Witness the terrible catastrophe was the commander of the 6th battery of mine caliber LK "Novorossiysk" graduate CHVVMU them. PS 1953 Charles I. Zhilin, future Rear Admiral. He himself was able to swim out of the water funnel and save the young sailor.
On this terrible disaster written a lot of memoirs and books, published many books and pamphlets produced more than hundreds of reports collected hundreds of volumes of various documents. The creators of many works, setting out his version of what happened,
rush from one extreme to another, trying to convince readers in their own right.
As a boy, I was an eyewitness to the terrible horror that occurred on the night of October 29, 1955. In my boyhood memoirs remained illumined by the rays of searchlights Sevastopol bay and very long whale lying on its side — we beheld from the street to private traders. Then — the crowds at the Count's Quay, crying, cries, sirens, patrol, who repelled onlookers and sought to go home. Later we attended the funeral at the cemetery novorossiytsev Communards.
They, for some reason swirling in white sheets, were buried in mass graves NIGHT MODE. A day only rovnenkaya damp earth reminded of the night accidents. But now it is the further history. Carefully about this book told in 3 lurking sea in a series of furtive Sevastopol.
Six months after the nightmarish night in Sevastopol, but the city and the fleet continued to haunt the stories and eyewitness accounts of the events of catastrophic death of the battleship "Novorossiysk". Subject mysterious death of Russian battleship continued to disturb the imagination of counter-intelligence, the KGB, diplomats and representatives of other special services and agencies of the Union and Russian, and zabugornyh.
By "coincidence," at 6 months, in April 1956, held municipal party and government visit the USSR delegation to England, headed by Khrushchev and Bulganin. The trip did not anticipate the signing of any agreement and was declared "good will visit."
But the fascinating fact that a visit to London was not scheduled as usual on the government plane, while on a combat ship. Why?
Looking ahead, I note that the visit to the UK was marred by weird episode: English diver tried to explore housing Russian cruiser.
The will, of course, the guests were good. But they went up to the shores of Albion at the battle cruiser "Ordzhonikidze".
The tanks do not go to visit. But specifically cruiser, armed with the latest at the time the artillery of various calibers, had to play the role of the sign of power and inaccessibility of the USSR.
For the use of the cruiser was another argument, so to speak, a tactical nature. The time was uncertain, and the ship named after Sergo fire with bottomless barrels of guns in any case could not guarantee the safety of the delegation. For more conviction in the cruiser support added two destroyers — "Looking" and "Perfect."
"We agreed with the British government would arrive to them on a warship — wrote in his memoirs, Khrushchev. — We want to arrive at the cruiser as they thought: when we get to the port city, we will be there to support their own time
The structure of the Russian delegation, except N.A.Bulganina and NS Khrushchev, included a group of scientists and artists — namely, academician I. Kurchatov, Culture Minister Mikhailov, the aircraft AN Tupolev, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko, Khrushchev's son Sergei.
But the other day out to the composition of the departing suddenly added the next passenger. Indescribable, but the fact is that the deck is strictly top-secret Russian military fleet flagship soldier climbed a capitalist country.
"When we went — we read in the memoirs of Khrushchev — the British Embassy in Moscow has offered to bring a British military attache. However, some people have objections appeared: sail on a warship, ship new military
Attache, of course, interested in them and will be able to discover some of our military secrets.
This judgment is, of course, was nonsense, inspired by the characters of the Stalinist era. Military attaché with the rank of colonel was a very attractive man.
When out to sea, was arranged a small dinner party at which invited a British officer. It turned out that he was well versed in alcoholic beverages and so drunk that he was no longer up to vehicle inspection. He almost made it to his own cabin, and slept soundly the whole day. "
— During a memorable trip to the UK I had the opportunity to build Nikita Sergeyevich almost every day — told the sergeant first article last radio service cruiser Miroslav G. Sexton.
