Speaking about Russian automatic weapons of the twentieth century, we can not ignore one of the most curious complexes who did not branch research institutes or design bureaus of large arms companies, and professional designer Anatoly F. lone Baryshev. He outlined a new way of creation of light automatic weapons infantry with the introduction of a whole range of a wide variety of ammunition, ranging from maloimpulsnogo automata cartridge 5.45mm and ending with 30-mm grenade launcher shot. This path involves a significant increase in number of guns fighting properties, including the breakdown of the best bullets in the defeat of the enemy, provided with appropriate personal protection equipment.
Designed Baryshev complex (modulus) of small tools with a new locking assembly comprises: Machines AB-5, 45 for submachine gun cartridge 5.45 × 39 mm, and AB-7, 62 submachine gun cartridge at 7.62 x 39 mm; AVB automatic rifle under rifle and machine gun cartridge 7.62 x53 mm; 12.7-mm machine gun mnogokaliberny PBC and 30-mm automatic grenade launcher ARGB staff under VOG-17. On the creation of this instrument engineer began its work in 1962, and in 1969 he received a copyright certificate number 48117 to the latest design of the locking device of the barrel. For several decades, the designer brought his gun to the industrial level, and in the 80 years of his standards were tested initially in the Armed Forces, and then representatives of the KGB and GRU special purpose troops USSR Ministry of Defense. Presentation on weapons Baryshev divided. Military, had regular, reliable and, most importantly, one hundred percent of the waste complex guns Kalashnikov (AK-74 machine gun RPK-74 machine gun and a single PCM), did not need a more sophisticated weapons, as for the production of new models in creation, production, and its desired number of troops needed in the development of huge cash costs and a lot of time. But representatives of special services called for the urgent adoption of guns Baryshev adopted that it was justified on similar The advantage of Russian and zabugornom standards. But soon the subsequent disintegration of our country and concern very different power structures neuvvyazkami and at first its survival, led to the fact that the question of the adoption of a whole complex Baryshev guns or at least some of its components was put under very great fluctuation. But assertive designer continued his work, and in 1993 the Russian Federation Committee on Patents and the Patent Office issued patent number Anatoly F. 2002195 for the invention of «locking mechanism or small artillery weapons.» So makarom again was officially recognized the uniqueness of industrial importance and adaptability locking mechanism Baryshev.
Lack of support at home from the formal structures of forced Anatoly F. find help to continue their own work abroad. Russian weapon designer interested in small Czech arms company LCZ-Group, engaged in the resale of the main instruments abroad. Under the contract LCZ-Group received from Baryshev module, consisting of a 7.62 mm machine 7.62mm automatic rifles, 12.7 mm machine gun mnogokalibernogo and 30-mm automatic grenade launcher, and, in addition, all new 9 mm pistol-50 with 14 rounds magazine. Already the first open demonstration of this tool on the international arms exhibition IDET-95 in Brno has made a real splash in the world. But the Czech company in breach of contract put up for IDET-95 Baryshev gun, trying to pass it off as their own development, while under its own brand (with indices LCZ B-10/B-40), simultaneously withdrawing from advertising the name of the designer rooms and patents. Samples fraudulent arms dealers to implement a patent for this instrument to the West were simultaneously suppressed, and the contract between Baryshev and LCZ-Group terminated. The newest Russian weapon returned to their homeland, which, as it turned out a little later, as before it was not needed. Although used in weapons Baryshev unique system locking the barrel, modular design (due to the general unification of all samples), used in the construction of modern technological solutions not only can find many decades busier main personal development infantry guns, and significantly reduce the costs its creation, facilitating its operation and development of the troops.
Baryshev instrument relates to automation systems which use for delayed blowback. All samples of this instrument are very typical breech made by a single scheme. Their feature is that along with its own main function they provide to the same partial absorption of recoil energy guns as parts shutter — combat larva, bolt carrier, and a locking frame shutter lever — not aggressively are interconnected, because a significant part of the recoil energy during the shot is spent on bringing them in sequential movement that, in turn, due to the collision of moving parts and stretching their actions over time significantly, at least 2.5-3 times reduces the recoil force. Lowering recoil force acting on the shot arrow, allowed not only to increase accuracy in tracking mode continuous bursts of automatic fire, and immediately reduce this 2-3 times the mass of guns also use any type of small gun ammunition, ranging from maloimpulsnogo automaton and ending massive grenade shots. While maintaining the accuracy of fire is allowed to reach not to install such weapons on the complex and languid machines and do the usual and light bipod. The undeniable pluses of the new system can be attributed to failure of the gas engine (gas piston, the gas chamber and exhaust ducts) that significantly simplify and cheapen the design tools and work on improving its performance.
Shooting weapons Baryshev conducted with so called rear sear, ie moving parts before firing automatics are in the rear position, and in an unlocked chamber cartridge is missing. This design is more typical for the submachine guns, machine guns and automatic guns. Brand new design tools has allowed Baryshev, unlike regular samples of Russian small guns in public because of the huge dispersion even when shooting in small bursts at a distance of only 50 meters above the first bullet has the ability to hit the target (and hit the enemy in more than one bullet can be only when shooting at close range), making automatic fire main type of shooting, and the shooter is at a distance of 200-400 m with the highest degree of probability can hit the target. Dispersion when firing bursts of machine Baryshev at least 10 times lower than that of regular guns.
