Economist at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology; approx. Mixednews.ru) Daron Acemoglu asked the question, when was waiting for his son's birth. His most recent work examines the political, social and economic trends of the last hundred years, and then extrapolate them into the future.
Acemoglu drew attention to the grim prospect of growing inequality and environmental pollution, but also sees the positive side, among which, for example, advances in health care.
Environmental pollution around the world to
Industrialization in China means the possibility of serious deterioration in the CO emissions2
and climate change. The only way to slow down this process is the mass transition to a "clean" energy — the problem is complex and almost unattainable without reaching an agreement at the international level. "Clean" energy right now does not have enough market share to its successful growth and an increase in emissions can be devastating.
Islamic regimes fall
Young people in countries like Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia are increasingly aware of that power over their lives, which is owned by their governments. Expectations of political change among the people will lead to a further strengthening of enthusiasm and response. When change comes in the region, and women and minorities will fight for their rights, and stop the use of religion as a means of social control.
War can go into oblivion
The past 60 years, the number of wars between nations and civil wars began to wane, and in the next century this trend will continue. With the continuation of the process of education and the activities of international organizations to prevent wars, these conflicts are largely diminished. Institutions such as the UN, facilitate the resolution of disputes between states and can prevent a repeat of the Cold War. If you believe Acemoglu, our age has the potential to become peaceful.
People will live longer and healthier
New technologies, medicines and vaccines mean that the life expectancy of the future children will be higher than their parents. Diseases will decline, so that the world economy may experience a sharp rise. Progress will be achieved advanced countries, who will offer their services to overcome the difficulties nations of Asia and Africa.
Robots will work hard
Jobs in agriculture, industry and other sectors that use manual labor, as technology will be gradually reduced. These workers displace computers and robots. This process can throw billions of unskilled workers into poverty, or to provide them with better jobs and increase their incomes.
The middle class will continue to die
The benefits of improved technologies will get rich. Meanwhile, given that the Chinese workers will demand higher wages to rise and the demand for cheap labor. Thus, economic growth will increasingly uneven, and the gap between rich and poor — is wider than ever.
The world economy will prosper
China will continue to grow and begin to develop new areas of Asia and Africa, which can lead to improved quality of life. But we can not rely on the fact that all growth will take the developing country to support the overall development of the regions with high levels of consumption, mainly the U.S. and Europe will have to deal with their economic problems.
We will have automated cars
Much like in the last century, in the light of the next hundred years will see a great many technical innovations, the range of which extends from the automated cars to improved methods of treatment. It is unlikely that we are facing a shortage of fresh ideas, so the landscape around us will continue to evolve in a striking manner as before.
Democracy will take positions
In the U.S. democracy is on the defensive. The gap between rich and poor is growing, and participation in political decision-making requires money. Meanwhile, all over the world, people praise the Chinese authoritarian model. The result may be that the revolution of individual rights will cease or be deprived of all their conquests.