Can I have a sweet child

Children can have a sweet tooth?  Photo from http://creative.gettyimages.com

Most kids — terrible sweet tooth. Sometimes it seems that would be their will — all breakfasts, lunches and dinners would consist solely of cakes, ice cream and chocolates. So how much sugar your child needs, and when you need to limit the amount of sweets?

Sweet tooth lies in the child at the genetic level. The first power in the life of the baby — it's breast milk sweetness which gives milk sugar— Lactose. If bottle-fed with formula milk baby gets lactose and maltose. The introduction of complementary foods expanding the range of sources of carbohydrates — fruit and vegetable juices, mashed potatoes, porridge, which completely cover the needs of the child's body in carbohydrates. As a rule, they do not contain table sugar — sucrose, and the desire of some parents to sweeten a particular dish to your liking, to baby more eaten, is absolutely unacceptable. This behavior of adults can lead to a distortion of taste in a child abandonment of savory dishes and as a consequence — overeating, excess weight gain.

After a year of children are allowed to enter intonutrition a small amount of table sugar and sweets. For children from 1 year to 3 years, the amount of sugar in a day is 40 grams, from 3 to 6 years — '50 Post familiarity with sweets one can with different mousses, which are prepared byberry-fruit basis (fresh and fresh-frozen fruits and vegetables). Then you can eat marshmallows, jelly, candy, as well as different kinds of jam, jam. At the heart of marshmallow and marshmallow is fruit and berry mashed potatoes, whipped with sugar and egg whites. First treating baby marshmallows better to choose a creamy vanilla or later one can offer marshmallows with fruit filling.

Marmalade — a jelly-like confection that results from boiling mixture fruit and berry puree, sugar, molasses (the product of processing starch), pectin. It is better not to offer child chewing marmalade varieties, as they contain a lot of colors, besides, he has a hard consistency, and the baby swallows it, almost without chewing.

From the age of three (Minimum) can offer grown-crumbs and cakes that do not contain oil-based creams, and low-fat varieties of ice cream (not cream). Eating sweets should not have the character to promote child and, of course, they should be given after the main meal or snack.

Until the age of four should not be given to children and caramel candies, since there is a risk choking. As for the chocolate and cocoa, and marshmallows in chocolate, candy in chocolate and so on, until the age of the child is better not to deal with them. Chocolate contains a lot of fat and a burden on the enzymatic system of the stomach and pancreas child. It is not recommended to use it with allergies and small children with altered function of the pancreas. If there are no contraindications, the age of three can give some white and milk chocolate, but with5-6 years — the rest of his species.

Bee delicacy

Separately say about honey. He not only has a high nutritional value (due to the easily digestible sugars — glucose and fructose, it reaches 335 calories kcal/100g), but also medicinal properties. Flower honey has a positive effect on the digestive organs, improving secretion and motility of the stomach and other organs, stimulates appetite and has a laxative effect on thegastrointestinal tract. In addition, honey has antimicrobial properties against a range of bacteria that cause disturbance of the intestinal microflora, increases resistance to some viruses, has anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect in diseases of the respiratory tract.

However, the use of honey in the diet of pre-school children is limited by its high allergenicity. Up to 3 years use of honey as a stand-alone product, it is impractical. It may enter into various baby food products of industrial production (cereals or pastries), but the amount is negligible there. After 3 years, you can enter the honey in children's meals, but occasionally, no more than 1 to 2 teaspoons, adding it to some of the dishes, as a treat. If baby allergies, use natural delicacy possible only after further consultation with the attending physician.

The consequences of the sweet life

Treating a child variety of sweets, it should be remembered that their excessive consumption can lead to several diseases. For example, caries — progressive deterioration of the hard tissues of the tooth to form a cavity defect. Scientists have proved that sucrose has a pronounced ability to cause the disease. Low frequency caries in children is observed in the case where the level of sugar consumption is about 30 g per day, which corresponds approximately to the physiological rate of its consumption.

Another problem is obesity caused by excessive food intake compared with the level of energy consumption, the so-called alimentary obesity (from Lat. Alimentary — food). In this case, the child's body weight by 20% or more higher than the normal values for age. Such children have functional changes in the central nervous system, endocrine glands, reduced immunity, and increased risk of diabetes andcardiovascular diseases. There are psychological consequences of obesity: it often reduces the child's self-esteem, leading to depression.

Naturally, neither parent teaches the child to sweets consciously. Irrational nutrition begins with an attempt to solve the problem of poor appetite. Children, unlike adults, do not have the habit of eating regularly. Their appetite can vary greatly from day to day. This difference may be due to physical activity.

Pediatricians believe that there is no need to persuade the child to eat. There is voluntarily starving children. But we should not succumb to the myth that baby he instinctively choose the right food for him. It is the parents have in early childhood form the love of a child to a proper diet. The kid must inculcate a taste for vegetables, fruits, soups and porridges. And of course, you can not go on about the child, offering him sweets and pastries, if he refuses to eat.

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