Cannon century. Bombs

Weapons century.  Bombs

The most massive bombs second world: Tallboy and Grand Slam

Country: England
Designed: 1942
Weight: 5.4 tons
Explosive weight: 2.4 t
Length: 6.35 m
Diameter: 0.95 m

Barney Wallis did not become famous aircraft designer, his Victory bomber project was rejected by British military. But he became famous as the creator of the most massive ordnance second world war. Knowledge of the laws of aerodynamics allowed him to construct a 1942 aerial bomb Tallboy. Due to the perfect aerodynamic shape bomb was rapidly gaining speed and even overcame the sound barrier in the fall, if it dropped from a height of more than 4 km. She could break 3 m reinforced concrete, dig vgrunt by 35 meters, and after the explosion crater remained Equipped with a diameter of 40 m torpeksom — a massive explosive RDX-based child Wallis showed efficacy when used as highly protected targets (bunkers, tunnels), atakzhe for big ships. So, 2 hits was initially damaged the German battleship "Tirpitz" in a Norwegian fjord to defend and represent a huge threat to the convoys on their way to the Soviet Union. November 12, 1944, received two "Tollboya", the ship turned over. In short, these bombs were real combat weapon, not worthless race for records, and in the years of the war, they are not used so much — 854.

Such a guaranteed success Barney Wallis place in history (after he received a knighthood), and inspired him to create in 1943 the most powerful bombs second world, the design of which almost everything was taken from Tallboy. Grand Slam also been successful, showing stable (due to the rotation of the stabilizers were attached) flying ivysokuyu penetration: before it burst, it can punch up to 7 meters of reinforced concrete. However, for the Grand Slam there was no such purpose as recognizable worldwide battleship, but getting it to secure a five-meter layer of concrete shelters for German submarines made tribute to the memory. Spacing it and not be the least massive bombs aqueducts and dams. Grand Slam fuse can be installed on momentary action (against targets shock) or to slow down (for the destruction of shelters), and in the latter case, the structure of the "evolved" for hundreds of meters away from the explosion at the shock wave from the detonation was recessed comparable feeble, fluctuations Soil moved the foundations. Officially called Grand Slam more than timidly — «Medium Capacity, 22,000 lbs» — «average power 22,000 pounds" (meaning the average weight of the bomb case and its equipment), although the press she received the nickname «Earthquake Bomb» («Bomb -earthquake "). Grand Slam entered service of the Royal Air Force at the end of the war, and for the remaining few months before winning the British pilots took off 42 such bombs. It cost quite expensive, so if the target could not be found, the command bezotstupno recommended that the crew did not kick off Grand Slam over the sea, and sit down with her, even though it was risky. In the Royal Air Force bombs were carriers of the tremendous four-engine "Halifax" and "House of Lancaster." Copies of the "Grand Slam" is made in the USA.

Weapons century.  Bombs

Is the first robot bomb: Fritz-X

Country: Germany
Designed: 1943
Weight: 1,362 tons
Explosive weight: 320 kg, ammatol
Length: 3.32 m
The scope of feathers: 0.84 m

Fritz-X was the first militant managed prototype tools. Its guidance system FuG 203/230 operated at a frequency of about 49 MHz, and after resetting the plane had to endure a course, so the operator can see a target, and the bomb. In the event of up to 350 m and at the rate of 500 m in range flying bombs could be corrected. Nemanevriruyuschy carrier vulnerable to fighters and anti-aircraft fire, but it served as a protection distance: The recommended distance is reset as the height is 5 km away.

The Allies quickly developed equipment interference, the Germans increased the production of bombs, and who knows what would have finished the race, if not the end of the war …

Weapons century.  Bombs

Most first batch of nuclear weapon: Mk-17/24

Country: United States
Start of production: 1954
Weight: 10.1 t
The energy: 10-15 MT
Length: 7.52 m
Diameter: 1.56 m

These thermonuclear bombs (Mk-17 and Mk-24 differed only in the type of plutonium "fuses") — the first, which can be attributed to the category of real instruments: with them bombers B-36 U.S. Air Force flying out on patrol. The design was not very reliable (part of the "fuse" kept by the crew, who set it in front of the bomb dump), but all subordinate to one purpose: to "squeeze" the maximum energy (nodes regulating the power of the explosion, was not). Despite the slowdown in the fall of bombs 20-meter parachute, not very high in the 36-bit time to get away from the affected area. Creation (Mk-17 — 200p., Mk-24 — 105 pcs.) Lasted from July 1954 to November 1955,. Were tested and their "simplified" copy to find out whether the criteria of a nuclear war to use as a substitute for fusion fuel lithium hydrides have not passed the isotopic enrichment. Since October 1956 a bomb Mk-17/24 were transferred to the reserve for replacement by a more sophisticated Mk-36.

