West Lupita alarm: Our homeland has pulled ahead in the development of submarines
The newspapers will not lie
With the adoption of the new adopted multipurpose nuclear submarine «Severodvinsk» (Series «Ash») Our homeland took the lead in submarine development, writes The Sunday Times.
«Suitable to end swim test submarine» Severodvinsk » mean number of views on the professionals that our homeland has pulled ahead in the development of underwater «- the newspaper notes. According to him, is to be completed next spring trial operation of this submarine, she interceded on combat duty in the Arctic.
«New Russian submarine fleet will have eight submarines series» Ash «, each of which has 24 long-range cruise missiles» Pomegranate » with a warhead of 200 kilotons — the newspaper. — Specifications newest submarine is such that it is impossible to find in the oceans, making the «Severodvinsk» virtually invulnerable in the face of the latest anti-weapons systems. «
«First, the emergence of the latest Russian submarine concerned U.S. — quoted as saying in the intelligence source. — We do not know half of what’s on board «Severodvinsk».
Nice to read. It has long been our submarine fleet is not praised.
I asked, «Ash»
On the very eve of the New Year — December 30 — the Northern Fleet has passed a landmark, without exaggeration, an event in the pre-holiday bustle tribute not received press coverage. Headache attack submarines 4th generation K-560 «Severodvinsk» was assigned to the Navy for trial operation.
The fate of «Ash», so called Project 885, evolved hard, but very symbolic. Zagadannoy in the USSR, founded in the most unpredictable for Russia, the project has gone through privatization, the Reformation, defaults, and was embodied in the metal, becoming realized it features the best underwater cruiser planet. And that means — hope for a technological breakthrough did not utopia.
Terms of reference for the project involved the creation of 885 submarines that anything is not supposed to give in the American series Seawolf — subs 4th generation, which in the U.S. was introduced into service in late 1980. Our boat had not only guaranteed to destroy any enemy squadron, and tightly cover the strategic submarines in their places of combat duty from those overseas «sea wolves». Developers coped with the task.
17 years without a win
The project was completed in 885 KB submarine Leningrad (now — St. Petersburg Naval Machinery Bureau «Malachite») by 1990. Boat had outstanding at the time the property. The project was the least she echoing than «Sea Wolf,» had a more massive arms and tremendous depth of immersion — approaching 1 km (and this is with iron hull!). Many decisions in its construction were used for the first time. USSR could really get virtually invulnerable nuclear submarine. Brand new boat was supposed to be a single, multi-purpose submarines replacing all projects 671, 705, 945, 971, 949A. Here Alliance fell.
Yet December 21, 1993 Project 885 under serial number 160 laid on the Severodvinsk machine-building enterprise. Boat christened in honor of the town where it was built. Initially, there were no funds, later appeared market laws, requiring a cheap find more suppliers, there were many other problems that seemingly had impartially bury the whole project 885 back in the last century.
But «Severodvinsk» not only survived, it was built, becoming the best in its class. June 15, 2010 the first multi-purpose submarines 4th generation officially launched on. September 12, 2011 for the first time the boat out to sea for sea tests. And December 30, 2013, she transferred to the Navy in trial operation.
The submarine was built 17 years! And surprisingly, not morally outdated. In Russian «Severodvinsk» failed to translate almost all of what was assumed in the Russian project «Ash». On the other hand, the shipbuilders were able to bring those know-how that were unimaginable first 1990s. Despite all the flaws, Boat K-560 went very modern submarines.
Here are just some features from open sources.
Submerged speed — 35 knots, depth — 700 meters (not kilometers, but all the same), endurance — 100 days, the crew — 90 people (32 officers).
10 torpedo tubes 533 mm placed at an angle at the board in the area of cutting and fencing sliding devices. For fencing of 8 are vertical missile silos, each of which is located at 4 missiles. The possibility of combining missile gives elasticity to combat missions — from ground targets to combat submarines and destruction of all types of surface ships supersonic anti-ship missiles and torpedoes. The boat has an active-passive anti-torpedo defense and a powerful air defense complex.
In general, the listed weapons taken from open sources, does not determine the real striking power «Ash.» It is even higher. Using the terminology adopted in the aviation industry, it can be argued that «Severodvinsk» — It is not a submarine of the 4th generation, and 4 + + — almost 5th. We are far ahead of the Yankees, even with all the disruption.
What lies ahead?
Second submarine of this series, «Kazan», which will be based on a more perfect project 885M based on the experience accumulated over the past years, founded the summer of 2009, its fleet is scheduled for transmission in 2015. The third boat, under the title «Novosibirsk» laid in 2013. Until 2020, the Navy needs to get more than 8 submarines project «Ash».
New boats are designed, built and constructed in accordance with their actions in the Arctic. Their hulls are covered with synthetic material of last generation, painted in a dark color. This coating not only reduces the visibility of the submarine acoustic, but makes it virtually invisible to radar and also thermal spectra.
In the near term, our submarines are unlikely to be on the hunt NATO aircraft carriers. Submarine project «Ash» likely will protect the waters of the Arctic Ocean. This complex task, because hydrology in the area of the Arctic is very difficult — there is a mess of ice chips and constantly changing the temperature difference of the water layers, often several meters in width. Often, submarines, reaching 100 meters, «behold the not and do not hear» each other.
The solution was to develop a unique and purely Russian software of sonar systems. «Severodvinsk» — The first submarine in the world, which sees in the Arctic submarine porridge almost everything.