Over the past 11 years, every 15 minutes, one of Japanese citizens samoubiystvo.Etot commits suicide rate determined Police Headquarters, meaning that each year more than 30 thousand committed suicide, that is, in the decade of suicide brings a third of a million people. This is a surprisingly high figure, by far the highest among all developed countries it is more than two times higher than in the United States and more than five times the number of deaths in accidents in Japan.
This level of suicides is clear evidence of serious social and psychological problems that require immediate effective response decisions. In the last months of flu often speak as an "epidemic", however, the continuing epidemic of suicide is much longer.
Although last year the total number of suicides decreased by 2.6% compared with 2007, the number of "ekonotsidov", ie suicide for economic reasons has increased dramatically. In 2008, 40% of suicides committed suicide because of the inability to find work, the number of suicides due to job loss as such has increased by 20%, well, depression, and social pressure are chronic causes.
Most often, in Japan suicide committed by men aged "50," presumably they do it with the expectation that their families will receive insurance compensation. This so-called. "Inseki-dzisatsu» («inseki-jisatsu»), ie, the "suicide as a result of acknowledging responsibility for what happened," is popular among businessmen and even school principals who want to compensate for the failures of their own.
Very long suicide in Japanese culture was surrounded by a such a romantic flair, considered honorable way out of a difficult situation, but now this view of such an act clearly requires revision. Suicide may seem a way to correct errors or to pay debts, but in the long term, the direct economic costs, and intangible costs (emotional loss of family and friends) incalculably high.
Among young people, the most common cause of suicide is the inability to find or keep a job. But many of them in their 20-30 years also lost vision and hope for the future. As more and more people are laid off or fired yet, this node financial and psychological problems will be even more confusing.
Since 1991, the number of suicides in age from 30 to 40 years has doubled, while the number of teenagers and 20-year-olds during this period has steadily increased.
In fiscal 2009, the government allocated 15.8 billion yen for projects for the prevention of suicide, but much more needs to be done. The money sent to such "social forces" to prevent suicide as spending more for Social Research, the tightening of control over the websites and the installation of safer barriers at railway stations. Yes, all these efforts are necessary and welcome, but at the same time, support centers for potential suicide bombers, for example, «Inochi no Denwa», will hardly be able to find a number of tools for organizing hotline, which could serve about 27 thousand calls in year.
Suicide prevention can not be a single solution that would suit everyone. Instead, because the reasons for committing suicide is extremely complex, detection, prevention and treatment should be flexible, humane and held for a variety of directions.
The first step, which will have an immediate impact, is facilitating access to help lines, clinics and consultants. It should also be increased the number of psychiatrists and various experts in the field of mental health. In addition, national health insurance should cover depression and other mental illnesses.
Raising awareness should also help: prejudices about depression, mental illness and serious life conflicts must be excluded from the category of those awkward and seen as themes for open discussion. Also taking into account the new realities need to upgrade long-standing cultural stereotypes regarding the withholding of all in their feelings, the same applies to the problems and pressures at work. No coincidence that that the highest rate of suicide has on a group of male workers aged 50 years. Companies can help in reducing stress in the workplace, they should also introduce mental health checks during annual checkups.
For the unemployed the most pressing concern is income, so reducing the stigma of job loss and changing ideas of material success can really help ease the pressure.
The elderly, who are also committing suicide in large numbers, you need to hold more public events and a decrease in the degree of isolation. For young people for the same purpose, a more effective control on the part of parents, teachers and leaders.
Suicide partially preventable, but this requires a concerted effort and a flexible approach. In recent years, countries such as Sweden, Finland and Australia have reduced suicide rates by raising the awareness of citizens, as well as through the creation of a more effective system of clinical practice and training of professionals in the field of first aid. In other words, they are effectively disposed of funding.
The Japanese government's budgetary resources are limited, but suicide remains urgent, but not until the end of the perceived, the problem for the past 11 years. Now is the time to take more effort to prevent deaths.