Invincible and legendary U.S. Navy Sixth Fleet hastily left the Mediterranean Sea on the approach to the coast of Syria, the Russian naval group. Actually, the Sixth Fleet and Commander — Vice Adm. Craig Pandolfo have not gone away — they are still in their respective area of responsibility, including all operational reports and financial statements. On the bases of numerous Mediterranean Sixth Fleet life also flows in the usual way — clothes, leaves of absence, perimeter protection, painting fences, stealing wealth, unpaid bills for electricity, gas and fresh water.
Another thing is that from the Mediterranean strangely disappeared ships of the Sixth Fleet!
The fleet is, and ships not — you probably wonder — Is this possible? Yeah, maybe, when it comes to American naval forces. In contrast to the structure of the Russian Navy, where each fleet has a constant list of the ships assigned to it, including its flagship (the Northern Fleet — TARKR "Peter the Great", the Baltic Fleet — Destroyer "Pushy", Black Sea Fleet — GRKR "Moscow", Pacific — RRC "Varyag"), the term "fleet" for the U.S. Navy — no more than the scope of responsibility. It is impossible to give a specific answer to the request, "Show the ships of the Sixth Fleet" — the fleet is changing almost daily. Here's a quantum mechanics!
For example, any carrier strike group, which took the Strait of Gibraltar, is automatically assigned the designation Task Force 60 (Operational Compound 60) and AUG becomes the main striking force of the Sixth Fleet. A carrier battle group commander, respectively, is operatively connected to the post of commander of the 60, and now directly responsible for the situation in the Mediterranean.
Following this logic, everyone went down into the waters of the Mediterranean amphibious assault ship and its escort receive the designation Task Force 61. Now they — the main amphibious forces of the Sixth Fleet.
Any squadron of destroyers in the Mediterranean becomes DESRON SIX ZERO (and simply — "minonosnuyu squadron 60"), will leave the destroyers — "minonosnaya squadron 60" disbanded.
As the Americans can not get lost in this cycle, and you do not accidentally lose your six dozen destroyers, the world's oceans? Imagine this conversation on the sidelines of the Pentagon:
— Where destroyer "John Paul Jones"?
— Last year, he was seen off the coast of Jamaica …
— Damn, he's scheduled to arrive in Norfolk in September. Where has he gone?
A "John Paul Jones" quietly rusting in the harbor of Pearl Harbor, waiting for a new order, which may be to send him to the coast of Greenland.
Avoid this mess is assisted by three things: a specific home port for each ship (standard and mandatory international practice), rather unclear division of the Atlantic and Pacific Command, and, most importantly, regardless of the number of the fleet, the American ships brought into permanent divisions, battle groups and aircraft carrier strike groups.
Refueling at full speed
Any carrier usually for many years at a constant list of ships and their escorts a clear structure with permanent wing squadrons that are sometimes attributed to decades of this aircraft carrier. And nothing else.
For example, an aircraft carrier "Abraham Lincoln" together with the guided-missile cruiser "Cape St. George", the four-Aegis destroyers ("Sterret", "Haslam", "Momsen" and "Shoup"), and several support ships and frigates, form the "aircraft carrier battle group number 9. "
Based on this concept, each of the six American fleets constantly has in its composition (ie — in the area of responsibility) of one or more aircraft carrier battle groups, amphibious groups or divisions of destroyers, of which formed and state of the fleet. The ships come and go, but the number is always neizmennym.I here — seeing on the horizon, the Russian squadron, most of the American ships rushed to leave the Sixth Fleet area of responsibility, leaving the Mediterranean frontier of NATO, sorry, bare behinds. Speaking in Russian — Sixth Fleet ceased to exist, remaining only in the form of paper instructions and deserted piers Mediterranean baz.Istoriya And this is not new — a similar scenario acted brave British sailors who barely getting information out to sea the German battleship "Tirpitz" abandoned to their fate unarmed transports convoy PQ-17 and shamefully fled on 30-node run. It is significant that the British fleet, at least not inferior to the German ships and even had the advantage due to the presence of carrier-based aircraft. The death of the convoy PQ-17 has laid down a shameful stain on the history of the British Navy.