— Bulganin, reticent and unapproachable, usually was sitting in the mess — and the captain of his own ship — Captain 1st Rank Stepanov.
In contrast, Khrushchev was on the ship and on land. He visited all corners of the cruiser — Kubrick's galleys, the bridge — and everywhere spoke with the sailors, was interested in the details of their service. His appearance, his manner of speaking, a tendency to jokes inspired by the debate to cause to be frank.
— Where are you from? — He asked once the 1st of the sailors.
— From Ukraine, Lviv.
— Lviv — beautiful city. I've been there and the other day the war and after. Ternopil injured, destroyed it to pieces, and the Lions managed to save. Drogobic, Borislav, Transcarpathia — I've been there too. A city such Sokal know?
— Of course. This is two to three hours drive from the city.
— That's what I know. My wife, Nina S. Kukharuk — your home town. She is originally from
village from Sokal. At the moment it has departed to Poland … "
On that memorable day, April 17, the entire crew of the cruiser solemnly lined up on deck to congratulate Nikita Sergeyevich with days of birth. He made an impromptu speech that lasted more than two hours. Read curious and smartly about international relations, the inevitable end of capitalism.
On behalf of the crew he was handed a gift — a model of our cruisers.
What is most striking is the fact that no one has set foot on the heels of Khrushchev and not breathing in the back of the head. In other words, unlike other officials, he somehow did not recognize personal protection. "
In Porstsmute Russian warships docked at the pier to the south train military port.
History in Portsmouth over the centuries, is inextricably linked with the history of British sailing vessels. The settlers, sailed out of town on the eleven ships of May 13, 1787 th, established the first European colony on the Australian soil. This expedition also marked the b
eginning of sending prisoners to the fifth continent. One of the usual sectors of the urban economy created a system of enterprise logistics royal navy. In the era of the Industrial Revolution, this branch has become the engine of regional economic development. In 1802, the company opened the Portsmouth Block Mills at Portsmouth world's first mass production line hoist for installation on British warships. During this period the Portsmouth shipyard was one of the largest industrial complexes on the planet.
During the second World War, the enterprise did Portsmouth defense order, which made the city a target of the Luftwaffe. The bombing suffered huge number of city buildings, city hall was completely destroyed. During earthworks builders hitherto found unexploded bombs. June 6, 1944, in Portsmouth Harbour performed loading the allied forces on military transport ships. To the north of Portsmouth, in Southwick Manor House was a rate Expeditionary Force Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower.
After the end of the second world war in Portsmouth have been a number of large-scale urban development projects involving the clearing of slums and rubble and construction of residential houses. One of them, the area of Leigh Park, is among the largest in the Europe. A significant part of urban residents moved into new housing estates on the outskirts of the city, in Buckland, Lendport and Portsea. Many of the structures built in the post-war decades later criticized for failing historical and architectural face of Portsmouth, at the end of the century some of these homes went under demolition.
In 1959, restoration work was completed in the town hall. Now the festive ceremony dedicated to its discovery, took the role of the Queen of England.
Ivanov with the Mayor of Portsmouth
Creator of the book "Secrets of Sevastopol" in 1994 went to Portsmouth, where the mayor of the town showed me (I was then vice-mayor of Sevastopol), the British naval base, the famous sailing ships and steam introduced to port infrastructure. Modern, spotless and very beautiful sea closed port next to where the sailing ship of Admiral Nelson's "Victoria" are missile corvettes and huge warships, a huge number of tourists from different countries of the world, shops, cafes and restaurants.
But back in 1956 year. Khrushchev enthusiastically acquainted with the state, visited several cities. Bulganin and Khrushchev took the Queen of Great Britain Elizabeth II.
On one of the festive dinner hosted in honor of Russian guests, the place next to Khrushchev took to Churchill, and they spoke almost half an hour.
And at a time when the festive table for toasts accompanied by sonorous peal of crystal glasses, on the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze" sounded the excitement.
