Researchers working on the program SETI — Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence — dream of one, get a firm signal from a distant aliens that are trying to contact us. But imagine that once the signal reaches and will be thoroughly tested and proven, and it will be equivalent to the power of the signal WOW, once received a radio telescope in Ohio in 1977.
We congratulate each other together, clap scientists, they will receive their prize. And then there is another question. What to do next? Whether to send a signal to scientists in response, they say, we got your message, let's get started, hello?
Or should listen to Stephen Hawking, who in 2010 warned that we should avoid contact with aliens, so as not to run into them in a bloody (or whatever they shed) fight?
This question scientists have been discussed for a long time. Back in 1960 at the Brookings Institution in Washington has issued a special document, which examined the potential risks of contact with an extraterrestrial civilization.
Consequences in any case be unpredictable, but they will depend primarily on how we, humans, who can not find a common language, even within our human society, we will turn to the aliens. Even if the whole planet will convene to talk to aliens, obvious fact: the universe is dominated by only superior in strength and development of the society. The rest survive and change. And the better we can understand the factors affecting this type of situation, the better we will be prepared.
Brookings said that the U.S. government is carefully considering the potential public reaction to such a discovery — it can range from a sense of solidarity among the people to disorientation, paralyzing anxiety and panic fear of aliens, as in the films of the 1950s "War of the Worlds" and "The Day the Earth Stood Still. " Brookings proposed to study how terrestrial civilizations of the past to respond to the alarming discovery, before to clearly define, articulate news or keep the discovery a secret, that would be, in my opinion, absolutely disgusting.
That is exactly what scientists thought decades later, when they came to the conclusion that the discovery of extraterrestrial civilizations is too important an event to keep it a secret. So they began to try to coordinate the international response. In 1989, researchers at the SETI approved the protocol of contact with an extraterrestrial civilization, which was amended in 2010. Here is his most important principles:
1. Anyone who finds a signal, to make sure that the most likely explanation of its origin is extraterrestrial intelligence rather than natural or human noise, before moving on to the second step.
2. Before you make public the result, the discoverer must secretly warn other researchers SETI, so that they can confirm the presence of the signal and combine efforts to monitor him.
3. The discoverer shall notify the International astronomical community and the General Secretariat of the United Nations.
4. Do not respond to a signal to consultation with international agencies.
In 1993, the conference brought together SETI scientists from the U.S. and the then Soviet Union, NASA spokesman John Billingham introduced the document, calling it a "Protocol postobnaruzheniya SETI: what you need to do after the detection of a signal? '. Billingham noted that the complexity of the answer lies in the fact that the aliens for some time may know of our existence, and therefore had more time to observe and study, what they would be dealing with. He suggested that scientists and governments around the world to come to a common agreement on the protocol of contact. Anyone who would communicate with aliens must apply on behalf of the whole of civilization, and that treatment must be pre-installed protocol. In the actual report must contain the following information: the world there is intelligent life, we have taken the signal and understand it. There should also be information about what living organisms, including humans, live on the Earth, and the sender must encourage aliens to send additional messages to establish a dialogue.
In 2010, the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs began work on the creation of an international agreement concerning the minutes of contact. Head of Management, Malaysian astrophysicist Mazlan Othman told colleagues that extraterrestrial life in the universe is likely to be present because of how many planets we have found outside our solar system, and how much more there is to discover.
"When we make contacts, we need to get together and give a response that will take into account all the feelings, emotions and experiences related to the opening. It is the UN is a ready mechanism for such coordination. "
But despite the presence of a single protocol, scientists and political leaders have yet to face the dilemma that people have not dealt with the collision of Europeans and Native Americans in the late 15th century. We are haunted by the realization of what the consequences might be disastrous meeting between the two fundamentally different cultures, especially when one less technically savvy.
The document in 2011 entitled "Fear, pandemonium, equanimity and triumph: the response of people extraterrestrial civilization," the psychologist Albert Harrison noted that we have recreated the archetypes of strangers, and our public reaction to their appearance is almost ready. If they are "wise, kind and friendly" creatures, humanity will survive the new Golden Age, everything will be fine. "Catastrophic model" suggests that aliens are "threatening, imperialistic use force, bluff and pressure," intend to use our world or destroy it crave. There is a third option: the aliens are post-biological species, is compatible organic and technology, almost attained immortality.
In my view, this scenario will be the most unexpected, as earthlings have to revise the established concepts of life and death, and to abandon religious beliefs that we follow for centuries.