This is what happened this time: a middle-aged missile cruiser, a pair of large anti-submarine ships, four landing craft with a hold full of "black jackets", a small frigate and the ship was laid back in 1966, drove off the coast of Syria, all super-ships "potential enemy "tearing already prepared plans for military intervention. U.S. Navy sailors seriously afraid of Russia — they have long made clear that, when run out of ammunition, our ships will break them overboard, as happened in the Black Sea.
In the long voyage
Let's look for the pleasure of those who opposed the small Russian squadron:
Nuclear aircraft carrier "Dwight D. Eisenhower" — clot combat substance weighing 100 tons, invincible monster that can strike the enemy at a distance of a thousand miles a day and explore the entire surface of the Mediterranean Sea. Two reactors "Westinghouse" unlimited autonomy on fuel. Displacement of a huge ship — more than twice the total tonnage of ships of the Russian gruppirovki.Glavny argument killer machine — 70 … 80 aircraft for various purposes that can pour on the heads of enemies of 1,900 tons of ammunition from the vast cellars super aircraft carrier. The most modern equipment, radar and supercomputers, desalination plant seawater catapult ammunition elevators, arresting gear and samoletopodemniki, heavy book, a unique fire-extinguishing system, a giant warehouse and cold storage, nearly six thousand men of the crew.
December 1, 2012 "Dwight Eisenhower" arrived in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. December 13, 2012 invincible aircraft carrier "Dwight D. Eisenhower" suddenly said goodbye to everyone, and shot out of the Mediterranean Sea, heading to its home base of Norfolk.
According to the official version — the ship for increased discharge of tension in the region. Hmm … why are Americans afraid of "tense situation"? In my opinion, their whole policy is aimed at creating tensions around the world.
After having run away "Eisenhower" looked sad Turkish politicians, who now have their own resolve a situation on the border with Syria.
Amphibious assault helicopter carrier docking "Iwo Jima." A huge barge comparable in tonnage and capabilities with aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov". On board the "Iwo Jima" — thirty aircraft: attack aircraft with vertical takeoff, heavy transport helicopters and tiltrotor, a squadron of attack helicopters. Below the flight deck hidden accommodations, designed for deployment 2,000 Marines. Even lower — deck to transport armored vehicles. And at the waterline — is filled with water docking chamber in which there are three pre-landing craft air cushion.
Two weeks "Iwo Jima" is an overloaded military equipment, it is important Furrow Syrian water, but barely seeing the little Russian BDK, ran away to the West, swaying and puffing for 23-node hodu.Vmeste the aircraft carrier "Eisenhower" Syrian waters left his personal guard — missile cruiser "Hue City" with full cellars "Tomahawk", prepared for the bombardment of Syrian cities. Modern ships, equipped with all-seeing system "Aegis" and 122 launchers to run any types of missiles facing the U.S. Navy. But no modern technology did not save the Americans from the fear of the fierce Russian squadron. And not without reason — a quarter of a century ago, the missile cruiser "Yorktown", similar in design to "Hue City", has returned from the Black Sea cruise to the destroyed flooring deck and fractured sides. Although it would seem — just tried to get closer to Sevastopol … And then — the whole Syria, Russian sailors what good general cut in half ramming attack.
In addition to the guided-missile cruiser, in the retinue of the American super-carrier including three destroyers with guided missiles such as "Arleigh Burke" — "McFaul", "Carney" and "Farragut." All of them, of course, escaped with his flagship. Stunning ships masterpieces of shipbuilding, ready to shoot the enemy five dozen winged "Tomahawk" or combat target in low-Earth orbit. Finally, Aegis destroyers, such as "Burke" — a key element of the U.S. missile defense system. Strong, sturdy and modern destroyers. So what? A lot of work?
