20.02.12.U village of Upper Talitsa Perm Territory land literally out from under his feet. Here a few days ago suddenly formed a 20-meter failure. According to historians, this is mine, where 200 years ago the miners mined copper. While cavers hope to find in the pit curious artifacts, villagers are worried about their safety. Details at Julia debt.
Children rural fireman Nikolay Kiryanov Dasha and Dima played on a snowy meadow. Suddenly the earth abruptly collapsed and formed a huge hole. Dimensions failure diameter of 3 m in depth — all 20! By happy coincidence the brother and sister were not injured.
Nikolay Kiryanov eyewitness:
— We are now on the car, drove a tractor, hay brought. Nothing, no problems. 2 years ago put poles.
Such greetings from the past forced to turn to local history. At the beginning of XVIII century there was mined copper sandstone, erected numerous smelters. Built and horizontal adits and vertical shafts. Copper was little, dumps a lot. In the village museum preserved rock samples.
Tatiana Fofanova, head Kalinin Museum:
— The content of copper in copper sandstone was so low — it reached 0.5% to 5%. That is a piece of pound of copper sandstones can be smelt only 5 grams of copper.
Village authorities decided to fill a failure, but Permian cavers asked not to hurry. They explored the pit.
For Nikolay Gerasimov depth of 20 m — no depth. And fell by 150. According to his description, the mine consists of three parts: a layer of clay, sand layer and wooden frame. At the bottom of a lot of land. But, most of all, it's not the bottom.
Nikolai Gerasimov, caver:
— Very interesting. The failure of a small, but you need to work, to look, to get the land. And then it will know where it leads.
Cavers offer and wait for the summer to start digging. May show up artifacts that may be of interest to archaeologists. And yet — only one finding.
Julia Dolgov, correspondent:
— From the bottom of a deep mine managed to get samples of the wooden roof supports. They will be sent to the Moscow laboratory for analysis. If the construction of smelters in the area began in 1733, surely — years, they are not enough.
We witness PE Nicholas Kiryanova not good at heart. He says, in the place where the ground collapsed, always stood out rectangular recess. Exactly the same in his garden. Had not paid attention, now terrible.
Nikolay Kiryanov eyewitness:
— The same size. Form — is a square, rectangle.
200 years ago Perm mining district was very large. In the neighborhood — dozens of communities where there is copper, so — just like hundreds of holes covered with planks. After the incident in Upper Talitsy villagers hope that the authorities will describe all of the mine, inflict them on the map and get acquainted with the local citizens to safety.
Julia Dolgov, Michael Ovseychik. Perm.
Source: "TV Center"
15.02.12.V Kungur area in the village of Upper Talitsa (Kalinin rural settlement) revealed an ancient tunnel.
First discovered living near collapse Kiryanov Nicholas, who works as a fireman in the administration of the settlement.
— Snow now little was visible grass, and suddenly it was gone, — explained the head Nikolai settlement. — I decided to find out what it was …
To a place crash left correspondent of "Iskra" Vladislav Odegov.
Tunnel near the bus stop, close to the forest. Now fenced with boards it is a narrow path. Not safe to go up to the edge, looking into the pit. Closer to the bottom I see the remains of wooden structures.
— When we learned of the failure, immediately went to the scene — said the head of the Kalinin settlement Sergey Kulakov. — Inform the public safety center Kungurskiy. Came Commission. Made the act. A decision in the spring tunnel for safety sleep. It takes a lot of ground: for its depth, only the water, 22 meters.
Opened adit recalled that before in these parts existed Southeast Osokinsky copper smelter. Adit once, apparently, mothballed, and now flooring izgnil and collapsed.
— In the past, deposits of copper sandstones in Kungur County perfected both open pit and underground methods, — says head of the department of nature Kungur Museum Lyudmila Long. — Underground work has been done mainly by means of horizontal mining tunnels. Many fields were uncovered through simple horns — small mines without attachment. The very nature of mineralization sandstone predetermined extraction of ore in small mines. Such mines from each plant were many — tens, sometimes hundreds. These mines were laid in places where the sandstone to the surface and go deeper into a few yards. At different depths in the direction of the ore veins were made horizontal moves. Extraction was carried out with Kyle.
Hence, these galleries can be in other parts of the Kalinin land?
— Our family lives in Sulak, — says Elena. — As a child, I remember on our land, 45 acres were two "osypushki." Wanted to know what secret hide these piles of earth. Once excavated one and reached the wood flooring. A further look into the mystery of his father did not allow it. The family remembers that in 1918-1919 in our backyard horses sank into the ground.
— In my memory there was a failure for the first time, — said Sergey Kulakov.
Adit well preserved, and, obviously, is of interest to scientists.
— One of these days I will meet with Perm archaeologists and sure to tell them about the tunnel in the village of Upper Talitsa — said the director of Kungur Museum Sergei Mushkalov.
South Osokinsky copper smelter
South Osokinsky copper smelter was established in July 1732 by Peter and industrialists Gavrila Osokin on land leased from the local Tatars, was put into effect March 29, 1733. At the beginning of XIX century the plant changed owners and became known as the South-Knaufskim (by the name of the new owner — Moscow merchant German Knauf AA). In 1804, an English engineer Joseph Medzher built for the factory needs a steam engine — the second in the Urals. It operated until 1871
In pictures Vladislav Odegova: tunnel left over from the South Osokinskogo smelter, which operated in the area Kungursky