On accession of the Baltic states and Bessarabia to the Soviet Union

One of the charges, which constantly put up against the Soviet Union and Stalin — a "conquest" of the Baltic countries and the territory of modern Moldova.

When it accusers overlooked, deliberately or by ignorance, some fundamental facts:

— In autumn 1939, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have themselves entered into a contract with the Soviet Union on mutual understanding, after which the Alliance won the right place at their local military bases.

— In each of the states of significant groups of the population supported the idea of socialism, they were not acting in the small Communist Party newspapers were published. In the elections in July 1940 for the "Union of the working people" in Estonia voted 92.8% who came to express their worldview. Were in the Baltic countries and the "underground" of local residents who are ready to defend their lives to the standards of communism.

Rigans meet Russian "invaders" in the summer of 1940

— In Lithuania, thinking about the "occupation", for some reason do not remember that Moscow regained their ancient capital of Lithuania — Vilnius and Vilna region, which in 1923 invaded Poland.

— Once "Sovietization" is "occupation", why valiant army of the Baltic states did not resist, which will certainly be supported and the Western democracies. At least, moral, just, maybe even a war would start, because during the Soviet-Finnish War, London and Paris are almost went to war with Moscow. Reddish Army "pumped up" very quickly overpowered.

Army, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania simply "merged" into the Red Army. In Lithuania, the army became the 29th Territorial Corps, the military even stored an old form, only the insignia changed. To the officers added political workers — commissioners, often Lithuanians of the inhabitants of the Soviet Union or members of the Communist Party of Lithuania.

Why not start the guerrilla movement against the "occupiers"?
— There are lots of photos, where the inhabitants of 3 Baltic countries met Red flowers and bread and salt. In other words, at least for a significant part of the population changes were met positively.

— Not enough of the contemporary politician who recognizes that restoring the integrity of the Empire was for the Russian people and for the Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians, a positive development, it is in their interest.

USSR practically helped the Baltic states, the true occupation of the Third Reich. During the "occupation" of Russian Union from 1939 to 1991 year Estonia lost repression of 5-7 thousand people, with about 30 thousand were deported, we will not go into the details of that. Nazis with incomplete 1941 to 1944 in Estonia destroyed 80 thousand, 70 thousand have fled from the "civilize". In less than 4 years was destroyed half of the industry, selected almost all livestock, agriculture virtually destroyed. And when Russian authorities "invaders" Baltic flourished, was "a showcase of the USSR."

In Lithuania, during the Russian authorities were repressed 32 thousand people (check — it does not mean that killed perhaps exiled, or planted in a year or two), the Nazis only at the physical level, destroyed 270 thousand people of Lithuania.

In Latvia, the Russian government repressed about 20-30 thousand people, the Nazis killed 150 thousand.

And if you remember Berlin plans (plan "Ost" and other developments), the residents of the Baltic States is very lucky that the reddish Army won. All three people were considered inferior and subject to the destruction of part, part of eviction to the Urals, part of being a servant of the new owners, this place going to repopulate the Germans (already had the experience of the Teutonic, the Livonian Order).

— Prosecutors do not take into account the logic of war. In Moscow, were sitting not stupid and know that approaching a terrible global war. This peaceful years may be allowed to be an artificial construct, and during the war — it's a springboard. If you do not take this the terrain itself, it will take Berlin, and "pluck" it can not be there — this is war. It is a terrible strategic failure: the collapse of the Russian Empire, and so we lost the big areas, including Finland, Poland, the western boundary shifted to the threatened proximity to Leningrad and Moscow. The further be able to Moscow move abroad to the west, the better, the more time to mobilize.

Imagine for a moment, we have not taken the Baltics, and Hitler took. In fact, the Wehrmacht came to Leningrad September 6, 1941 are essentially "stale." From Estonia to Leningrad nothing — 120 km, if a group of armies "North" struck from the Baltic states, how much time it would be useful to get to the second capital of the Union?. 5 or 10 days? Well, the division could be the freshest.

— We should not forget that of the military and strategic studies nuance Baltics, Bessarabia and well as human and economic resources. They have not been fully applied by the enemy. The Baltic countries jointly fielded 11 divisions, one cavalry brigade, two cavalry regiments, one armored brigade, one armored regiment, 12 artillery regiments. In wartime, the Baltic countries exhibited a total of more than 420 thousand soldiers. If Hitler had occupied this area, it would be able to use this power against the Soviet Union. And Berlin excluding punitive able to generate only three Baltic Waffen SS division. This is despite the fact that on our side of the war were 3 cases of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian. Then, due to their low combat capability, formed a new part: 130th Latvian Rifle Corps, 8th Estonian Rifle Corps and the 16th Infantry Division of the Lithuanian. These parts of the war were entirely worthy. They participated in the liberation of the Baltic states in 1944-1945.

In addition, the Baltic fleet includes four submarines, Estonia and Latvia. And one of them, the Estonian "Lembit", was third in scoring in the Russian navy, sinking seven enemy ships and 17 transports.

Red Banner submarine "Lembit".

About Bessarabia

— On the relation of Moldovans themselves to the "occupation" of the USSR states that they actually participated in the war on the side of the Nazis. But the Moldovans honestly fought for the Soviet motherland, a lot.

— Moldova as a country and not in the stories. Moldova — it is part of the Russian Empire, which in the breakup of the empire invaded Romania. In Russia, no one recognized it. Stalin had just claimed his return from Romania that Romania did.

— Moscow also made the "embryo" of the Moldovan statehood — the Moldavian SSR, slaughtered her another area and Little Russia, Transnistria.

— Life Moldovans from returning to the empire just got better. Modern Moldovans sure of a good life are moving to work in Russia, Romania, the countries of the Euro Union?

— Romania militant belonged to the Soviet Union, also captured its terrain — Bessarabia. Bucharest torn, make friends with anyone? From Paris and London or Berlin. In the end, chose Berlin, one in the "tossing" the Allies had not been seen, the example of Poland was in Romania in the eyes. The Soviet Union and also decided purely military-strategic task: as in the case Baltic — pushed the frontier westward.

Result

The political elite USSR acted because supposed to act normal management of the country's approach to the criteria of the Great War. M
oscow acted in strategic and tactical interests of the country and their own people. At the same time, and in the interests of the Baltic peoples and Moldovans are from the "occupation" of Moscow have benefited by saving thousands of lives and economic benefits. USSR almost immediately began to invest heavily in the development of these areas with a total empire.

Chisinau. June 28, 1940, thousands of people took to the streets to meet reddish Army.

Sources:
Diplomatic dictionary in three volumes. Moscow, 1985.
Pykhalov I. Lofty slander war. Moscow, 2006.
Our homeland and the USSR in the wars of the XX century: Statistical study, M., 2001.
Taylor A. The second global war / / second global war: Two eye. M., 1995.

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