Shahr-Suhte — Urban settlement of the Bronze Age. And everything seems as normal, but it is here that the unique artifacts have been found: the world's first prosthetic eyeball, the first attempts animation, dice, and much more …
Shahr-Suhte and archaeological monument, which is the remains of the Bronze Age urban settlement, presumably dzhiroftskoy culture. Discovered in'll stay Sistan and Baluchestan in the southeast of Iran on the bank of the Helmand River in Zahedan-Zabol road.
Occupying an area of 151 hectares, Shahr-Suhte belonged to the largest cities at the dawn of human civilization. The city has arisen around 3200 BC. e. City took place in four stages of development, and has been burning three times before it was finally abandoned in 2100 BC. e. The remains of the city were discovered in 1967 Since 1970, here are constantly carrying out the excavation team of Iranian and Italian archaeologists, periodically publishes reports on all the new discoveries.
In December 2006, archaeologists discovered the oldest here prosthetic eyeball, hemispherical shape with a diameter of just over 2.5 cm It is made of very light material, presumably bitumen paste. The surface of the artificial eye is covered with a thin layer of gold, engraved in the center of his circle (representing the iris) with golden lines radiating in the form of rays. Women's remains, which is found next to the artificial eye, had a height 1.82 m — much higher than for the average woman of that time. On both sides of the artificial eye was fine holes are drilled, which is passed through the gold wire, through which the eye was fixed in the orbit. Microscopic studies have found traces of gold wire, which suggests that the artificial eye was used continuously. The skeleton dates back to the period of about 2900-2800 years. BC. e.
During excavations uncovered ancient accessories for backgammon, dice and caraway seeds together with numerous metal objects (including slag and pieces of the boiler).
Additional points of interest found in the excavations — a human skull with traces of trepanation. And yet, before you — as many scientists, the earliest samples of animation created about 5,000 years ago.
This cup of raw clay (10 cm high, 8 cm in diameter) was discovered during excavations at Shahr-Suhte ("burnt city") in Iran (province of Sistan and Baludzhestan).
Watch Ancient civilization Jiroft (Iran)