Otitis externa

Otitis externa.  Image source www.ecureme.com

Outer Otitis — inflammatory disease external auditory meatus (external ear department). The disease occurs at any age, but most often in children.


Development otitis externa promote:

  • skid infection
  • injury with a sharp object (pin, a toothpick)
  • ingress and accumulation of moisture in the external auditory meatus.

Most often, external otitis occurs when regular contact with the ear with water (while swimming), so this form of otitis media is sometimes called "swimmer's ear".

What's going on?

Otitis externaoccurs if the skin enters the ear canal infection. Thus skin blushes, and the slit-like passage narrows due to edema. Often there appears translucent discharge.


  • Limited external otitis — Usually it boil, or inflammation of the hair follicle in the outer ear canal. The prerequisites for its occurrence can be microtrauma skin and decreased body resistance. Boil is not visible from the outside, but its presence can be assumed from indirect evidence, such as ear pain that is worse when touched and chewing, parotid lymph nodes. After several days of ripe abscess is opened, and the pain subsides.
  • Diffuse otitis externa — inflammation extends to the entire auditory passage. It may be bacterial, allergic (proceeds on the type of eczema, dry or wet), fungal — otomycosis. One of the causes of otitis externa — erysipelas, Group B streptococcal A. Infection occurs through the cracks, damaged skin. The disease begins with fever up to 39 º C and above, there is a fever, the child refuses to eat. Pinna with red, swells, the skin of the ear canal often appear bubbles.

If otitis externa patients have pain in the ear, aggravated by sipping for the ear. It is also possible pain in the ear when opening the mouth, itching. With the opening of the boil appear purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor.

Diagnosis and treatment

If you have pain in the ear should consult an audiologist.

The doctor will assess the general condition of the child and determine the strategy of fighting the disease, depending on its cause (pathogen). In mild disease can restrict local treatment at home — lotions, ointments, balms. Often prescribe the introduction of the external auditory passage turundae gauze moistened with 70% alcohol, hot compress, physiotherapy (solljuks, current UHF), vitamin therapy.

In severe cases, hospitalization is shown in the hospital, and adding to the local treatment of general therapy — anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, etc. In the formation of an abscess shows his autopsy. In all cases, the drugs should be prescribed by a doctor, self-medication is not allowed.

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