In Tajikistan recorded outbreak of anthrax


14.04.11.Po least 14 people were hospitalized in the Sughd region in the south of Tajikistan with suspected anthrax disease yazvoy.Ob worker told the regional department of sanitary-epidemiological control of the country.

SES employee with the words, the focus of infection was registered in the village "Kayirma" Shakhristan district area. " In late March, a resident of the village in the morning Barno Bakoeva found death four of his cows. A day later, a similar case of animal deaths have been reported in a number of other farms "Kayirmy."

Arrived on the Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance workers found that livestock died of anthrax. In order to prevent an epidemic of the Commission's decision of SES staff and Veterinary Service closed all meat markets in Istaravshan district.

During bypass podvorovogo identified about 17 affected animals, which were quickly filled. The owners and all who contact with infected cattle, were hospitalized. Carcasses of animals were also promptly buried on the outskirts of the village.

Notable in this case was that the buried village of infected cows at the stadium, where local youths playing football. Moreover, next to the burial place of a small water canal flows.

As a guide it should be noted that anthrax — an acute infectious disease. Source of infection: pets (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs). Human infection may occur in the care of sick animals, slaughtering, meat processing, as well as by contact with animal products (hides and skins, leather, fur, wool, hair), colonization and spores of anthrax bacteria.

Infection also may occur in the soil in which the causative agent of anthrax spores persist for many years. Spores enter the skin through microtrauma, with consumption of contaminated food occurs intestinal form. The transfer agent may be aerogenic by (inhalation of contaminated dust, bone meal). In these cases, there are pulmonary and generalized forms of anthrax.

When consuming contaminated meat controversy penetrate the submucosa and regional lymph nodes. Develops intestinal anthrax, in which agents also penetrate into the blood and the disease becomes septicemic form.

The most common form — skin, when infected by contact with the animal. Before the invention of antibiotics, mortality was approximately 20%, with current treatment — about 1%.

But with the pulmonary form (caused by inhalation of spores) mortality rate approaching 100%.

If you eat infected meat, there is a intestinal form — and even modern antibiotics mortality is about 50%.

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