The last modification of an old Russian good system S-125 is a "Pechora-2M", made in the middle of the 2000s. Configuration when upgrading touched in the main electronics of the complex, which has received new powers by means of electronic warfare confrontation and anti-radar missiles of the enemy. This is the version of the S-125 at the time intrigued military government of Venezuela. Not so long ago, it became clear that the signing of the contract and the following supplies will eventually have allowed Caracas to deploy the first vsepolnotsennuyu battery of anti-aircraft missile systems. According to the press service of the Venezuelan Ministry of Defense, a new air defense system will cover the area of the international airport of the town of Las Piedras and a large industrial area, next to him.
Total for the Venezuelan Ministry of Defense plans in the coming years will be created 10 such districts defense. This upgrade air defense is conducted in accordance with applets CADAI, entailing a new air defense missile systems and related systems of the order of 100 million U.S. dollars. As a result, procurement and deployment of new air defense systems will be protected from attack by the entire territory of Venezuela. In addition, according to unconfirmed reports, the term Caracas has to offer to its neighbors — Guyana and Colombia — to make a unified air defense system. But the formal proof of this disk imaging not. Available to the public data they say that the order of Venezuela will deliver 11 battery systems "Pechora-2M". First battery of the order arrived in Venezuela in the past year, and in February of this new "Pechora" for the first time took part in the parade.
A few words on the real part. The composition of each battery systems "Pechora-2M" comes eight self-propelled launchers on MZKT-8021-020. Any of them immediately carries two missiles of various types. Also relies on each battery station missile-guidance-125-2M-mounted chassis MZKT-80211-020. In addition, the disposal of batteries available freight, freight charges the other machines on the basis of truck "Ural-4320", etc. It is easy to calculate how much of the anti-aircraft missiles can be immediately deployed by Venezuelan military.
Despite the great age, the C-125 in the version of "Pechora-2M" is essentially a modernized air defense system. The fact that large configurations consisting of various equipment can speculate sufficient combat effectiveness, which has a "Pechora-2M". Yet, a significant portion of units and units defected to the latest modification does not unusual from the C-125 the very first version and have the corresponding age. All this in totality gives some grounds to fluctuate highest efficiency "Pechora-2M" and, as a consequence, the ability to resist the modern technology of the enemy. But in favor of decent properties of the new SAM system can read a good experience of early versions of the introduction of more With-125 in the number of conflicts. For example, during the Vietnam War, this complex was a true headache for American pilots. One of the latest applications is recognizable to the Balkan conflicts of the late 90's. Then the older C-125 all-were able to kill a certain number of NATO aircraft. Moreover, according to several sources, specifically anti-aircraft gunners at the rate of anti-aircraft missile system S-125 was shot down vaunted South American F-117A.
Of course, the unique C-125 at the moment is no longer practically no danger to the aircraft of the enemy. In this regard, it is necessary to make upgrades. Need to see that in such a huge amount of improvement needed states, but not our native land, where C-125 were retired quite a long time. So Makar, the modernization of the complex was a purely commercial project. For whatever their reasons for not upgrading the complex came from the NGO "Diamond" (the creator of the C-125), a brand new company founded by immigrants from the "Diamond". Of "Defense Systems", first beheld improvement of the complex in the substitution of electrical equipment. Because both of their development — "Pechora-2" and "Pechora-2M" — instead of tube equipment are transistorized. It is possible to considerably improve the performance of electrical systems, also reduce the size of the complex. In addition, some units and as a result, features were borrowed from the anti-aircraft missile system S-300P. In addition to the available detection and targeting of the equipment "Pechora-2M" was introduced by the optical-weather radar complex with a television and thermal imaging channels. Specifically, the optical system Target detection is one of those innovations that allow you to "Pechora-2M" to work in the criteria for electronic countermeasures of the enemy, including the application of their anti-radar missiles. In the end, all the components are installed on a refreshed set of self-propelled chassis, which allows you to quickly create a transfer of batteries and change the layout of individual launchers. With all of this last may be at a distance of 10 km from the command car. Relationship between the elements of the complex can be carried out using a wired (fiber) connection and the wireless channel. In light of the range of the order of 15-18 km missile (rocket 5V27) the possibility of dispersal launchers palpably builds the capacity of the battery, especially in the case of small countries. According to various estimates, the properties of a refreshed C-125 is tightly close to that of S-300PM and even C-300PMU. Taking into account the price of modernization of old times-125 or the production of new "Pechora-2M", it is easy to understand the enthusiasm of such an official to Caracas upgraded anti-aircraft missile systems.
Shortly before the Venezuelan "Pechora-2M" was adopted by several countries, namely, Mongolia and Egypt. Also, some countries, such as Vietnam, the currently considering upgrading t
he existing S-125 or the purchase of new modifications of the SAM. In all this we must not forget the fact that not only Russian company engaged in the creation of improved variants of S-125. So, in the last 10 years, Belarus has introduced two options immediately upgrade the C-125. Yet, Venezuela elected specifically Russian complex "Pechora-2M". Explanation for this outright several pluses Russian SAMs. In 1-x, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez has long been said about his own intentions to build vsepolnotsennuyu air defense system of the country, divided into several levels. Our homeland, in turn, offered not only themselves anti-aircraft missile systems, and the whole system of communication and coordination in general. In 2-x modernization C-125 from the "Defense Systems" has little in the best performance of the economy of operation and maintenance than its competitors zabugornye. In the end, "Pechora-2M" absolutely and necessarily compatible with old missile system S-125, which allows a country that has sufficient supplies of ammunition, do not throw out the funds to buy new missiles and disposal of old times. So Makar, Venezuela will be able to take advantage of some time an old SAM, for example for training purposes, as well as the need to take finalized.
Besides the "Pechora-2M" Venezuela recently to get from Russia a large number of other means of defense. It will be a division of S-300VM, three divisions systems "Buk-M2E", 300 anti-aircraft machine ZU-23/ZOM4, as 11 of the P-18M and a range of equipment for the creation of a unified air defense system. In general, the cooperation of the states has its positive consequences: Venezuela gets protective own air space, and the Russian company — orders for a decent amount.
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