In November 1918, ended the first global war, but it could not lead to a complete "modernization" of the world, which started the global "financial Internationale." The main objective of the First World War, was a radical reconstruction of Europe and Russia: the elimination of monarchical empires — the German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Russian, the spread of republican forms of municipal devices (on the model of France and the United States).
It is curious that this is understood and some thinkers of the time, so in 1910 the Russian political scientist NN Beklemishev in his work "Invisible Empire", it was dedicated to the nuances of the euro monetary capital, noted that the previous operation of the states and peoples associated with the monarchical form of government was the "bill." It has led to a drop in profits due to the growth of the "appetite" of yards, bureaucracy and other reasons.
But after the crushing of empires and the creation of a more feeble, small countries, "New World Order" under the auspices of the United States do not work out. The objectives of the European and American clan dispersed, the Europeans did not want to complete domination of the United States in the world.
Therefore, immediately after the end of World War I began training other World War II, which was to approve the South American World Order on the planet. Americans have directed attention to the other big countries, who were dissatisfied with the outcome of the war — Germany, Italy, the USSR and Japan. For example, January 15, 1920 Commander South American troops on the ground in Germany, General G. Allen did in his diary entry that Germany is a country that is more than capable of successfully wage war against Bolshevism. Besides war and expansion at the expense of the Russian Federation permanently diverted to the East Germans. Therefore, a powerful and at the same time being in the money according to the Yankee Germany had become the main military force of the United States in Europe.
Americans believed that the Pacific Ocean is their area of influence, because it is necessary to weaken the main contenders — England and Japan. At the Washington Conference of 1921-1922, the Americans forced the British to terminate the Anglo-Japanese Alliance in 1902. So Makar, they became a favorite of the APR, because individually Japan and British Empire gave way to the United States.
In Italy in 1922, Mussolini came to power, which began an aggressive policy of the British and French in the Mediterranean region and in Africa.
Immediately began the conquest of Germany, there is a bet made on the not yet known in the world of "National Socialist German Workers' Party" led by Adolf Hitler. As the biographer of Hitler I. Fest specifically since 1922, begin funding Hitler from various anonymous sources in countries such as Czechoslovakia, Sweden and Switzerland in particular. According to him, the fall of 1923, the other day the famous "Beer Hall Putsch" Hitler went back to Zurich and from there, in his own words, with a suitcase of money. However, to repeat the "blitzkrieg" Italian fascists did not succeed, but the party said it for himself in Germany.
A very strong position in the South American capital money was in the Soviet Union, the situation is quite recall Trotsky, who almost became the new leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Lenin. The least significant figures were even higher.
The main purpose of the United States in Europe was Germany. Realizing that to achieve full of success should increase its financial and economic impact, the Americans decided to bring the case to the German colonization of the British currency, so that undermine the French — Paris did not want to restore the economic strength of Berlin. French rival in Europe was not needed. Economic penetration facilitated the heavy post-war position of the German economy, especially heavy industry, for which external markets were closed, to the same country and stripped of her few colonies.
The Dawes Plan
In January 1923 the French under the pretext of the termination payment of reparations by Germany sent troops into the Rhineland, established the control over the Ruhr industrial areas. In the Weimar Republic there was a crisis situation — the economy was even more disorganized, began hyperinflation, mass rallies, ceased to revolt under the Communists. Immediately London and Washington made diplomatic pressure on Paris to demand to withdraw troops.
To stabilize the situation in April 1924 South American businessman, General Charles Dawes has put forward a number of proposals that have received the title of "Dawes Plan". It was placed on a new procedure for the payment of reparations by Germany, their size was given in accordance with the economic powers of the Weimar Republic — in 1924, Berlin had to pay reparations in the amount of 1 billion. gold marks, and by 1928 the amount of payments was planned to increase to 2.5 billion dollars. brands. And to start the work of the German economy, the country granted an international loan. Paris had to withdraw by 31 July 1925, it marked the end of the dream of the French leadership in Europe and a weak Germany.
The contract was signed in August 1924 by the English Conference. This allowed the return of Germany's economy. Thus, in the years 1924-1929 Berlin was on the "Dawes Plan" of the United States — 2500000000. bucks from England — 1500000000. bucks. It was a tremendous sum in those days, for example, one dollar since corresponded approximately $ 100 in 1999, ie at the rate of 1999, Germany received around 400 billion. bucks. The Germans were able to almost completely modernize the real base of the industry, creating the basis for a future militarization. One of the creators and performers of "Dawes Plan", a German banker Schacht, summing up the actions of the plan in 1929, with the satisfaction of said Berlin for 5 years received as much foreign debts as they got America in the 40 years that preceded the First World War . By 1929, Germany was ahead of industrial production the UK — reaching a level of 12% of world production.
