HE-beam-shell tanks for the XXI century

HE-beam-shell tanks for the XXI centuryAnti-tank gun shells (cumulative and piercing) went through a period of rapid development, and without annoying continue to improve. At the same time, the only type of tank shells, able to fight with the tank hazardous manpower and helicopters — high-explosive projectile braked in its development at the level of the 30-ies of the last century. Now this ammunition is a 125-mm shell with fuse 30F26 B-429E. His poor performance when shooting single target is well known and does not exceed an average of 0.2. The main reason is the mismatch of the density of scattering points falling shells and coordinate law defeats the purpose. Because of the flatness of dispersion ellipse line of traffic at a distance of 2000 m has a 50:1 ratio of huge axes at the same time major fragment mass expansion occurs in a direction perpendicular to the line of motion. To decrease the effectiveness 30F26 lead is also relatively low fill factor (0.14), low fragmentation characteristics of shell chrome steel 45H1 having at crushing significant "sableobrazovanie", as the practical exclusion of the ability of shooting with cap removed, ie with the installation of fuses at the momentary (shrapnel) effect.

Low efficiency of tank shells with impact undermine long since been recognized and abroad. At present, the Western countries are conducted intense searches for promising scheme protivovertoletnogo OF ANTI-tank shell with great depth of the lesion. It is called self-defense shell of the tank, the tank shell survival and even a "counterinsurgency" shell. Surprisingly sounds promising scheme is having a long history of buckshot. On the armament "Abrams" in the United States in 2004 was adopted by the 120-mm projectile canister XM1028. Shell 1100 contains spherical bullets made of an alloy based on tungsten, and at a distance of 500 m ensures destruction of more than 50% of the advancing infantry squad with one stone.

Obtained a number of patents on the tank shrapnel shells.

The big event of recent years was the development of the Israeli company IMI APAM tank cassette shell rupture with the trajectory of fragmentation warheads. APAM projectile in the initial version was developed for the 105-mm tank gun "Merkava", protected by European patent EP 0961098A2 and done serially. The appearance on the market of the projectile was accompanied by a great marketing campaign. The prospectus of the projectile APAM described as "revolutionary", it was stated that it will provide a final decision (ultimate solution) problems of protection of the tank against tank hazardous purposes. In the near future there is information on the development of APAM HM329 shot to the 120-mm smoothbore tank gun.

HE-beam-shell tanks for the XXI century

Actively developed so called kinetic Beam projectiles. In the foreign literature it is denoted as KETF (kinetic energy time fuze — kinetic energy with a time fuse). These shells at the present time are largely performed for small-bore systems (35-mm projectile AHEAD Swiss firm "Oerlikon", 30-mm projectile for the newest automatic gun MK30-2 "Mauser" modern German BMP "Puma"). The introduction of such shells, generally do not contain explosives, for tank guns is very controversial, but is constantly debated issue.

From the analysis of patent literature can come to the conclusion that the more promising tank projectile fragmentation is self-Beam projectile, creating a radial field with debris field housing. The thought of this projectile was launched Bauman. Bauman (then School) in 1972, and the first patent obtained in 1994, Bauman In the coming Bauman has received 35 patents and various design schemes of beam fragmentation ammunition of different classes. The shell and its implementation issues extensively covered in the specialist press. Model of the projectile was featured Defense Minister Marshal Igor Sergeyev on display at the Moscow State Technical University in January 1999 in the foreign literature projectile received the title of "Bauman shell» (Bauman charge). Apart from Bauman patents projectile got 4 more organization.

Designed by one of the companies 125mm tank Beam fragmentation (fragmentation-shrapnel) shell with fuse 30F54 3VM18 (SRI "Search"), was nominally adopted for the T-90S. Shooting had to be done with the introduction of the trajectory of undermining "Aynet." But in the creation of the projectile mass and fuse not yet available. In the course of the following calculations, it turned out that the system is "Aynet" neither accuracy nor speed act does not provide a date.

Work on the shell lasts. Until now, the military is not determined whether the tank HE Beam own concrete-shell effect. If such a claim is filed, then the head of the body must be made solid, and the fuse has to be moved to the bottom of the shell. With all of this unit ready damaging parts (GGE) can be located in the building and outside the body. Is not defined at all the mechanism of the trajectory of fuse — time, non-contact or a command. There is no clarity on the question of the method of entering the temporary installation before the shot: the departure from the bore through the induction of the ring, on a flight with a laser or radio beam.

Great enthusiasm aroused reports on the development in the U.S. fragmentation projectile beam XM1069 Spotter. In the course of combat operations in both Iraq campaigns revealed that the presence of ammunition in the tank "Abrams" 4 types of projectiles (M830A1 protivovertoletno / antipersonnel, M830 cumulative, concrete-M908, M1028 canister) makes severe difficulties for the crew in the management of fire and significantly reduces the rate of (loading in the tank manual).

Universal XM1069 shell must change all four of these shells. The shell is made with whole front section, which provides the present betonoboynymi action. Putting plants in a given time fuze is via a cable in the socket. In projectile implemented rapidly expanding in the near future, the concept of defeat tank hazardous manpower dense beam of small GGE with a mass less than 0.01, the External ogival block this cleavage is way alternating deposition on the surface of the body of molten metal droplets formed under the action of the feed in the melting zone of the electrode laser or electric ray. Clutch solidified droplets among themselves is provided by the interaction of the outer layers of semi-liquid droplets.

Housing vysokooskolochnoy shell is made of steel.

Projectile weight is 16 kg, muzzle velocity of 1,190 m / s muzzle kinetic energy of 11.3 MJ. The missile is equipped with insensitive explosives PAX-3 and bottom electric detonator HM1157. The number of fragments of the axial flow is 13250, speed 740 m / s, the number of fragments body 10750, velocity 1360 m / sec. According to the calculations with one stone incapacitated 50% of the platoon (the number of soldier in the platoon 30).

Along with this caliber HM1096 is also designed Subcaliber with a muzzle velocity of 1496 m / s.

There are reports of the start of production in Germany, anti-personnel tank shells DM11. Assembling a unitary cartridge is
the same as in the HM1069 (bottom fuse, enter commands on a cable sleeve). The cut in the head of the graphics missing, but it can be assumed that the projectile fragmentation is a sheaf.

At the current time, the development of Russian missile is with 2 organizations. Due to problems with financing the work goes slowly and with bolshennymi breaks. Abroad shell not patented. There is a severe fear that HE Beam projectile, which embodies the evaluation of the magazine "Intellectual Property" one of the brightest minds of our time in the field of armaments, may be lost to the Russian Federation as the great object of mental facilities. You can not let that happen.

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