A total of maritime approaches to the Syrian Americans concentrated grouping of the 17 most powerful and modern ships: aircraft carrier and the UDC, Aegis-cruisers, destroyers, frigates, supply ships and vessels of complex Sealift Command. A total number of ships of the Sixth Fleet reached 40 units! To date, most of them left the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and the remaining boats lurking in the databases.
One of the military transports Sealift Command (Maritame Sealift Command). It is used for fast delivery all over the world of technology, equipment, and personnel of the Army and Marine Corps
Americans — the most humble and austere people. As part of the Sixth Fleet is constantly … just one ship. Special command ship "Mount Whitney" — just what is the exception that proves the rule. In contrast to all other ships, "Mount Whitney" is rarely leaves the Mediterranean basin and, in fact, is the eternal leader of the U.S. Marine factions in the region.
The idea is good — to ensure effective management and coordination of forces Navy and Marine Corps were asked to build a dedicated command ship, very rich receiving and transmitting equipment, with fully equipped rooms for meetings and briefings, comfortable cabins and admiral posts of command and control. On board there is equipment for receiving a helicopter. Externally "Mount Whitney" is different plane spacious deck that is literally littered with casings antenna devices. In principle, the "Mount Whitney" trudnootlichim from civilian research vessels or ships to communicate with spacecraft. The only thing that gives it a warship — mounted on the bow and stern automatic six-barreled anti-aircraft guns, "Phalanx".
Sixth Fleet command ship
In 2008, "Mount Whitney", forgetting about their flagship feature, first delivered humanitarian aid to Georgia. Along the way, trying to sneak a "friendly visit" in Sevastopol, but was booed and put up with the shame of the Black Sea. This time, to feel that the Russian are determined to defend Syria, the flagship of the Sixth Fleet was locked on the base in Gaeta (Italy) and is not shown in the eyes of our sailors.
Speaking of bases — Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea has a significant number of points of logistics services. Among them — Properties in Italy: in addition to the already mentioned naval base in Gaeta, on the shores of this country is a major naval base in Naples with coastal highly protected command center and advanced point-based La Maddalena (nuclear submarine base on the island. Sardinia). In addition, the Sixth Fleet can use the Italian naval base in La Spezia, Taranto, Brindisi, Augusta (a major fuel supply point). On the coast of Spain is another large object — Rota naval base, used in conjunction with the Spanish Navy. Also, to accommodate the base patrol and anti-submarine aircraft, the U.S. Navy could use the many air bases in European countries (for example, AB Sigonella on about. Sicily).
The contents of all these military facilities is a huge burden on the shoulders of American taxpayers. The commander of the Sixth Fleet composition is trying to cut costs, and sometimes it leads to hilarious results — in September 2009, the naval base Gaeta remained for several days without fresh water: Italian private water companies simply shut off the water for non-payment.
EpilogueWhatever events are not unfolding in the Middle East — the Syrian coast is under the constant supervision of the Russian Navy. This round we won — American ships left the Mediterranean Sea, and without the help of U.S. aircraft carriers, Aegis-UDC and destroyers, NATO has no clear advantage to the sea — the European under-aircraft carriers and frigates, devoid of any serious shock weapons pose no threat to Russian forces of the Black Sea, the Baltic and Pacific fleets. Let's hope that soon the area will approach seamen and our Navy will be able to truly grandiose exercises in the Mediterranean more.Da, Sixth Fleet is cool and strong, but the era of nuclear weapons are guaranteed to "multiply by zero" means all non-nuclear weapon in the global war. And in local conflicts has the advantage, who are more bold and determined. The U.S. Navy has extensive experience conducting combat operations at sea, but the Americans do not like to fight unprepared, they need time to deployment and rigorous training. Our sailors, on the contrary, ready to fight in any conditions — this is our main and only trump card, unexpected tricks and derring-do depreciat
e any "Aegis" and "Tomahawk".