Menstrual irregularities

Menstrual irregularities.

The main feature of a normal menstrual cycle are considered regular menses — bleeding from the genital tract. They appear every21-35 days and go for 3-7 days.

How to recognize the disorder?

It is very simple and logical: if normal menstruation — then everything is all right — if not, menstrual cycle broken. The most pronounced form of cycle disturbances — amenorrhea: the complete absence of menstrual periods for over six months. In addition, suspicious considered too scarce or, conversely, too heavy periods, and their irregularity (very frequent or rare). A woman should guard bleeding, reaching only 1-2 or more days of the week.

Causes

Irregular menstrual cycle — is not a disease, but merely a sign that the work of the internal reproductive organs occurred some failure. In the beginnings of cycle disorders usually are defects in the hormonal system. And not necessarily to the defects concerned the sex hormones. The culprits can easily be thyroid hormones, adrenal and pituitary even (an important part of the brain). The reasons for such hormonal disruptions may be several reasons:

  • constant stress or damage to the nervous system;
  • infectious and non-infectious diseases of the internal genital organs;
  • Serious diseases of other organs and systems (liver, kidneys, lungs, blood);
  • serious infectious diseases;
  • a genetic predisposition;
  • certain medications;
  • abrupt change of residence (for example, moving from Syktyvkar to Murmansk);
  • and radiation poisoning;
  • poor diet (weight loss or vitamin deficiency, or on the contrary — obesity).

At the same time, tampons, contrary to some misconceptions, no adverse effects onmenstrual cycle (Although they may lead to other problems).

The more dangerous?

Sometimes, for minor infractions menstruation can stand a very serious disease: ectopic pregnancy, benign and malignant tumors of the ovaries or uterus, tuberculosis, tumors of the brain.

Diagnostics

Noticing that the monthly suddenly were not so, as usual, the woman should immediately go to the gynecologist. The faster it turns out the reason for violations menstruation, better. First of all, the study doctor will prescribe hormone profile patient. You must also do an ultrasound to find out if there are any diseases or damage to the internal organs. Another study required — to check for infection: normal vaginal swab, or a more complex PCR diagnostics. In terms of what the analysis of hormones, the patient may need to consult specialist endocrinologist.

Treatment

Disturbed menstrual cycle it is necessary to make normal. In this case, do not treat itself violation cycle and removed causes that led to it:

  • infectious and inflammatory processes are treated with special pills and physical therapy;
  • with initial hormonal disorders prescribe hormone therapy;
  • in case of tumors may require surgical intervention;
  • help support the weakened body physical exercise, good nutrition and vitamins.

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