Object 292, 152.4 mm caliber

One of the main tasks of the modern military tank is guaranteed defeat not only the existing samples of armor possible enemy, and those who, taking into account the prospect of upgrading may appear in the not to distant future. Increasing capacity of the main armament armored vehicles is one way to solve this puzzle. By the end of the 80-ies of the last century, there were preconditions, allowing to assume that the Soviet Union began to lose position tankostroitelnyh favorite of global powers, because the engineers and designers of the Union of Russian-tank builders, aware of the need to increase the firepower of Russian tanks are mass-produced, intensely different abilities to find their modernization and improvement. In addition to work on the creation of machines with an uninhabited tower in the world were working towards the installation in the habitable tower guns over-capacity.

Object 292, 152.4 mm caliber

Development of a new main battle tank, refer to the "object-292" is a striking example of promotion of design ideas in this direction. "Object-292" was created a group of Russian engineers design bureau of the Leningrad Kirov Plant (at the current time of "Spetsmash"), together with scientists and engineers Institute "TRANSMASH." Overall management of the works made by the designer, NS Popov, deputy was appointed AK Dzyavgo specifically, he would later say that the first on the tank planned to install a 152.4-mm rifled gun. Ballistic characteristics of 152.4-mm guns were better than 125 mm, but its dimensions are not allowed to install it in the "native" tower T-80. From his statement: "We have agreed with the Director of Central Research Institute" Puffin "(specifically in the Central Research Institute were working on the creation of rifled guns) NN Hudkovym on the implementation of the ideas on the development of six-inch rifled cannon-caliber 152.4 mm. We need this thought liked not only because it is one of the main gauges of the land and naval artillery, and, as it should, in the future to the highest degree of unified, and because it gave the opportunity to use the power of the projectile overvalued against tanks, helicopters and infantry. But soon had to adjust that plan — "won" the supporters of smoothbore gun … ". You can add another premise on which it was decided to abandon the rifled cannon in favor of a smooth-bore, was the fact that after the collapse of the USSR, all funding to its creation, was discontinued.

Object 292, 152.4 mm caliber

The first and only instance MBT "Object 292" was built in September 1990. Experienced model was a machine made based on the chassis of the T-80U (chassis, body booking, torsion bar suspension design, personal — everything is left without changes). In fact, it was the T-80 with installed the latest, specially-designed tower that can accommodate 152.4 mm tool. Also from the T-80 "Object 292" features a new design for the fighting compartment. Corresponding feature the latest design was obmyslennoe placement of ammunition, it was located in a special rear recess of the tower, which reduced the risk of detonation of ammunition at a penetration of the frontal armor of the tower. In 1991, a new tank passed tests for Rzhevsky landfill, and, on the conclusion of professionals, the car showed great fighting properties. This showed that the thought installation tank 152.4 mm gun is completely feasible and has the right for the next existence.

All works were carried out under general designer NS Popov. His deputy, twice winner of the State Prize, AK Dzyavgo, said: "We agreed with the Director of Central Research Institute of Nikolai Nikolaevich Hudkovym on the implementation of the ideas on the development of six-inch rifled cannon-caliber 152.4 mm. We need this thought liked not only because it is one of the main gauges of the land and naval artillery, and, as it should, in the future to the highest degree of unified, and because it gave the opportunity to use the power of the projectile overvalued against tanks, helicopters and infantry. But soon had to adjust that plan — "won" the supporters of smoothbore gun. But this is only boosted the pace of work. "

Object 292, 152.4 mm caliber

Creation standard tank, armed with a 125 mm gun, denied the existing perception that the limit for the 140 mm tank gun, after which there are insurmountable obstacles in the form of low vitality and plastic deformation of the barrel. In addition to guns, a tank allegedly planned to install a 7.62-mm machine gun and anti-tank systems. But because of the following events in the Soviet Union and then "Object 292" and has not been brought before adopting and putting into mass creation, remained in one piece. It is hard to say what would be the fate of the forthcoming not quite ordinary tank, if not Russian alliance fell apart and work on the project was brought to a logical end. But it can be argued that much of it acquired during the creation of the developments we'll see in the future swatches of both Russian and zabugornogo tank development. "Object-292", in essence, is a transition in the process of creating a prototype fourth-generation tank.

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