Object 221 (other names — "Alsou" object "Nora" height 495) — once a top-secret underground city, able to withstand a nuclear war, which was built as a replacement for the command shell Fri Soviet Black Sea Fleet. They say that in addition to transferring command of the fleet, the object 221 was intended to cover the same role for VIPs. In short, "if tomorrow the war", that was evacuated to the top of the party and the "cream of society", vacationers in the Crimea.
But elite bunker this place has not become, in 1992, becoming a corpse.
221 object rather not even be called an underground city. After all, its tunnels and inspection gallery cut in the tough mountain.
Selected "Height 495", according to the geological survey, had a whole rock structure, without any fractures and cavities. According to the draft, the height of the rock "roof" over the premises was 180 meters. "The roof was" permeated by two shafts with a diameter of 4.5 meters. Some tourists even take them for false missile.
The underground city had three levels, connected between a longish tunnels and footway on which could drive a car (scheme I show below). Only lead-footway from the 1st of the 2-input-entries in Object 221 had a length of more than 500 meters (though it is an object of higher antinuclear protection class). The total length of tunnels and inspection gallery of more than 10 (!) Km.
It seems non-descript, but such a large-scale construction was carried out almost imperceptibly. Was formed special "underground"Construction battalion, reinforced spices with experience of building concrete pit for ballistic missiles. Nearby, at the foot of the mountain was built Gasfort crushed stone plant, where at night and was taken to take out of the mountain rock. Satellites enemy on his own image had to build just ordinary working people for the benefit of Russian plant for the extraction of gravel and civilian buildings …
2. Object 221 from the air. Outside — nothing special.
3. In almost all sources of this structure is called the hotel or hostel for those who built the facility. But if you carefully look around the building from the inside, there are huge doubts about this assumption. Most likely, this building-blend for satellites opponent. Pay attention to very closely spaced windows. On the reverse side of each of them under the balcony slab, but there is a balcony.
4. To test the hypothesis, climb the stairs to crumble to the "main entrance"
5. Building "inside the dorms." Overlap all had showered, unlike the load-bearing columns and walls. Surprisingly, does not it? As a surprisingly complete lack of flights of stairs and even the stairwells.
6. True, there are some household items ..
7. Concrete remains of almost playing in the wind and bend under your feet, because we're going from here and begin to climb to one of the 2-input Object 221
8. In all, GSB two disguised civilian buildings entrance — east and west. We decide enters through the east and passing through the underground tunnels, exit through the west.
9. Inputs are disguised as ordinary buildings. Actually, painted windows look very much theatrically and funny. But apparently, someone thought that it could bring down the enemy with a brain.
10. If you look at the hornblende from the side, it is clear that this is all just a concrete slab.
11. Entrance in the womb of a stillborn monster
12. On the walls of the warning icons. I go without a helmet, gas mask, UGC and boots. I'm only on my faithful Timberland.
13. The guards at the entrance of the room.
14. This is the beginning of the tunnel, leaving far into the mountain. In terms of an underground facility staff was like a giant bukovku "A". He communicated with the world with 2 divergent Poterna who overlap on the inputs cumbersome anti-nuclear doors with lock chambers.
15. By the early 90-ies Object 221 was virtually completed. Was installed most of the communications are routed pipes and cables. Elevator project is not divined. At 180 meters high command staff had to walk up Fri. Before each of the 2-portals were built multi-ton concrete structure, which been laid inside the electronic cables, ducts, water and sewer pipes.
Currently whole metal object to cut out.
16. East tunnel. In order to accomplish the incredible fortification puzzle was formed a special battalion of mining. To help his men were assigned to units of the trust "Donetskshahtprohodka", who had long experience in building concrete pit for ballistic missiles. Only for the first year have been punched two 182-meter shaft, which went from the bottom of the mountain tunnel breadth of head-seekers.
17. The width and height of the tunnel is quite in order, so that there was a military truck
18. Scheme Object 221.
19. After 500 meters of tunnels starting to branch out, connecting blocks and different rooms.
20. At the far end of the tunnel of the first level is almost zero visibility. The air was almost hanging mist, and almost impossible to remove. We are deep inside the mountain. On the street in this August day was almost 40 degrees Celsius, and in the tunnels — about 7. Because of such differences in temperature there is something like a fog. You will need to try to go here in the winter. Maybe then will take pictures deep inside the object.
21. So that you understand, then pitch darkness. I took this photo on purpose, to make it clear what the hanging mist. It is clearly seen here in a beam of light from the lantern
22. Coming from the west entrance, climb the longish road to the top of the height of 495 — on the roof of the facility.
23. The height of the rock "roof" over the premises of about 180 meters. "Roof" pierce two mines diameter by 4.5 meters. Some tourists take them for false missile. In fact through the mines underground command post was reported to the antenna field. Back out cables, ducts and helical stairs.
24. One of the vent wells.
25. The view from the "roof" Object 221. At the bottom right there is the one crushed stone plant, now also abandoned.
In 1991, Ukraine announced its own nuclear-free status and a secure command post was no longer needed. But the funds for the construction of "Object 221" has already been budgeted for 1991, and so the construction lasted. In 1992, funding was discontinued, and the subject was mothballed.
From 1992 to 1998, tried to find a peaceful use of this bunker. In the "Alsou" want to stay enterprise for bottling mineral water or alcoholic beverages. There were, namely, sound judgments about the prospect of re-profiling "Object 221" in the winery. But, apparently, were offered small kickbacks.
In the middle of local residents strolling legends that among the 90 caves of the object used for a classroom fighters organized criminal group E. Podaneva.
At present, with the object is cut and removed all the metal, and he was slowly dying inside the once solid rock mass ..