As told "Izvestia", the command of the troops aerospace defense led timing tests of a new missile complex A-235 "aircraft-M". Some sources in the command of the troops ASD said the publication that the main test works will take place in the coming year. With all of this source is not able to determine with exact deadlines. According to him, the missiles and related equipment will be tested in the final weeks of the coming of spring or in autumn 2013. Soon after the test runs system A-235 will be put into service.
Anonymous source shared by some details of the tests. He argues that the aim of the future is to develop test launches of missiles 53T6 (Gazelle to systematize NATO), which will change the future of today's A-135 "aircraft" operated by the 70-ies of the last century. The main advantage of the latest launch is the possibility of introducing a nuclear warhead, as the A-135, or the latest kinetic. "News" provides information about the causes of the kinetic warhead: the development of electronic technologies to the real-time ability has led to a significant increase in precision guided missiles. As a result, the rocket complex A-235 is claimed, can be induced on target with the precision of a few cm
In the article "News" also provides a fascinating comparison of the A-235 air defense missile systems S-400 and S-500. In favor of the "Jet-M" is a high altitude (up to 30 km) and long range (up to 100 km) interception. Another advantage is called the A-235 high speed intercepted purposes. At the same time, according to the views of the creators of publication, anti-aircraft missile complex is inferior on the basis of the missile guidance to the target. Radio command guidance system "Jet-M" declared net. But an anonymous source "News" agrees with the need such technical solutions. According to him, the failure to use the equipment for self-guidance is justified by the fact that when flying at altitudes around the huge missile appears accumulation of plasma. As a consequence, the seeker has no ability to effectively target search. In this case, guidance missile to the target can be only a control signal bulk lots.
At first glance, excellent news about the development of Russian anti-missile systems. But a closer look into the eyes throws a number of relevant things that put a swing at a minimum, competent source "in the command of ASD." Start from the first and deal with the issue of names and time of creation systems. In 1-x, it should be noted that the names of the A-135, A-235 and 53T6 really relate to real specimen of military equipment. But even here there are errors. A person familiar with the history of Russian missile technology, would immediately saw the error with a designated period setting to watch the A-135 system. In fact in the 70 years of Moscow was set to defend A-35M. With regard to the A-135 "Cupid", at that time had just begun its development. In 1990, it began trial operation, and in 1995 it adopted it. Also worth separately the brakes on a rocket 53T6 (IRS-1). Such ammunition really exist, but the creation of a batch of these missiles was terminated in 1993. Since that time, often conducted test launches, the purpose of which is to check the status of existing missiles and extend their warranty period. According to various estimates, the total number of assembled missiles 53T6 is approximately five hundred. One tenth of this amount was used during testing.
Project A-235 also exists. Development work on "The plane-M" were deployed soon after the start of construction of the complex systems of the A-135. The vast majority of disk imaging on this project so far classified, but some facts have already appeared in the public domain. According to reports, the current time is really missile tests are conducted for this complex, but it is not the system 53T6 A-135, and 53T6M, which is a modernization of the previous anti-missile weapon. According to open sources, the current upgrade is to install on a new rocket motor and electronics refreshed. Also, apparently some changes endured launcher and ground computer system. First start 53T6M was made in November last year. In the future, this rocket, may become a means of intercepting system A-235. With existing properties 53T6M rocket can be used to intercept ballistic targets at short ranges. According to the creators of the guesswork website Military Russia, may be the emergence of medium and long range, which will storm the targets at ranges of more than a thousand kilometers and at an altitude of 500-600 km. But at the current time it is clear that there 53T6M only rockets.
Data on the type of warhead missile refreshed until published. With a little bit of a big probability it can be argued that after the modernization of the missile 53T6 with the letter "M" keeps a nuclear warhead. With all this development of technology allows us to represent the use of non-nuclear weapons, including the transport. For example, the South American anti-missile missile SM-3 uses exactly this principle defeat intercept target. At speed missiles in 2500-2700 meters per second, and that of the same or higher speed targets clash with anti-missile intercepted an object leads to the complete destruction of the structure of both. Because the presence of the ability to ensure its proper guidance accuracy can simplify the design of the rocket, moving from its structure comparable languid nuclear or high-explosive warhead. At the same time, the kinetic interception requests special guidance accuracy and, as a consequence, complicates the missile electrical equipment. According to a vserasprostranennomu opinion, rocket 53T6M, like its predecessor, will carry a warhead with high-explosive or nuclear lethality.
The introduction of radio command guidance system used on all past Russian interceptors and one hundred percent justified. Its main advantage — to simplify and facilitate the missile control system. In addition, the high-spirited design of the line of target movement and development teams manage requests respective computing power, which until that time, would be located only on the ground. As a consequence, the rocket 53T6M retain command guidance by signals sent from the ground. As regards the so-called plasma cocoon, it is not justified by the formation of altitude and speed. When moving missile at hypersonic speeds around it appears a layer of air passed into the plasma state. He escapes all radio signals, causing the Russian designers had to apply a fascinating solution. All antennas are 53T6 missiles such size and shape as the "punch through" the plasma layer. For the screening of ionized gas during the flight, they are sprayed with freon. So Makar, a dense cloud of plasma formed small holes, allowing to receive radio signals from the ground.
In conjunction with the ground-based computing equipment and the unusual performance of the receiving antennas way radio command guidance missile 53T6 provides the highest accuracy. With all of this certain number of differences from the goal has not been published. Information about the project A-235 allows you to imagine that the accuracy of the missiles hit 53T6M at least a little surpass the basic characteristics of the structure.
As already mentioned, most of the disk imaging on the proj
ect until the A-235 is hidden. Yet, not so long ago — in 2010 and 2011 — in some media disk imaging appeared information about the work to restore production of certain devices for missiles. This fact is hinted at future missile 53T6. Perhaps that is stored in the warehouses of products will be converted to a state 53T6M.
The total secrecy of the project can not confidently talk about the follow-up to the process of applets "Plane-M", as the timing of testing and adopting. In principle, one could listen to the words of an anonymous source "Izvestia". But quite a number of blunders in his words can fluctuate truth expressed disk imaging. Naturally, the source of the newspaper may not be the case for the technical part of the project and know only the most common things an administrative plan. Yet, competence "representative Command troops EKR" allows you to fluctuate not only in his words, and the very existence of such a high-ranking source. Because of this, most reasonable to take into account the voiced "Izvestia" information, but not to make them too far-reaching conclusions. In the criteria of total privacy Project A-235, as well as in many other cases, it is better to wait for official information from the Ministry of Defence or the organizations involved in the implementation of anti-applets.
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