In 1929, the South American investments in Weimar Germany amounted to 70% of all foreign finansovlozheny and being, a significant portion of their money group was made Morgan. Virtually South American financial-industrial clans (with the participation of British colleagues) returned the German economy, without their coming to power of Hitler and the beginning of the war would have been impossible, besides, they were under his control a significant part of the German economy. For example: owned by the Rockefeller clan "Standard Oil" controlled the entire German refining branch and the creation of synthetic fuel from coal. Henry Ford controlled 100% of the shares of the company "Volkswagen". Morgan clan belonged to the entire German chemical industry in the face of "IG Farbenidustri ". Morgans owned American company communications ITT, through it, they controlled 40% of the German telephone network to a third of the country and shares the aircraft company "Focke-Wulf." In addition, Morgan through the "General Electric" controlled the German radio and electrical industry in the face of German companies "AEG", "Siemens", "Osram". Through the "General Motors" House of Morgan produced a control carmaker "Opel". Monetary capital controlled the U.S. major banks such as "Deutsche Bank", "Dresdner Bank", "Donut Bank" and other such Makarov, even before Hitler came to power, the United States controlled the
main sectors of the economy in Germany, its money.
Charles Gates Dawes (1865 — 1951), Council of the USA, a businessman and the military.
Locarno Treaties 1925
In October, the Swiss Locarno International Conference was held. In the process she had broken international isolation of Germany, weakened the position of France. In exchange for the additional political and legal security guarantees Paris virtually abandoned its own influence in Eastern Europe in favor of Berlin. The country's so-called. "Little Entente" — Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Greece were opened for access in Germany, and the means and the United States. For example, almost lost by the military alliance of France and Poland (1921). Berlin began to open the way to the east, but the western borders were declared inviolable guarantees in respect of the eastern borders of Germany was not given.
The rise of the Soviet Union and Germany
Our homeland was restored as a global power. This is read as much of the data. Was a process of destruction of the "fifth column" in Russian Union. There were no positive results from the diplomatic and media pressure on Moscow, like the assault in April 1927, the Chinese police in Beijing, Russian Embassy, then killed some of our diplomats, or when the June 7, 1927 in Warsaw, was killed by Russian salting Voikov (after Poland obtained a loan U.S. military needs). The growth of military industrial might of the Union.
Therefore, the United States stepped up support for Hitler and his party. Since the end of 1926, after it became clear that the Trotskyite-Zinoviev bloc was defeated and it was decided on a course of industrialization (XV Congress of the CPSU (b)), ie, the Soviet Union became industrialized, self-sufficient power, to Adolf Hitler again begins to receive cash flows from various sources inside Germany and abroad. Since the end of 1928, when the Union of the action begins when the first five years and at the end of 1929, Russian top political control agents have been eliminated the last effects of "financial International" headed by Bukharin (so-called. "Right Opposition"), is an amplification financing of Hitler and his party. Now the main funding came through the German banks and corporations.
In the spring of 1930 in Weimar Germany was ousted from power in a coalition government led by the Social Democrat G. Muller. He has come to replace the government G. Bruening, which consisted only of members of right-wing parties. So Makarov, was completed during the reign of the Social Democrats in Germany 1918-1930 period. The process for phasing out of bourgeois democracy, so called. "During the presidential governments" 1930-1933 period.
In July 1930 Chancellor Heinrich Brüning dissolved the Reichstag, although it might go exclusively in 1932. This step is done in order to exploit the discontent of the population and the economic crisis to reincarnate the NSDAP in the largest parliamentary party. And so it was, took place on September 14, 1930 the new elections to the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic Nazis received 6.8 million votes (in the last election in 1928 — they received 800 thousand votes) and 107 seats in Parliament (1928 — received a total of 12 seats). British and South American press welcomed the success of the German Nazis.
In autumn 1930, the United States visited the chairman of the Weimar Reichsbank Hjalmar Schacht. He discussed with his South American employees details of the coming arrival of Adolf Hitler to power. In October 1931, in the town of Harzburg was a meeting of prominent German bankers and industrialists together with the noblemen and generals. At the meeting there was Hitler. J. Schacht brought to the attention of all present outlook of the Yankees need to establish a dictatorship of the Nazis in Germany.
Follow-up of the USSR only confirmed the correctness of the chosen course: first Russian five-year plan has not failed, as expected in the West. And if in 1928, the Alliance has imported up to 81% of industrial equipment and machinery — in the main from the U.S., Germany and the UK, while in 1931 this figure had fallen to 17.8%.
