Object 688 Fable

Object 688 "Fable"

In the late 70's — early 80's after an analysis of the introduction of the combat infantry fighting vehicles in Afghanistan, it was clear that the armor protection and firepower serial BMP-1 and BMP-2 are not sufficient to carry out combat tasks assigned to the machine such class. This was the premise that the Minister of Defense Industry of the USSR were invited Russian engineers and designers to make the newest machine, fully meeting the requirements of modern warfare. We can say that history began with the creation of a fundamentally latest car fire support of infantry, known as the "object 688."

Especially for the development of the latest machines at CMH CSC assembled a group of young professionals under the 1st of leading engineers, VA Zinoviev. Due to the fact that work on the project is not the work in the direction of improvement already in service with the Russian Army BMP-1 and BMP-2 main challenge was to develop a layout scheme for future BMP. According to new technical requirements armor protection machine must withstand a direct hit on the front armor of small-caliber shells fired from guns mounted on the western swatches BMP, side armor was supposed to withstand the pounding of a 12.7-mm machine gun with all distances. In this case, from the perspective of the forthcoming modernization of their weapons. A significant increase in the frontal armor compelled the designers quite hard puzzle, because customary for BMP placement of the engine compartment in front of the hulls, but not protected by thick armor plate, balanced by fighting and troop compartments. This layout scheme allows to create machines that are capable of movement on the water, in other words amphibians.

Object 688 "Fable"

One of the prototypes of the future BMP-3 with remote weapon system, dubbed the "Mercedes", in the museum BTVT Kubinka
Object 688 "Fable"

Right-side view on an uninhabited tower experimental benchmark for future BMP-3. Perfectly visible installing a 30 mm automatic grenade launcher AG-17

Option offset crew compartment drastically reduced the combat effectiveness of BMPs (when shooting at the rate of dead zone was very large), making it difficult and landing troops. Because at the suggestion of the head designer of SKB KMZ Blagonravov it was decided to apply a layout scheme that is applied in the design of tanks. But then the stumbling block was the placement of the engine. First was offered the option of AI Engineer Nikonov, with a longitudinal arrangement of the unit at the center of the aft hulls, with the possibility of landing troops through the aisles along both sides. After construction of the timber layout, it became clear that the width of the passages (60 cm) is obviously insufficient for the frisky landing or landing troops, even without full gear. Then he was made a tree layout with a transverse engine layout option proposed by the engineer EM Panfilov, which together with the first layout was presented for comparison and analysis of the mock-up committee, made AA Blagonravov. In the 2nd swatch landing assault was carried out through one pass located on the engine. After getting acquainted with the models of the commission under the control of PI Kirichenko came to the opinion, that the cross-engine more successful. Specifically, PI Kirichenko in the upcoming big efforts, that the "object 688", and then BMP-3, despite the destruction of the economy, the general chaos and incompetence in the management of the country's adjustment period, continued to be produced and supplied to the troops.

Object 688 "Fable"

BMP-3 "classic". Specifically, in such a way "to 688" in September 1987, was adopted in the USSR

By the early 80's was built prototype of the modern car, "standard 602 ", the relevant feature of which was that all the weapons was set in the same block and was placed on the roof of the hulls of the fighting compartment. Armament consisted of a 30-mm automatic gun 2A42, 30-mm automatic grenade launcher "Flame" AH-17 anti-tank launcher "Competition" and paired with a gun 7.62 mm PKT machine gun. Yet this standard due to the lack of firepower was rejected SA Zverev, the then Minister of Defence Industry of the USSR. After a long search, solving the problem to increase the firepower was released after standard BMP, "sample 603", with the more massive armament, consisting of a compound in the same block 100-mm gun and a launcher (converted to BMP tank gun D-10T2S), with the ability to launch anti-tank "Bastion", the 30-mm automatic cannon, 1st 7.62 mm PKT machine gun, coaxial with the gun, and 2-course 7.62 mm PKT machine guns placed on the edges of the front of the chassis. But the 100-mm gun was very weary for the machine, which by demands placed upon it should "be able" to swim. Because the development of the project was to connect one of the most professional engineers, gunsmiths VP Dirt. In a very rather short time it was created brand new 100-mm gun — launcher, the weight of which was only 230 kg, and the angle of the vertical guidance has increased to 60. Them to the latest BMP was created by a perfect 30-mm automatic gun with the increased accuracy of fire, and a new mechanism eject spent cartridges on the "street".

In September 1987, the "object 688" is received on the armament Russian Army under the designation BMP-3 (classic). Armored body of the machine was assembled from rolled armor plates welding process, with accommodation in its embrasures for firing a small personal weapon assault. As the unit was chosen V-shaped 10-cylinder diesel engine UTD-29 capacity of 500 liters. s. The highest speed on the highway was 70 kilometers per hour (with supplies to 600 kilometers), the rate of movement through the water up to 10 kilometers per hour.

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