9.03.11.Luna March 19 will come to Earth at the closest distance, starting from 1992. Once a lunar perigee, or, as scientists call it half-jokingly, "superlunie" satellite close to Earth's surface at a distance of 356.5 thousand kilometers. According to some scholars, the event that astrophysics and photographers waited for 19 years, threatens the world natural disasters.
As the newspaper writes Daily Mail, on the eve of the lunar perigee-2011 flooded the Internet alarming predictions of scientists that "superlunie" can cause major changes in the earth climate. This, in turn, will lead to earthquakes and volcanic activity around the world.
The previous phases of closest approach to our planet and its space satellite took place in 1955, 1974, 1992 and 2005. These years meteorologists recorded the extreme weather conditions that led to a number of major natural disasters. Thus, a powerful tsunami that killed thousands of people in Indonesia, came only two weeks before the perigee in January 2005. And while celebrating Christmas in 1974 Cyclone Tracy devastated the Australian city of Darwin.
Moreover, the critical approach of the moon affect the Earth's climate is not only on days when the moon reaches perigee, the closest point to Earth lunar orbit, but in the years that followed. For example, according to the head of the laboratory at the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Nicholas Sidorenkova, heat waves, recorded last summer in the European part of Russia — a manifestation of cyclical fluctuations of the atmosphere. Cyclical temperature anomalies, according to the scientist, fit into a specific sequence of the lunar cycle of tides, as well as the cyclical changes in the distance of the Moon and the Earth — the passage of the satellite through the point of perigee and apogee.
Meanwhile apocalyptic expectations hurry to refute the skeptics. Thus, according to Pete Wheeler of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy, wait until the end of the world it is not. "Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions will of course, but no more than they usually occur on the planet — said Wheeler. — Just the level of the tides will be higher than usual. "
Wheeler, the Australian astronomer David Reneke. The scientific conspiracy buffs will find a way to connect any suitable natural disaster to the desired day and blame "superlunie" in the next cataclysm. "If you make enough effort, you will be able to link any natural disaster to how you want a heavenly body — a comet with a planet to the Sun" — said Reneke, reminding of the recent "parade of planets," from which also waited for disasters throughout the solar systems.
Scientists, skeptics tend to consider the next approximation of the moon to the earth's surface, rather, as a boon to science. After incessant observation satellites allow researchers to better understand the structure of Earth's interior.
So, in January of this year, it became clear that the lunar core, like Earth, has a liquid base. NASA specialists were able to establish it with new techniques, which are used for extracting signals from seismic sensors on the lunar surface crew of the American Apollo space mission in 1971. According to the researchers, in the depths of the moon is covered metal-rich solid sphere of radius 241 km, framed liquid metal loop with a radius of 330 km. This information sheds light on the mysteries of the earth's core, and the evolution of the "lunar dynamo" — the magnetic field, due to which, according to astrophysicists, appeared and formed our moon.
If you are interested, you can check here Solar System Simulator