Particularly impressive advantages of the new mechanism appeared in mnogokalibernom CPB machine gun and automatic grenade ARGB that continuous fire when shooting with bipod provide sufficient stability, having essentially the smallest mass than similar established standards — machine-gun mnogokaliberny HCB-12, 7 «cliff» and automatic mounted grenade launchers AGS-17 «Flame». Reducing the mass of design tools mnogokalibernogo Baryshev but everything else possible to reduce the payment to 2-3 people before the 1st arrow and boost its maneuverability, which is very crucial for fighting in the town, field fortifications, in the woods, so is those criteria in complex battlefield where small instrument is a priority. The presence of such weapons in the army at once can have a positive impact on the change in strategy of engagement and enlargement capabilities of small units.
7.62mm machine Baryshev AB-7, 62 with unfolded butt
Baryshev Machines AB-5, 45 and AB-7, 62 are designed to engage manpower and equipment of the enemy at distances up to 600 m They have certain advantages over regular guns Kalashnikov AKM and AK-74 by both mass-dimensional features, also due to the folding butt very successful design and the simplicity of the device. Their return gas tube mounted carrying handle guns. The trigger mechanism allows two modes of fire: single and automatic. Safety lever is immediately and switch type of fire. Breakdown action bullets and shot at point-blank range shooting AB-5, 45/7, 62 and AKM/AK-74 almost similar. At the same time, by firing from automatic AB-7, 62 returns substantially less than even the AK-74 and the barrel when firing bursts does not take up. This allows for a much more accurate fire continuous bursts across huge distances, than the AKM.
7.62mm automatic rifle Baryshev AVB
Automatic Rifle Baryshev AVB created for clear shooting at distances up to 800 m in a remote small targets — manpower and equipment of the enemy shows in sight arrow on kutsee time. According to its mass-dimensional features of this rifle is close to SVD. But, being just only 0.4 pounds heavier than the gun Dragunov AVB is the only system developed under the powerful rifle cartridge obr.1908 of allowing for a range up to 200 m to conduct aimed fire bursts of unbalanced positions, including standing with shoulder, and aimed fire — with butt pressed against his side. As AB automatic rifle AVB has a handle for carrying, a folding butt and can be staffed as easy bipod, replacing the handguard and forearm made of impact resistant plastic. Recoil when firing a rifle Baryshev felt a little more than when shooting from AKM. Because after a certain workout average shooter when shooting small bursts in series of 10 shots measured puts all the bullets in the chest standard target at a distance of 25 m But even so successful rifle has its disadvantages. First — small capacity 10-charger standard store of AGI. In particular, this defect is probably manifested by firing automatic fire. In addition, when the trunk is quite small due to the use of the rifle cartridges AVB massive arr. 1908 during the shooting is not quite successful design muzzle device allows very sonorous sound of a gunshot and a large release of muzzle flash that unmasks hand, especially at night.
12.7-mm machine gun mnogokaliberny Baryshev PBC with shop
Mnogokaliberny gun Baryshev PBC is designed to defeat light armored vehicles or low-flying aircraft and helicopters at ranges up to 600 m on weight and dimensions of the PBC benefits significantly in comparison with heavy machine guns mnogokalibernymi (DShKM, NSV), at the same time significantly, by more than 2 times, giving them a practical rate of fire. PBC gun, as well as other standards Baryshev guns, has a folding stock and bipod, and the bar for the installation of various optical and night sights. Its brand new features include shoplifting supply system 12.7mm ammunition mnogokalibernymi B-32. Shop, machine gun mounted in the PBC top receiver, filled cartridges of previously equipped with cages, this gun Baryshev indicates good practical rate — up to 50 rounds / min. At the same time, the design of this instrument is much simpler and more reliable in operation than belt-fed machine guns in modern mnogokalibernyh.
30 mm automatic grenade launcher Baryshev ARGB
Automatic grenade launcher Baryshev ARGB designed to defeat fragmentation grenades single and multiple enemy targets at ranges up to 1000 meters for conducting indirect fire grenade resettled optical sight with lateral level and protractor mechanism, detachable bipod and a folding butt-opener. Virtually all pluses corresponding to the PBC gun, one hundred percent, and embodied in a manual automatic grenade Baryshev. ARGB to mass-dimensional features significantly ahead of all known systems of automatic grenade launchers. Grenade Launcher also has a shop supply system 30 mm grenade VOG-17, which positively affected the substantial improvement of its maneuverability. ARGB can be used as a very massive gun fire support infantry units. An indispensable instrument similar to a particular infantry fire support, especially in offensive combat, fighting in the complicated criteria: in populated Fri, in the trenches, in the mountains. In a fully opened grenade pluses delayed blowback system Baryshev allowing lead a rather active automatic fire shots from massive unbalanced positions with the progress and standing with your feet at a distance of 400-500 m When shooting ARGB recoil felt no more than when shooting from 40 — mm grenade launcher GP-25 is installed on the machine. When shooting from one stable position (lying down with a bipod) a significant portion of the recoil perfectly integrated in the butt dampens shock, thereby improving accuracy makarom battlefield.
Created by Sergey Monetchikov