Chip production

All of us in varying degrees, using financial, social, and SIM-cards, not to mention travel by subway. All of these things have one thing — at the heart of their operation is a microchip. Mikroelektronka is one of the most high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries. More than 90% of innovations that appear in the world, created by the development of microelectronics. 

All microchips used in Russia are born in the same place — on the Zelenograd factory "Mikron", a part of the group of companies "Microelectronics".

At the heart of any chips or chip — silicon.

Silicon single crystal is processed. Thick plate cut into two sheets of paper and a diameter of 750 microns. In this form it and buys the plant.

Next, at work, on the basis of the further purpose, the plate is processed (about 200-300 operations) and cut into small pieces of equal size. One plate is placed several tens of thousands of chips with three-dimensional structure.

  • Plate with microchips
  • Plate with microchips

Please insert purified from dust in the ionized water and treated with special reagents. Then it was subjected to heat treatment.

Then photolithography is the procedure, which plate is subjected to processing several times. Usable portion of chips is usually not less than 95 percent.

Plates with microchips transferred to smif-container. The container protects the plate from external influences and dirt. SMIF-container — it's a little "extra clean room." There's actually created a class of purity 0.00 units per cubic meter.

Heart of microelectronic production — clean room. The production process it goes around the clock, not stopping even at night. Almost the entire process of manufacturing microchips automated, reducing the need for human resources.

The most important element of the underlying and the plant is the cleanliness. Microchip for any speck of dust — the same as the boulder to humans. You can work only in a special suit, riddled with carbon thread and having a dust-repellent properties. Employees working in the clean room, not allowed to use cosmetics. Number of particles in air is controlled by a four-filter system.

  • Clean room (area of photolithography)

The most important element of the underlying and the plant is the cleanliness. Microchip for any speck of dust — the same as the boulder to humans. You can work only in a special suit, riddled with carbon thread and having a dust-repellent properties. Employees working in the clean room, not allowed to use cosmetics. Number of particles in air is controlled by a four-filter system.

  • Clean room (area of photolithography)
  • Clean room (area of photolithography)

Clean room (area of photolithography)

The plant has two production process technology chip 90 and 180 nanometers. This means that the minimum size of the chip is 90 nanometers. One nanometer is one billionth of a meter. The structure of 90 nm is more bystrodeystvennoy, energy-intensive and reliable. It launched in February this year with the assistance of "RUSNANO". Utilization of 90nm lines until only 25%, while 180 — 80%.

In the project development chip production 90 and 180 nanometers, attended by more than 70 companies from 17 countries. All the equipment, all the materials are delivered to the plant from abroad.

Companies collaborating with the "Microelectronics"

At launch 90nm production only 7 countries in the world have similar technology. However, the issue of Europe is already underway structures 65, 43 and 32 nm, while we still only 90. But it is definitely a breakthrough. Having started the production of chips with 90nm layout level, we reduced the gap from the world's leading technology for 5 generations, equivalent to ten ordinary years. Also Microelectronics in 2013, plans to start the development of domestic technology level 65nm.

Production for Russia is really important and one of the few where we can compete with Western producers on the domestic market. However, as recognized by employees of the plant, the development of new technologies is highly dependent on public support, so there is hope for the best and wait.

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