Impenetrable «Armour»


Despite some deficiencies, Tula ZRPK wish to receive many armies in the world

Ivan Konovalov

October 2012 was a landmark month for anti-aircraft missile and gun complex (ZRPK) 96K6 «Armour-C1» Tula development of «Instrument Design Bureau» (PCU). The first time these complexes were shooting in public, hitting on the teachings of the real cruise missiles launched from strategic bombers Tu-95.

Previously, all of these tests were carried out only ZRPK closed, the results are not made public. In a «breakthrough», so far be called into question, the Russian-Iraqi weapons package delivery contracts included 42 ZRPK «Armour». Coupled with the fact it is this system criticized Russian air defense (AD), which is still finishing last, despite the fact that it has long been available over the limit and the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

Started with applets «Roman»

The story itself is the creation of complex almost all phenomenal. General Directorate of Air Defense Forces ordered arms PCU development ZRPK «Armour-C1» in 1990. Initially complex close action (programm «Roman») was intended to cover the anti-aircraft missile systems, long-range S-300 air defense radar system of the country. Then, received the status of inter-complex was proposed and ground forces to cover the mechanized infantry units on the march, the liquidation of infantry and light armored vehicles. Ordered and naval version. Created complex based on tested and very successful anti-aircraft missile and artillery complex 2K22 «Tunguska».

» Potential ZRPK 96K6 «Armour-C1» big and it’s perfectly possible sense his customers «
First version of the new complex on car chassis («Ural-5323.4») with 2 30-mm anti-aircraft guns and 2A72 guided missiles (SAMs) 9M335 (destruction range — 12 km, height — 8 km) was submitted to the Interagency Commission 1995. 1L36 radar «Roman» (development «Fazotron-NIIP») worked very satisfactorily, the complex could not destroy targets beyond 12 km, was unable to keep the fire in active motion. Further the radical reduction of the military budget, and the Russian army was not up forever applets «Roman».

Emirati magic

The situation was rescued by a unique agreement with the United Arab Emirates, who have decided to buy almost «myunhgauzensky» complex, which is still to be done. If the total price of the May 2000 contract 734 million dollars (50% of the Russian Finance Ministry paid for repayment of the national debt of the Russian Federation to the United Arab Emirates) 50 complexes to advance research and development activities amounted to $ 100 million. So Makar, the development of the complex, received the title of «Armour-C1», conducted by the customer — an unprecedented event for the Russian defense industry.

Photo: Leonid Yakutin
The upgraded system has received new anti-aircraft machine 2A38M, anti-aircraft missiles (SAMs) 57E6-E (controlled flight range — up to 20 km). Because disruption «Phazotron» latest creation term functional fire control radars PCU had to create their own station with the involvement of «Ratep.» Ultimately, delivery time is constantly moving with permission indescribably patient Emirati side.

According to the agreement development work had to end in 2003, and by the end of 2005, all 50 complexes (24 — wheeled chassis 26 — crawler) planned to transfer with 3 lots (12, 24 and 14). But only in the UAE in 2007 received the first machine, the implementation of the agreement was delayed until a day or today. According to official figures, it should be completed by the end of this year. All ZRPK mounted on a wheeled platform German truck MAN. Plus, it delivered 1.5 thousand missiles 9M311.

Other foreign contracts

In 2006, Our homeland and Syria signed an agreement to purchase 36 anti-aircraft missile and gun complexes «Armour-C1» and 850 9M311 missiles cost about 730 million dollars. Deliveries were carried out from 2008 to 2011. In 2006, Algeria signed a contract (cost — 500 million dollars) with Rosoboronexport for the purchase of 38 combat vehicles modified ZRPK «Armour-S1» on wheeled chassis KamAZ-6560 and 900 9M311 missiles. First delivery of combat vehicles Algeria were apparently first made in 2012. The Western press claims that two very little «shell» are armed defense forces of Slovenia. In addition, according to Western sources, re-exported to Iran, Syria 10 complexes «Armour-C1.» Damascus and Tehran this information with enviable persistence refute.

About probable purchase ZRPK «Armour-C1» stated Morocco, Jordan and Oman. In February 2008, during a visit to Moscow, Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia Saud al-Faisal open a discussion large (about four billion dollars) package possible military orders Riyadh. Together with anti-aircraft missile systems (AAMS) long-range S-400 «Triumph» and «Antey-2500» (export deeply modernized version of the S-300V), infantry combat vehicles BMP-3, T-90S tanks, military helicopters Mi-17 , Mi-35 and Mi-26 and considered buying complexes «Armour-C1.» «Triumph», «Antey-2500» and «Armour» collectively would provide the Saudis guaranteed unified system inclusive and non-strategic missile defense. As the creator of the representative of the Russian military-industrial complex, perfectly familiar with the situation, although a huge package of Saudi defense contracts no longer exists due to a number of impartial circumstances, negotiations on its individual sectors still lasts, including on the «shell», and all the same there is some hope that they will end with a positive result.

40 percent of Saudi Arabia’s military imports accounted for South American weapons, and the United States shall make every effort to prevent this rich Russian market instruments. Approximately the same situation with prisoners in October 2012, a huge Iraqi contract (price — 4.2 billion dollars), which included the delivery of 30 attack helicopters Mi-28N «Night Hunter» and 42 ZRPK «Armour-C1» (2.2 billion dollars).

