Thirty-six years have passed since that tragic day. And only seven fit between the "Go!" and "Got it. executed …" Only seven years old parent was given to Yuri Gagarin to live in the light of world-wide fame. And he truly stood the test of non-human copper pipes. In the words of Professor Bilotserkivskyi, "this is a special, never and never played a psychological experiment."
March thirtieth, thirty-six years ago in Moscow said goodbye to the man who has become an idol to millions. The sudden death of the national stars of the first magnitude — always a huge shock. Such a shock experienced in the United States after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, experienced similar feelings in England when Princess Diana died. And the tragic death of Gagarin, who became a citizen of the Planet of the time, it remains an open wound in our shared memory.
Immediately after graduation Gagarin, as expected, took additional training ground for the resumption of flights, and on March 13 has risen in the sky. Over the next two weeks, he made 18 flights in the MiG-15UTI, restoring the piloting skills (ups, flying around and in areas of piloting, approach and landing). Moreover, not one, but four sequentially controlling pilots. With him went up into the sky captain, lieutenant colonel and two majors — from flight instructor to the squadron commander. His raid during that time was more than nine hours — quarterly, half-yearly or even the norm for most of the current Russian Air Force pilots.
Final approval for the resumption of solo flight Gagarin had to give himself a regimental commander Vladimir Seregin — Hero of the Soviet Union, a brave and successful ground-attack pilot during the Great Patriotic War. He graduated from the Academy of Zhukovsky 15 years before Gagarin. It is also important that Seregin was the lead test pilot of the MiG-15UTI and flight training of the first set of astronauts headed for nearly five years.
On that tragic day Chkalov's flight regiment began with a delay — waited sits heavy aircraft other aircraft parts, carrying out a special assignment. It made some nervousness in the established mechanism of pre-flight instructions. In particular, because there was no evidence of intelligence weather — he landed when Gagarin already taxied to the start.
Gagarin's plane — Seregina (tail number — 18) broke away from the runway at 10 hours and 19 minutes. Radio communications with the head of flight operations conducted controlled pilot — Gagarin himself. His voice is fixed to the tape command post was calm and clear. Three minutes later, he reported the release to mark the climb and was allowed to rise, as planned, to 4200 meters. Two minutes from the 625-th — the call Gagarin — was reported leaving the upper edge of the lower layer of clouds, and another two — Yuri reported on the entrance to the piloting zone N 20 and requested a "good" job on it. After receiving permission, he disciplined replied, "Understood, will comply." It was 10:00 in 26 minutes …
And all through the four (!) Minutes Gagarin in the same calm voice said at the end of the land jobs in the area and requested permission to turn on the course out of it (320 degrees). Flight director for this request was unexpected. Perform all elements aerobatic zone is usually at least 20 minutes. In previous shifts, Gagarin performed with different instructors are five such flights.
But the voice of Yuri was as calm (it will confirm later and numerous expertise), as in the previous radio message. Therefore, flight director, Lieutenant Colonel in rank did not find out the reason for the discrepancy in the two colonels, Heroes of the Soviet Union, and said, "625 th, allow it." On that Gagarin with the same normal intonation said, "Wilco." It turned out Recently, recorded technically, the words of Yuri.
The training jet fighter MiG-15UTI with dual controls (on aviaslenge — "Spark"), which were pilot-cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin Air Force Colonel Vladimir Seryogin crashed the morning of March 27, 1968. Their remains are found 65 kilometers from the aerodrome of departure Chkalovskiy, in a birch grove, near the village of Novoselovo Vladimir region.
All fairness it must be admitted: and in the place of the crash, and then, when all meticulously assembled taken to the Moscow Institute of various specialties, has done a tremendous job. With a sufficient degree of certainty reconstructed time and other parameters of the collision plane Gagarin — Seregina the ground. To investigate the disaster, as it is known, was established the State Commission. And it formed four trust units (the subcommittee).
In this role, "pest", which caused the collapse of the helicopter can consistently put forward at first sereginskogo other aircraft regiment, then a mysterious fighter from the nearby airfield Ramenskoye, allegedly flown through the area of operations Chkalov airfield. Then the birds, sometimes colliding with the aircraft (it only occurs at altitudes less than a kilometer). Finally, weather balloons. The Sub-Commission devoted a lot of time and effort to these versions, but none of them have not been confirmed.
In the decades that have put forward a more "modern versions of" external causes of the disaster — malicious damage to equipment in preparation for the flight, the tab in the "Spark" explosive device defeat it (on someone's insidious order) from the ground, a meeting with UFOs, the impact of certain power fields and more quasi-scientific field of fiction. All these hypotheses conclusively refuted by the remnants of Gagarin "Sparky," which faithfully kept in suburban Lyubertsy.
Much more reliable information about the causes of the stall into a spin MiG-15UTI and the particular aircraft, tail number 18 can be gleaned from the statistics of accidents in parts, where at that time operated more than a thousand of these "sparok." Admittedly, it was not the ideal plane from the point of view of its stability in flight. In the documents on its testing and subsequent adoption into service, then in numerous acts of investigation of accidents and accidents systematically observed instability on a roll and a predisposition to spontaneous toppling into a tailspin. In particular, when placed under the wings of additional fuel tanks to be getting worse aerodynamics of the aircraft. Such tanks were suspended on "SPARK" Gagarin. The conclusion of such an aircraft from a spin was obtained not all pilots. And to be more precise — many do not get. Suffered a similar illness and other first-generation jet aircraft — both here and abroad. Among them is the analogue of UTI — "Spark" T-33 U.S. Air Force, which is not by chance called "flying a desk": it has claimed many hundreds of lives of their students.
For fifteen years, the most active use of MiG-15 UTI — from 1965 to 1979 inclusive — with this aircraft accident happened 99: 25 accidents and 74 fatalities in the disaster. Only in 1967 — just a year before the tragedy Gagarin — Seregina — noted 11 air accidents, including five disasters. In the 1968-1974-m — 05.06 annually tragic outcomes for the training, "Sparky." In 1975 — nine disasters MiG-15 UTI. This is the question of how we conducted the investigation, which draw lessons and conclusions were drawn …
By Material "Russian Newspaper"