It is believed that the "Cold War" began March 5, 1946. Specifically, in the present day with the filing of the U.S. President Truman Winston Churchill said in the town of Fulton Vestministrskom Institute (Missouri), his famous speech in which "justified" thesis about the danger of another general war and the "tyranny" of the USSR. At the same time he scared prospective students from the East and the imminent disaster "Iron Curtain", allegedly lowered the Soviets to Europe.
This term he borrowed from Goebbels editorial in the newspaper "Das Reich" (from 25.02.1945 years).
But friction between the allies (now allies of up to Eden and Molotov signed the English union contract will not be considered) began immediately after the signing: on the timing of the opening of the second front and place of its discovery, and then after the Tehran Conference of 1943, under section areas feedback.
The Yalta Conference in 1945 as it ended much to the delight of all storon.Pokidaya Crimea February 14, 1945, Winston Churchill addressed the microphone newsreel:
"We pray that the Russian people had not been subjected to more languid tests, of which he came to that reputation."
But he was let down or memory (the memory of Churchill, cited whole chapters), and can, prayer is not to be reached. Soon these words had been forgotten.
"Yet Japan was defeated. Atomic bomb was not yet born. World was in turmoil. Database connection — common danger, uniting majestic allies — lost once. In my eyes Russian threat has replaced the Nazi enemy."
(W. Churchill, op. Cit. M., 1955. T. 6. S. 538.)
No one had heard about the "cool war", the Allies celebrated victory across Europe sought Nazi war criminals
World celebrated the world.
But here's counselor of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Kennan saw how Muscovites celebrated day victory on May 9, 1945 in front of a South American Embassy, said: "Jubilant … They think that war ended. And the real war has only just begun "
Perhaps the same reasoning and Winston Churchill. Already on May 22 1945 the Prime Minister of England, who gave a few days later after Germany's surrender order to prepare plans to attack Russia "in order to destroy it," the report was provided on pages 29 codenamed "Operation" incredible. "
What is there was more horror of the Russian and Stalin? Or all the same treachery of Great Britain and the Anglo-Saxons?
Argue about this until now, the answer is no. As there is no answer to the questions:
-against whom English instructor in April 45th Division trained not disbanded Germans who had surrendered to them in captivity.
-Why was destroyed with inhuman brutality Dresden in February 1945.
I will not give here the full text of the plan in the UK (It can be found at http://web.archive.org/web/20101116152301/http://www.history.neu.edu/PRO2/) And one of his translations (our side) to the Russian (which can be read here:https://docs.гугл.com/document/pub?id=1Udv-CFbRIU7snxpdvPvzQsD-iKUvJSCsy8POakGHVZM)
It is entirely possible that the Americans about the "unimaginable", apparently did not know (at the time, of course).
In America (and Truman) had their own thoughts on this: they were preparing for the atomic bombing of the Soviet Union, because the atomic bomb was ready.
There are several points of view:
1.Perevod with the British on the Russian is not quite true
Daily Telegraph "That is for the Russians to decide. If they want total war, they are in a position to have it …."
Which translated means: "It's up to Russian. If they wish to complete the war, that they are able to fight it … '"
In the Russian version of the plan, "Unimaginable" can meet the following sentence: "If they (Russia) wish to complete the war, then they will get it."
In practice, both in the celebration of the 24th anniversary of the October Revolution stateliness, a report on the festive meeting of the Metropolitan Council of People's Deputies with the party and public organizations in Moscow November 6, 1941:
"The German invaders want to have a war of extermination with the peoples of the USSR.
That after all, if the Germans want to have a war of extermination, they will get it. "(Loud and prolonged applause.)"
2. Horror Churchill that the Soviet Union will not stop in its own area of responsibility.
"Churchill was afraid that after a day or Victory in Europe on May 8 Russian troops can continue to move to the West and threaten the UK. Churchill believed that the coming of the anti-Russian Union would then be the only plausible solution, and the need to do it before the Americans could be exported forces in the Pacific theater. And he ordered his own headquarters to "think about the unimaginable" and create a project plan. ""
It is well remembered (and often quoted) Stalin's words:
"Departing from us, Comrade Lenin adjured us Strengthen Alliance AND EXTEND Republic. VOW For you, Comrade Lenin, that we have fulfilled WITH HONOUR THIS BEHEST! Vow then, comrades, that we will spare no effort in order to strengthen our reddish Army our Reddish Navy! … He never looked at the Republic of Soviets as an end in itself. He always saw it as a necessary element for the strengthening of the revolutionary movement in the West and the East … "
Were there at that time, the Russian management plans coming to the shores of the Atlantic and the capture of the Isle?