Weapons century.  Bombs

The most massive in the history of the instrument: AN-602

Country: USSR
Tested: 1961
Weight: 26.5 t
The energy released 58 megatons
Length: 8.0 m
Diameter: 2.1 m

After the explosion of the bomb on the latest Earth 30 October 1961 shock wave three times circled the globe in Norway was broken a lot of glass. The bomb was not suitable for a combat deployment and did not represent a severe scientific merit, but may assist the superpowers feel deadlock nuclear race.

Weapons century.  Bombs

The most universal bomb: JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)

Country: United States
Start of production: 1997
Range of implementation: 28 km
The radial deviation of the possible 11 m
Package price: $ 30-70 thousand

JDAM — it's not quite a bomb, but a set of navigational equipment and managed plumage, which allows to reincarnate into a managed virtually all everyday bomb. Such
a bomb is induced by signals of GPS, which makes the guidance independent of the weather criterion. For the first time JDAM used in the bombing of Yugoslavia. Since 1997, Boeing has produced more than 2000komplektov JDAM.

The most powerful bomb of World: RAF 1600 lbs

Country: England
Start of production: 1918
Weight: 747 kg
Explosive weight: 410 kg
Length: 2.6 m
The scope of stabilizers: 0.9 m

Designed for the HP-15 bombers (the first time he has been named a "strategic" and could raise up to 3.3 tonnes). Three HP-15 Royal Air Force received in June 1918. Their solitary departures forced the Germans nervous, but what was intended, "a massive raid on the Ruhr" prevented the end of the First World War.

Weapons century.  Bombs

Most first big bomb explosion: BLU-72B/76B

Country: United States
Start of production: 1967
Weight: 1.18 t
Mass of fuel: 0.48 m
The energy of the shock: the equivalent of 9 tons of TNT

First applied in combat (in Vietnam) volume-detonating bombs. Fuel in the BLU 72B — liquefied propane in BLU 76B, apply with the high-speed media — ethylene oxide. Large detonation did not provide a blasting effect, but proved effective to engage manpower.

Weapons century.  Bombs

The most massive nuclear bomb: the B-61

Country: United States
Start of production: 1962
Weight: 300-340 kg
The energy: Tactical — 0,3-170 kt; strategic — 10-340 kt
Length: 3.58 m
Diameter: 0.33 m

In the 11 versions of the most massive bomb — charges switchable power: fission and fusion spotless. "Penetrating" products weighted "depleted" uranium, massive fitted with parachutes and trigger even after hitting the corner of the structure on the transonic speed. In 1962, they produced 3155.

Weapons century.  Bombs

The most powerful non-nuclear bomb Burst: GBU-43 MOAB

Country: United States
Designed: 2002
Weight: 9.5 tons
Explosive weight: 8.4 t
Length: 9.17 m
Diameter: 1.02 m

Took away the BLU-82 crown of "greatest bomb," but, in contrast to the ex-queen, used extensively in clearing the landing sites, while introducing she found. More massive equipment (RDX, TNT, aluminum) and guidance system, it would increase the fighting ability, but the search for a suitable target for such products price causes severe difficulties. The official title of the MOAB (Massive Ordnance Air Blast — languid high-explosive bomb), often informally stands for Mother Of All Bombs, «the mother of all bombs."

Weapons century.  Bombs

Most first cluster munition: SD2 Schmetterling

Country: Germany
Start of production: 1939
Weight: 2 kg
Explosive weight: 225 g
Measurements: 8 x 6 x 4 cm
The radius of destruction of manpower: 25 m

The ancestors of cluster munitions, tested battles in Europe and North Africa. The Luftwaffe used cassettes, containing from 6 to 108 bombs SD2 (Sprengbombe Dickwandig 2 kg), which were equipped with fuses different types of instant and slow action as "surprises" for the bomb squad. By using a dispersion of submunitions resembling butterflies flutter, the bomb has been called Schmetterling («butterfly").

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