Japanese scientists claim to have discovered the oldest of the currently existing plants. They published today in Tokyo, results of decoding the genome of this organism. He became the first representative of organic life on earth, which appeared decorated cell nucleus — before the planet was inhabited by not having them primitive bacteria and viruses, the researchers said.
We are talking about the single-celled algae (Latin name Cyanidioschyzon merolae), which lives in hot springs in Italy, and, according to biologists, there are 2 billion years. About her membership in the vegetable kingdom evidenced by the presence of genes that are associated with the process of photosynthesis. The genetic map was a group of scientists from the University of Ricky, the National Institute of Genetic Research, and a number of other structures.
They hope that further study will allow a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of evolution, not only of plants, but generally all higher organisms including man. In practical terms, a heat-resistant algae genome may lead to the creation of new drugs. ITAR-TASS.