Under the eight-pointed star

Neighbors to the north by the Sumerians of Entre Rios — the Akkadians, who created the powerful states of Babylonia and Assyria, borrowed their gods from the Sumerians. More than that — the Sumerian language has long been the language of the Akkadians created the sacred texts and mythological tales, although the Sumerians to the second millennium BC have disappeared, and their culture absorbed the culture of neighboring nations.

Until we heard a great poem about the creation of the universe, the gods of earth and man — "Enuma Elish", written in Babylon, three thousand years ago. This unique monument gives a complete picture of the Akkadians views on the origin of all things. Buy a lg air conditioners can be in the online store foxtrot.com.ua.

Here there are a whole new idea of what the gods, as in humans, there was a succession of generations, and each generation is far superior to the power of the gods last. There is also a magnificent description of the battle of old and new gods. But the main goal of "Enuma Elish" — an explanation of why the Babylonian god Marduk gained supremacy over the other gods. Interestingly, there is a version of this poem, created in Ashur, the capital of Assyria, and it takes the place of Marduk Ashur — patron deity of the Assyrians.

In this was manifested the desire to highlight the Akkadians of mass main deity of the ancient gods — the same way as the power at this time of the final transition to the sole rulers — kings. The cut goddess Tiamat — the most ancient goddess of the Akkadians. This is the epitome of chaos, the primordial elements, creator of the first of the gods, with whom she also had to join the battle. According to the myth, the god Marduk personally cut the body of Tiamat in two, making one of the sky, and from the other — the ground. More often than not this goddess depicted in the image of a humanoid, but as a monstrous seven-headed dragon or hydra. "Sunshine Child" was the name of Marduk — god of the new generation, who collected the properties and power of many of the old gods. Marduk sway over men and other gods of the heavens, he has all wisdom, the art of healing spells, commands the elements of water and vegetation. On top of it — a courageous warrior, the only one of the gods, who decided to fight the armies of Tiamat and victorious. For this he gets the right to rule over the gods.

So Marduk gets the power not only by right of inheritance, but also on the right of the strongest. The symbols of Marduk served with an ax blade, resembling a crescent and a dragon. Lord of the heavenly gates. Among the natural Akkadians particularly revered deities Adad — the god of thunder, wind, storms, as responsible for the disastrous and fruitful for the forces of nature. He obeyed and floods and rains, life-giving fields. The Babylonians revered Adada a bull — a symbol of fertility and the indomitable strength and fury. The greatest of the female deities of Babylonia and Assyria Ishtar was recognized — the goddess of fertility, love, and at the same time, strife and war.

The symbol of Ishtar, the sky was the planet Venus, which is depicted in the form of an eight-pointed star, and on the ground — a lion. This goddess was considered the patron of kings and women of easy virtue, with its cult linked many bizarre and bloody rituals. Ishtar is fickle and treacherous, it often destroys their lovers — men and gods, so the hero Gilgamesh, Ishtar, which, according to myth, offered her love, meets the goddess sharp refusal, incurring the wrath of her.

The bas-reliefs and sculptures of the Babylonians and Assyrians Ishtar is always portrayed with arrows on his back. In addition to the gods, Akkadians believed in a great variety of spirits — vicious and supportive to people. These creatures were considered children demon Lilith, born from the union of the first man. The word "Shedd" means "hairy." The Akkadians also believed that the Shedd converted souls of people who were wicked and dissolute life.

Be that as it may, these "small demons" had to live in harmony, otherwise they are taken every possible way to harm the man sent his illness and misfortune. Most often depicted in the form of Shedd people, birds or small winged bulls.

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