12.12.11.Ekosistema lakes in China is on the brink of destruction. For the past 50 years due to human activities in China have disappeared 243 lakes.
These data are reported Iyuy Chen, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the State Committee for the Management of Natural Sciences Foundation.
According to the academician, in the whole country for the past 50 years has dried up 4326 square meters. kilometers of lakes, 9,570 square meters were fading. kilometers, the total volume of water in lakes decreased by 51.6 billion cubic meters. This applies only to the lakes area of more than 10 square meters. km.
Among completely dry lake 62 is in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 59 in the region of Inner Mongolia, 55 in Hubei Province, 11 in Jiangsu Province, and 10 in the provinces of Jiangxi and Anhui.
Iyuy Chen said that a lot of drying lakes in the north-west and in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River.
Among the main reasons for reducing the number of lakes in the country, Chen singled artificial drainage. According to his calculations, since the founding of the PRC, the whole country was drained more than 13 thousand square meters. km of lakes. In the period from 1950 to 1085 years, was drained 161 square meters. km Taihu Lake, one of the largest freshwater lakes in China.
Source: The Epoch Times