9.09.11.Dve powerful X-ray flare that occurred on the eve of the sun, can cause magnetic storm on Earth, which is expected to start on Friday, September 9, the head of the center space weather forecasts of the Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation Sergey Gaidash.
Geomagnetic storms — is strong perturbations of the magnetic field of the Earth, which occur due to strong emission of ionized particles from the solar atmosphere. High-speed solar wind streams (ionized particles from the solar atmosphere) hit the Earth's magnetosphere, if the planet is in their way.
As a result of solar flares into space off huge amounts of matter (mostly protons and electrons), some of which is moving at a speed of 400-1000 km / s, for one — two days reaches the earth's atmosphere. The magnetic field of the Earth from outer space captures the charged particles. Too much flux of particles disturbs the magnetic field of the planet, making hard and fast changing characteristics of the magnetic field.
Geomagnetic storms affect many areas of human activity, from which you can select interruption, navigation spacecraft, the occurrence of surface charges on the transformers and even the destruction of pipelines and power systems.
Magnetic storms also affect the health and wellbeing of people. They are dangerous especially for those who suffer from hypertension and hypotension, heart disease. Approximately 70% of heart attacks, strokes and hypertension crises occurs during solar storms.
Source: RIA Novosti
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