For a couple of years of military experts, amateurs and military affairs media discussions are necessary to build new aircraft carriers for the Russian Navy. In late June of last year, all these allegations received new impetus for development: President of the United Shipbuilding Company R. Trocenko reservation that in one of the naval design bureaus of our country started preparatory work relating to a promising carrier. A year earlier, as the deadline for commencement of construction of a new ship with vsepolnotsennym air armament was called in 2018. To build an aircraft carrier by the then plans was given 5 years. Slightly later head of the Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov also commented on the new carrier. According to him, the construction of such ships, if they will, then not before 2020. In the current state program re funds to build aircraft carriers are not provided. But for funding the development of these boats Minister said nothing that can be treated, including, and as proof that the new aircraft carriers — be.
A year earlier Trocenko read that a new aircraft carrier will certainly get a nuclear power plant. So makarom until ephemeral craft project will be the second Russian aircraft carrier «at the atomic fly.» In the late 80’s began construction of an aircraft carrier «Ulyanovsk». But due to the collapse of the Russian Union and the ensuing problems of braked at around 50% completion. Mounted with 27 thousand tons of redundant structures were dismantled. Dismantling designs was launched in 1992. After 20 years and then started again active discussions on the construction of new ships of the same class. According to last year’s statements, at the end of the current year of 2012 the Ministry of Defence will receive consideration for the preparation of a new ship design.
View promising carrier is not entirely clear. Of course, that will be the basis of his arms aviation group. But there are severe doubts on the subject of «collateral» guns. Well, clear composition of planes and helicopters is the topic for debate. As an example, the experience of service now only Russian aircraft carrier «Admiral Kuznetsov Russian.» Proud name of «aircraft carrier» this ship was due to the fact that under the flight deck it is located twelve silos for antiship missiles «Granit». When created craft project, such harmonization looked exciting and promising. But in the following years, the military concluded uselessness RCC on the ship, whose purpose — to provide work planes and helicopters. Eventually, in the late 90s on a ship because of lost ability to use missiles. According to one version, while technical operations combat control post missiles was incorrigible damage. Ultimately, is almost 15 years our only aircraft carrier can not fully justify this classification definition. Yet, a number of specialized professionals and military believe that the loss of the missile weapons, although reduced capacity of the ship, still not proved fatal in the tactical plan. Because the new aircraft carrier, perhaps, will not have launchers for anti-ship missiles. Appropriate amounts can be used with greater utility, for example, for growth or hangars below deck tanks for aviation kerosene.
The latter, it is worth to see the promising aircraft carrier handy very many. According to the president of USC, the new ship aviation group should consist of 7 10’s aircraft. Curiously, the same aircraft and helicopters provided 1143.7 project, which builds on the «Ulyanovsk». So makarom can imagine about the aviation arms of the new ship. To «Ulyanovsk» were based:
— 24 fighter Su-33;
— 24 fighter MiG-29K;
— 4 AWACs and EW Yak-44;
— 16 anti-submarine helicopters Ka-27;
— 2 rescue helicopter Ka-27PS.
With this composition, the air group «Ulyanovsk» in quantitative amount on most Fri could compete with South American aircraft carriers of the «Nimitz». But it was never built, and the comparison can only be empirical. Regarding created (?) Carrier, perhaps, the composition of planes and helicopters on board will be different. First, due to the fact that the full compliance of old plans is useful to bring the project MiG-29K and spend anew design work relating to the deck of the aircraft radar detection. And if the ship relative to the MiG-29K there is any hope in view of the aircraft of the Indian reservation, the relatively palubnika AWACS today there is no information. Cause for optimism helicopters — rotorcraft company «Kamov» have good potential, and their family in 2020 completely new deck can be extended «relatives.»
Separate discussion is worth estimated tactical niche of the new ship. During last year’s debate question a couple of times a figure of 4-6 required fleet of aircraft carriers. Certainly, such a number of ships required to be made on the base of some harsh, not counting the phrase «to have.» For example, we can take the experience of the United States — a country which has the world’s largest carrier fleet. Americans use their carriers as a basis for carrier strike groups (CSGs). The composition of such compounds include an aircraft carrier air wings with one or two missile cruisers project Ticonderoga, three or four destroyers project Arleigh Burke, two or three multi-purpose submarines type Los Angeles or Virginia and several auxiliary vessels. So Makar, the U.S. can keep right on duty more than 10 AUG, which allows you to quickly respond to the configuration of the political and military situation. As shown, the concept AUG completely sufficient for most emerging in our time tasks. Can be fully that the new Russian aircraft carriers will provide ground carrier strike groups Russian Navy. If this is the assumption in the theorem, it is entirely possible that the Russian standard AUG 20’s of this century will be ready to look further way. One carrier of the new project, Project 1144 missile cruiser «Orlan», several new destroyers, which are planned to start building in 2016, and the submarine Project 885 «Ash». This version states that the fact that the Russian Defense Ministry wants to return in 2020 to build three cruisers of project 1144. Due to various circumstances in the 90s exploitation cruiser «Kirov», «Admiral Lazarev» and «Admiral Ushakov» has been suspended . In the end of the 4 «Orlanov» Now our fleet has only one combat-capable ships — this missile cruiser «Peter the Great», the carrier service in the Northern Fleet. As for submarines, Project 885 «Ash», the total amount of their after 2020 will increase to 10-12, while promising destroyers by this time will be built in a series of 6 units.
Of course, that version of the development of aircraft carrier battle groups is quite plausible. But from the information on the pace of building ships that first we will see a similar compound, in the best case, in the twentieth year. Thus in 2020 the «core» is the newest AUG «Admiral Kuznetsov». Although a possible date is 2022-25 years. Naturally, the condition of existence for the purposes of creating AUG. It should be noted that the South American aircraft carrier strike groups in the last couple of years are used for the main role in the operations of «planting democracy» as it is often called. Our homeland is not yet seen in similar things, because Russian AUG further be doing puzzles, good from American aircraft carrier task colleagues. Most likely, these units will be used for patrolling strategic missile submarine. In addition, the management of our Navy did not once talk about the need for aircraft carriers patrolling areas responsible for anti-submarine work, attack enemy coastal areas, control the length of the sea border of the country, etc. Practically speaking, all this is the original purpose of the existence of modern aircraft carriers.
Regardless of the specific purpose, which will be put before the crews of our new aircraft carriers, the construction of such ships will benefit not only to the Navy. Over the past couple of decades Russian shipbuilding, let’s be honest, confused old abilities and significantly lowered the number of manufactured swimming facilities. Accordingly, the order for the design and construction of four aircraft carriers even help Russian naval design bureau playing catch-up, and shipbuilding companies — to provide a decent life for their employees. In the end, with the commissioning of similar ships of the Russian Navy combat potential markedly increase, which will allow to strengthen the presence of our ships in the oceans.