That happened on the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze" said the witness of events captain retired Victor Mukhortov:
— In April 1956, a group of Russian ships in the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze" party secretary who I was at that time, destroyers "Looking" and "Perfect" on a visit to the UK. He brought back a huge party and government delegation of the USSR — the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, NS Khrushchev, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR NA Bulganin, the country's leading aircraft AN Tupolev, Academician IV nuclear scientist Kurchatov and other officials.
Early in the afternoon on April 19 watch the 1st of destroyers saw someone at the side of the cruiser and floated down here. This was immediately reported it to the captain, and he passed the cruiser. There was a suspicion that British spies lurking trying to survey the bottom of the ship and propellers, as the cruiser had a huge speed — 32 knots and very good maneuverability. Not excluded and sabotage — set mines underneath, so that when cruiser will be released in the North Sea, it exploded. The death of the ship with a government delegation could explain the fact that the cruiser struck a mine in wartime.
Were taken appropriate security measures have been alerted British authorities. Coming soon to one of the islands nearby Portsmouth found the body of a light diving suit, in what was identified asa underwater sabotage operations Navy frogmen England captain Lieutenant Kenneth Lionel Philippe Crabbe, last of the famous diver who fought with the Italian frogmen-saboteurs in the Mediterranean during the 2 the Second World War.
In British government circles there was a scandal in the so-called "the cause of Crabbe." British Prime Minister Anthony Eden had to speak in the House of Commons and say that the government was not made aware of the operations of intelligence services Crabbe and could not authorize it. The Labor Party, which at that time was in opposition, denounced the British government for espionage act during a friendly visit of Russian ships and sought an investigation.
April 19, 1956 the command of the British Navy said that Crabbe "did not return after a dive to the bottom of the pilot, who had his own to test some underwater vehicles in the bay area of Portsmouth Stoke."
I personally had the opportunity to hear 1st war propagandist, which claimed that when they found the diver, the command was given, and the cruiser cranked the screws that was destroyed by a saboteur. After the lecture, I went up to the speaker and tactfully explained to: that cruiser at anchor, it could turn the screws, you need to prepare four o'clock, and extra — two hours. During this period of time has long been a saboteur would he sailed in an appropriate direction. "
Not so long ago, there was clarification of the action that took place April 19, 1956 in Portsmouth under the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze". Via "RenTV" a documentary film "The Revelation of sea devil" in the preparation of which he took part, and I am. As its main character was Edward ring. In his own interview Kol'tsov said at the time, at age 20 3 years, he was a scout underwater. When the acoustic cruiser found a suspicious object underneath the ship, called the manager of the reconnaissance Kol'tsova and instructed him to go down into the water and act on incidents.
Kol'tsov did just that. Soon he saw the silhouette of a man in a light diving suit that installed mine on the starboard side, particularly where there are chargers cellar. Being careful, our scout approached the saboteur, grabbed his shoes and pulled over. When the body of a saboteur floated next to him, the ring blow knife cut the breathing device, and then the enemy's throat. The corpse of a swimmer let the stream, removed from the board of mine and pulled her into a corner pier where there were no people, have accumulated a lot of mud and any debris. For this feat Edward Kol'tsov received the Order of the Red Star.
That's how we found out what happened in fact. What still con
cerns Leonel Crabbe, the British archives of it secret until 2057. Why? Apparently, his conscience and the conscience of the British government death of many ships, including, perhaps, our battleship "Novorossiysk", which exploded in 1955 in Sevastopol. In any case, while Crabbe commanded the 12th Marine commando group.
Here's what he wrote about it in a book about Khrushchev Roy Medvedev. "The visit to Britain was marred by weird episode: the diver on the instructions of the intelligence service tried to explore the body cruiser. When our men saw him, he disappeared under the water, and most of it is not beheld.
