In search of inspiration for the creation of new pharmacologically active substances, scientists often turn to the mushrooms, not without reason, considering their amazing chemical factories. And the mushrooms do not cheat expectations.
German researchers from the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen) of the two types of pepper mushroom (Chalciporus piperatus) have identified new yellow pigments with unusual structures.
So, as a result of careful cleaning procedure, scientists isolated a previously unknown pigment, called sklerotsitrinom (sclerocitrin).
Mature grebes produce an impressive amount of the composition: kilogram of mushrooms can extract 400 mg of bright yellow chemical.
After the identification of the stem at the base sklerotsitrina grebes researchers discovered another unique pigment, which is dubbed cheltsitrinom (chalcitrin).
Now, scientists are studying the synthesis of two new chemicals and their biological activity.