However, in the case of a favorable outcome, the aliens will be a lot to learn.
If you watched the sci-fi classic 1951 "The Day the Earth Stood Still," you remember the scene when Washington lands a flying saucer, and from it comes the alien Klaatu. In his hand he has something resembling earthly weapons. Once a soldier shoots Klaatu, the robot comes from the plate, easily cracked down on the soldiers and the tank turns into scrap metal. Wounded Klaatu lifts to reveal that his hand was a miniature telescope capable to look farther into space than Earth Observatory. In the text:
"It was a gift. For your president. (Sadly looks at the broken object). With it, he could observe life on other planets. "
Stop. Well, it's just a movie. The paradox is that the scene could well be real, we entered into contact with the aliens, who are likely to be far more advanced than we are. We are afraid of aliens, believing that they can win us or completely destroyed, and at least believe that they are friendly and just want to share with us their knowledge.
In 1995, Steven J. Dick of the U.S. Naval Observatory said that the discovery of extraterrestrial civilizations will have the same prodigious influence on science and our understanding of reality as the opening of Europe Greek science in the 12-13 centuries, or the discoveries of Copernicus in the early 1500's that the Sun, not the Earth is at the center of our solar system.
Many scholars, however, believe that aliens overdevelopment type does not make sense to conquer us. The civilization of this type is unlikely to want to visit, or to conquer us, as in the movie "Independence Day", where this civilization spread across the galaxy like locusts, capturing the world one by one and sucking out their resources dry. In fact, in space countless dead planets with rich mineral resources, and can be easily collected without contacting the stubborn local population. The ratio of this type of civilization to us could be compared with our attitude to the ants and ant-hill. We're not going to lean over the anthill and to offer its inhabitants beads and other trinkets, but rather we simply will not pay attention to them.
"For ants main danger is not that people suddenly want to invade or destroy the nest ant genus. The main danger is that anthill hurt people, and it just seemed like demolished. Do not forget that if we talk about the power consumption, the distance between this type of civilization and our civilization zero type is much greater than that between us and the ants. "
"Physics of the Impossible" by Michio Kaku
There are several areas of our development, which can significantly progress through contact with an extraterrestrial civilization:
1. Revealed the secret of traveling faster than the speed of light. It is assumed that the aliens who visit our planet will come out of nowhere, breaking a long distance. The nearest potentially habitable planet located in at least 13 light years from us. It is believed that the aliens would use technology similar to the warp engine, which predicted Miguel Alcubierre and is being developed in the laboratory of NASA, or anything else that lies beyond human imagination. Do aliens may also be anti-gravity technology, if you believe that UFOs can perform impossible stunts (well, and omit that their existence has not been proven). Of course, the alien visitors would like to share with us the new technologies.
2. Freedom from the limitations of our biology.
People are beginning to get used to the ideas of transhumanism — style exoskeletons and electronic devices, such as implantable microchips that correct vision. But if there is a reasonable view of extraterrestrial longer have even a few thousand years, they could easily become a full post-biological beings whose brains are merging of natural and artificial intelligence. Perhaps they do not even need a body — they are living in cars of its own design (let's hope that they do not like the "Terminator" Arnold Schwarzenegger — that would be too weird). This was in 2006, all spoke the same NASA scientist Stephen Dick. We could make a qualitative transition to the future with the help of transhumanist devices aliens.
3. Compensation for damage to the environment.
It is likely that the aliens with a much more advanced civilization have mastered planetary design — the ability to make important and specific changes in the environment. They could help us to fill holes in our atmosphere and reverse the destructive process of climate change.
4. Conflict Resolution.
International conflicts are killing people is far less than in the past — every year until 2010, died from war about 55,000 people. This is the third of deaths from accidents in 1980. But people still want to kill each other according to various estimates, and according to the UN, in 2011, around the world have committed 468,000 murders. If intelligent extraterrestrial species lives longer than us, they certainly have created a deadly technology at least as powerful as ours, well built, or "Death Star", which Earthlings have not enough money. However, further development of civilization would have to lead to conflict without violence. We could ask them to share with us this method, well, or get us to stop killing their own kind.
Remarkably, many theorists of extraterrestrial life agree on one thing: if in space, and there is a coalition of intelligent aliens of different races in this coalition, for its harmonious existence, received civilization reached a certain level of technological development, the understanding of the world and the main thing — to stop the internecine war. What we in the near future, do not shine.