A portrait of the Pharaoh — three and a half thousand years

14.04.2004

14.04.2004


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April 13, 2004 | 18:28

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News of Science

 

Spanish archaeologists leading the excavations in the Valley of the Kings at Luxor in southern Egypt discovered portrait, which is thought to have captured the Pharaoh Thutmose III, who ruled the country in the fifteenth century BC.

Figure size 50 by 30 inches on a piece of wood is unique not only for its age. For the first time scientists have seen the image of ancient Egyptian ruler full face. The fact that the artists of that era to adhere to strict rules — to draw human portraits only in profile, and the "privilege of the person" was a lot of mythological characters and … foreigners.

According to José Manuel Galán — team leader of archaeologists, who made a sensational find, the picture captures the Pharaoh Thutmose III, who became famous for the victorious campaigns in neighboring countries, resulting in the Egyptian kingdom has expanded considerably in size. On higher rank indicates apparel trapezoidal shape, which had the right to wear only kings or queens. However, the archaeologist does not exclude that the artist has depicted is not a man, as a famous female pharaoh Hatshepsut. London magazine "New Scientist" calls her mother of Thutmose. Other sources believe that Hatshepsut was his half-sister, that did not stop them legally married.

According to an expert Egyptologist from the British Museum Marcel Marais extant image — this is a sketch for the subsequent work of the sculptor, who was called to leave the descendants of the stone statue of the pharaoh. This is evidenced by the cell, which is lined pattern. This technique for the transfer of image elements with wood or cardboard on the stone sculptors use to this day.

After the necessary conservation work on the portrait of Thutmose III will take pride of place in a museum for all to see Luxor.

See also: The strangest archaeological finds, ice floes in Antarctica were not always.

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