workers in the federal services, hospital patients, pregnant women, teenagers, children with mental development of the military departments and employees.
"… Gloss over the scientific experiments that have reduced thousands of men, women and even children to the level of anonymous individuals",
— Wrote American journalist Eileen Wells, in his book "Materials for plutonium: Secret experiments the U.S. government during the Cold War."
Poor people without their knowledge, subjected to radiation (plutonium, a radioactive arsenic and other substances) to observe an immediate and short-term effects of radiation.
In one such study, conducted in the years Vanderbilt University, 829 unsuspecting pregnant women took a dose of radioactive iron. In other — 188 children received a dose of radioactive iron, mix with lemonade. Between 1963 and 1971 eggs dozen prisoners from Oregon and Washington were subjected to intensive irradiation with X-rays to find out what dose of radiation when there is infertility.
In one school children with delayed development received a dose of radioactive iron and calcium. In this case, the statements on the consent of the parents did not mention anything like that. Across America psychiatric patients were injected with radioactive iodine.
Already in the early 20th century, it was known that radiation causes cell death, radiation sickness and even death. The following are the data from the report of a special committee, which was set up in 1993 to investigate cases of illegal experiments on humans with radiation.
In the 40's and 50's all over the place there were abuses in the use of X-rays. All diseases, from depriving and ending with tonsillitis were treated with X-rays, because the long-term risks were either unknown or estimated as insignificant.
Children are regularly treated with high dose of radiation during the process of determining the size of the foot with the help of "flyuroskopa" in shoe stores.
Capsules of radium placed in the nostrils for the treatment of hearing loss, now considered the cause of cancer, thyroid disease, dental problems and disorders of the immune system.
Experiments with radiation on the scale of the whole country
Well-known and more extensive experiments with radiation. In 1985, the U.S. Department of Energy organized a radiation leakage in the state of Idaho. U.S. Air Force organized at least eight leaks of radiation in the desert in the state of Utah.
235 tests of the atomic bomb and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are not formally experiments with radiation. However, from 250 to 500 thousand people from the U.S. military personnel were exposed to radiation during the tests, as well as during the post-war occupation of Japan.
The Committee also declassified documents from which it became known that the military knew of the high risk of radioactive fallout as a result of the atomic bomb tests at the Nevada Test Site. Despite this, the generals decided not to postpone the test to a safer place in Florida where the wind would blow radioactive clouds into the sea.
National Cancer Institute in the United States in 1997, published data showing that during the test of the atomic bomb 160 million Americans have undergone radiation exposure as a result of radioactive fallout. This compares with the consequences of nuclear war, only started by the own government.