Management of Iraq after signing an agreement preparatory suddenly decided to revise the terms of the deal, citing the need to avoid possible corruption moments in the process of its implementation. Backgrounder precedent, of course, political. Shiite government, trying to pursue an independent policy, including in the sphere of military-technical cooperation (MTC), yet compelled to correlate all its decisions with the views of the U.S., which aggressively forced the Iraqi arms market in Ukraine as a priority partner in military-technical cooperation of the States former Russian Union. But in the 1-x, Ukraine does not produce such sverhtehnologichny air defense systems. In-2-x, trust instruments to global importers Ukrainian defense industry quite frustrating undermined deadlines signed in 2009 a contract to supply to Iraq of 420 BTR-4 totaling 457.5 million dollars, which fund U.S.. Deliveries began in March of 2011, but so far the Iraqi side of the Ukrainians received only 88 machines.

Primary goal

The main feature of the anti-aircraft missile and gun complex «Armour-C1» — the combination of broadband, system acquisition and tracking purposes with established weapons. Area intercept targets at a height of 5 meters — 15 km, 200 meters in range — 20 km. Complex created in a modular and can be mounted on wheeled or tracked chassis on stationary platforms. Digital network in automatic mode can run a battery of 6 complexes.

Fighting module 1st ZRPK (30 tons) consists of 2-blocks with six anti-aircraft guided missiles 57E6-E and 2-paired double-barreled guns 2A38M. Installed phased radar detection, target tracking radar complex and missiles and electro-optical fire control channel. Complex is able to «capture» just four aircraft object — cruise missiles, attack helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles. But in fact, the main objective of «armor» — South American cruise missiles Tomahawk Block 4 Navy USA. Upgraded Tomahawk Block 4 taken into service in 2004 and owned by the possibility of reprogramming while moving toward the goal, it is very difficult to detect. Developed new Tomahawk — Cruise Missile XR weighing 2.2 tons (warhead weighs a ton) and a range of two thousand kilometers. The design is used to develop a «Stealth».

In minute interval «Armour» can «capture» up to 10 targets. Team of the complex — the commander and two operators. Deployment time — 5 minutes. Response time of danger — 5 seconds. Ammunition — 12 anti-aircraft guided missiles and munitions to 1.4 thousand guns (rate — 5 thousand rounds per minute). Detection range — 36 km. Radio command guidance missiles. Approximate price complex «Armour-C1» — 13-15 million dollars (the latter figure for export samples).

At the service of the Fatherland

Russian armed forces have received so far only 10 complexes «Armour-C1.» They are all distributed by air defense missile brigade Aerospace Defense (ASD) to cover the strategic anti-missile complexes defense (AD-PRO) C-400. Currently Russian army has 4 shelves S-400, two of which are stationed in the suburbs, one — the Baltic Fleet, and one — in the Far East (Nakhodka). 5th Regimental set must be passed before the end of the sun in 2012 and deployed in the Southern military environment.

In abbreviated form (and possibly quite normal) at the moment SAM regiment of S-400 dvuhdivizionny actually speaking, consists of 2-S-400. To protect the 1st division for the near approaches need close air defense complex act — «Armour-C1.» So makarom until the army needs in this complex temporarily satisfied. 5 regiments — 10 complexes. But the deployment of S-400 regiments will last, they base defense umbrella-defense of the country. A new approach to the S-500. Manage CPP claims that Russian Air Force ordered 100 of the Russian Federation «shell.»

This year, according to the former First Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Sukhorukov, the troops had to do another 28 ZRPK «Armour-C1.» Officially, these supplies have not been confirmed. As the creator of the said representative of the Russian defense industry, «Armour» estimated military, in its present state does not meet stated in the tactical and technical requirements of the job. But it is a powerful symbol system capable of sustained development. With it, you need to work closely. Especially since it has great potential. And it’s perfectly possible customers feel.

In summer 2011, the PCU design division manager Alexander Zhukov said that in the not to distant future, the Navy will receive a new anti-aircraft missile and artillery system tentatively entitled «Armour-M» (sea). «Armour-M» should come to replace complex «Dirk.» But, according to him, this complex fleet receives no earlier than three years.

There are claims

Representation of the military in general is reflected in the report leaked to Web «Evaluation similarities antiaircraft missile and gun complex» armor-S1 «(his thesis creator confirmed at least three officers, one way or another related to the test applets ZRPK» Armour-C1 «).

In bikalibernoy sustainer stage rocket motor no complex, which leads to increased errors of its guidance on highly maneuvering target with foreign exchange parameter more than 3 km. In general, the tests showed that «Armour-C1» unable to hit targets, soaring at speeds of 400 meters per second, although the tactical and technical properties of the complex provides a speed of 1000 meters per second.

Defeat the purpose of guaranteed only with direct air movement object to the «shell» as when the mouse anti-aircraft guided missiles means «three points», and at half-rectification. So Makar, a target can be hit only «in immaculate conditions.» Any act of the opponent — jamming, maneuvering during the attack, the use of low-flying targets and drones remain unanswered. In addition, target detection range will be severely reduced when exposed to weather criterion — rain and fog.

Ivan Konovalov

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