We announced and explained to the British protest that our sailors watched as the diver in a special gear to explore the underwater part of our ship. As it should be aware of? Many remained in the memory of the tragic death of the battleship "Novorossiisk" in the Sevastopol bay. We do not rule out that swimmers can attach to the cruiser magnetic mines, and it is not cheap we can do without.
Because we reflect on the way back home on the plane. But the Tu-104 has just passed the tests and was dangerous, and fly to the IL-14 after the furore generated Tu-104, it seemed indecent.
We did not believe in the possibility of any provocation. Break cruiser to the control of another government — this is war. The British will not allow itself! So we decided to go back home in the cruiser … "
He remembered the episode and Khrushchev himself: "It turns out that it was a special scout them — a diver in rank, it seems major. Its appearance is our intelligence clarified that the British, perhaps motivate screws cruisers and form some parts of the hull, determine its speed.
Exploration was engaged in the business. They motivate, that is our ship, and they were not satisfied with what he saw military attache.
We did not give much importance to this, though, and talk about the fact that they invited us to visit, and are digging in pockets. A scout has died, and in the press have written about what we do, in all likelihood, captured and taken to Moscow. Then it was announced that he found a dead body. We do not know exactly who it was. But the fact that it was a spy — we had no hesitation. "
Knows the other marcher: "On that day I was hurt because the crew got off to a store, on a sightseeing trip to Portsmouth, and I had to stand watches. But not for long vexed.
Suddenly on the radar screens of our customer spotted a third party entity that is rapidly moving from the coast in the direction of "Ordzhonikidze".
The attendant outfit responded at once. Next only to repeat a string of orders on the cruiser, "an agent of British intelligence service rendered harmless."
— And what could be a target for the British? Maybe they really just want to look at the screws?
— I think that this design is, like many others, the British were more or less known. But attach the screws around the mine or mine slow action with a remote control, they could completely.
— But one mine is unlikely to have killed such a massive ship?
— Naturally, the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze" had decent features: 210 meters in length, 25 in width, and height — a twenty-story house! But if even one mine exploded far away at sea, and even in a storm, then curled the screws and the steering could be a lot of problems.
— You can imagine how uncomfortable then felt themselves British! And the Russian leaders, of course, were outraged.
— The war nerves — who first did not survive to announce to the whole world about this incident. And this cold-blooded British lost the war.
Considering that the attack — the best way to protect, they declared that such-and-so killed their Russian "peace" or what is not innocent lover of sea bathing in the cool water. And now have to answer for it.
Moreover, they turned to the Hague international tribunal for support. But it was all in vain! Certain marine area around our cruisers, as is customary, surrounded by reddish signal buoys. And all that is within the boundaries of these
buoys at the time the number of territories of the USSR.
So the international tribunal could except at the request of England has long been recognized as invalid signed international agreements.
— So, thanks to you and your fellow crew working the way was measured. And so in order to the cruiser may have been a few more lines …
— All participants in the campaign for good service announced gratitude. And then offered assistance to enroll in at least some college. "
Maybe provocation with English diver was scheduled check on the care of our anti-sabotage forces, maybe it was the continuation of a series of owls. Covert Operations British naval intelligence.
As long as it remains lurking.
Interestingly, the fate of the upcoming cruiser Ordzhonikidze "is connected with the name of Khrushchev. In February 1960, Nikita Khrushchev arrived in Indonesia. During the visit, an agreement was signed for the supply of ships, planes, helicopters, tanks and other weapons. Undoubtedly, the most expensive object in the middle of them was the cruiser "Ordzhonikidze".
Earlier day or tonnage ships such other fleets of the USSR did not commit. August 5, 1962 cruiser "Ordzhonikidze" arrived in Surabaya and after the handover ceremony and renaming "Irian".
January 24, 1963 was expelled from the Soviet Navy. In 1965, as a result of the coup to power in Indonesia's Suharto came. The cruiser was converted into a floating jail for the enemies of the new regime.
In 1972, "Ordzhonikidze" — "Irian" was dismantled for scrap