At the end of May 1932, under pressure from the German financial and industrial, aristocratic circles — so-called. "Gentlemen's club" took down the government of Bruening. The subsequent government — Franz von Papen was also temporary, and paved the way for the coming of Hitler. In November 1932, a huge 17 German financiers and industrialists to President von Hindenburg (Reich President of the Weimar Republic from 1925 to 1934) a letter from the requirement to appoint Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor.
First, in January 1933 in the estate of banker Schroeder near Cologne, there was another meeting of the German financiers on which the final decision was taken — for months to bring Hitler to power. This was made at the end of January 1933.
"Finance International" not only made the seat of war in Europe — in Italy and Germany, and in the East, supporting the exchange rate for the Japanese militarization and anger against the adjoining nations.
Initially, the Americans have limited the impact of the Land of the Rising Sun: after the First World War, the U.S. had broken the Japanese alliance with the British and forced them to pull out of China and the Russian Far East. The United States supported China's Nationalist government under Chiang Kai-shek, but they soon gave up on it. KMT failed to suppress the Chinese Communist movement and the general's feudal factions. The crushing defeat of Chinese troops in Manchuria, Chiang Kai-shek's forces of Russian Far Eastern Army in November-December 1929, the United States has shown the inability to use the mode of nationalists as a valid tool for external pressure on the Russian armed alliance in the Far East.
In the Far East needed a force that would restrain the growth of military and economic might of the Soviet Union and restore order in China. The choice fell on the Japanese empire. Japan was in need of markets for their own goods and sources of raw materials (this was in China) and capital for the development of the industry (this could assist the United States). The position of the U.S. in the coming war against the land of the rising sun China has identified the South American President Herbert Clark Hoover (1929 to 1933). In his view, the Chinese government can not maintain order in their own country, many areas are kept under the control of the Communists, who are guided by the Soviet Union, is an independent policy control of Manchuria. On the Chinese "territory anarchy reigns, that quite unacceptable."
United States believed that the Japanese invasion of Northeast China will strengthen the regime of Chiang Kai-shek dependence of the Yankees and eventually lead to war with the Empire of Japan Russian Union.
In 1930, Washington has pushed the Japanese to the outer expansion: in June the U.S. increment customs duties on products of the Land of the Rising Sun by 23% and that almost one hundred percent closed to the Japanese market of its own. Japanese export products fell immediately by 40%. Financial dependence on the U.S. and the need to find other markets for their own products forced the Japanese government to launch a takeover of Manchuria. When in September 1931 the inhabitants of the country of the rising sun invaded Manchuria, the Americans pressed the Chiang Kai-shek and he ordered the troops to retreat without a fig
ht. During this anger (18 months) United States provided assistance to the Land of the Rising Sun by 182 million dollars.
Virtually foreign policy Land of the Rising Sun has been agreed with the Yankees: in 1933 on the orders of Washington — Japan and Germany came out of the League of Nations. In 1937, with the consent of the United States, the Empire of Japan begins the latest war in China. The main objective of this war — to undermine the position of Britain and France in China, expanding the impact of the Yankees, expand the base for the war with the Soviet Union.
In order to divert the attention of Moscow from the events taking place around Czechoslovakia, the inhabitants of the country of the rising sun in July and August 1938, on the orders of the United States, organized a provocation at Lake Khasan. Through year residents of the country of the rising sun had a war in Mongolia — actions Halkin-Gol. This distracted from the Soviet invasion of Poland and Germany were forced to accept the offer of Berlin on the pact of non-aggression, and burn more troops, equipment to the East, weakening the defenses on the western borders.
The United States is generously funded the Japanese empire to snare the Union of Russian forces in the Far East. Thus, only in 1938 has provided financial group Morgan Tokyo loans of 125 million dollars. A total U.S. aid to the Land of the Rising Sun in the years 1937-1939 amounted to 511 million dollars.
So Makar, South American financial industry on the planet have made two centers of the future world war — in Europe (Germany and Italy) and Asia (Japan). These countries were to become and become "cannon fodder" in the construction of the "New World Order" of the U.S..
Avarin VY struggle for the Pacific. Japanese-American conflict. Moscow, 1952.
The history of the second World War, 1939-1945. in 12 volumes. Volume 1. Moscow, 1973.
AN elderly who urged Hitler to Stalin poruha. St. Petersburg., 2008.
Marushkin BI South American policy of "non-interference" and the Japanese anger in China, 1937-1939,. Moscow, 1957.
Shambarov V. anti-Soviet. M., 2011.
Shearer, W. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. Moscow, 2009.
R. Epperson invisible hand. St. Petersburg., 1999.