Hardly. Can serve as a proof of the USSR adopted on June 23 1945 , the law of the demobilization of the army and navy, their transfer to alternate states of peace. Demobilization began July 5, 1945 and ended in 1948, Army and Navy have been reduced from 11 million to least 3 million people., Abolished the Municipal Committee of Defense, the General Headquarters of the Supreme Command. The number of military districts in 1945-1946. decreased from 33 to 21. Significantly reduced the number of troops in East Germany, Poland and Romania. In September 1945 Russian troops withdrew from northern Norway, in November of Czechoslovakia in April 1946 from the island of Bornholm (Denmark), in December 1947 — from Bulgaria.
3.Nevypolnenie allies own responsibilities (and the Soviet Union) is the same.
Everyone knows about the "unscheduled visits" our allies territories that were part of the Soviet zone of occupation.
Strategy: frisky coming (No parts of the Russian Army), the collection of process equipment, manufactured goods, drawings, and professional and quick retreat to "the place".
There were some such "assaults" and we (Austria, for example). USSR as well, in violation of agreements "provoked" the allies, namely:
-not withdraw its troops from the territory o
f another country and are not clarified the true, why and when did it happen in general. Either it is not never going to happen?
-increased power on the borders of Iran, looming over him from the north.
-at some point, Russian forces in Iran have just started to stand still, but the Russian armored columns began to move to the borders with Turkey and Iraq, and to Tehran.
3rd Global War was to begin July 1, 1945 surprise attack by the combined forces of the Anglo-Saxons Russian troops …
At that time, the combined forces of Britain and the United States had a significant numerical superiority over the Russian Union of the technique: the presence of 167 aircraft carriers and carrier-based aircraft 7700 (from the Soviet Union did not have them at all), double an advantage submarines ninefold — huge battleships and cruisers up to 19 times more destroyers, and 4 Air Army Strategic Air Command, as part of which were bombers with a range of 7,300 km (radius acts Russian aircraft did not exceed an average of 1,500-2,000 km). "Soyuzniki2 superior to us in the organization of supply, industrial potential had occupied territories, industrial the potential of the U.S. and the UK, but lost in membership and combat effectiveness of the personnel of the CA (it must be admitted that the Soviet fighter of 1945 was virtually unbeatable, provided a sufficient supply of MT).
The downside for the Soviet Union would be the same termination of Lend-Lease and the fact that the dominant superiority of the U.S. and the UK to the sea is not allowed to block the Navy Atlantic (which has not been able to do with Hitler and Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe).
Note, the main allied supply in USSR: Vehicles and high-octane aviation fuel, locomotives, explosives, rubber, copper, magnesium oxide and some ferroalloys. [/ Size]
It was assumed that the third global war will begin July 1, 1945 surprise attack 47 British and American divisions. In battles against the Soviet Union planned to use up to 100 thousand remnants of the Nazis, who were half a million strong to support the British-American group, attacking via northern Germany.
As expected the creators of this plan, in response to Stalin would have carried out the intervention in Turkey, Greece and Norway, would have seized the oil fields in Iran and Iraq, has also taken a subversive operations in France and southern Europe. Coupled with the fact the creators have expressed fear that the Anglo-American invasion, perhaps, would have no more chance of success than Hitler's plan "Barbarossa". In any case, to achieve the results of the Germans in 1942 they did not podrazumevali.No stopped them both.
Did in Moscow on British war plans against the Soviet Union? With a little bit of a big probability, yes.
Russian intelligence in the United Kingdom was one of the most effective.
A prominent expert on the period, the Edinburgh Institute Dr. D. Erickson wrote that Churchill's plan helps to explain the "why Marshal Zhukov suddenly decided in June 1945 to regroup, received an order from Moscow to strengthen the defense and to study in detail the deployment of the troops of the Western allies."
Reddish army suddenly changed its disposition. This is somewhat cooled the hot heads of allies and forced to postpone the attack on the Soviet Union.
Later, the plan had to turn away and just — in July 1945, Churchill was defeated in the election and stepped down as prime minister.
Churchill course of confrontation with the Soviet Union, no doubt, was one of the circumstances of the limited edition of the parliamentary majority in the elections of 1945 and the loss of Churchill as Prime Minister.
According to public opinion polls, in 1945, about 70 per cent of Britons friendly to the USSR.
Realizing the error, Nov. 7, 1945, in yet another anniversary of the October Revolution, Churchill said in the House of Commons speech, and where Stalin gave unbridled praise:
"I personally can not feel nothing but the greatest admiration for this truly majestic man, father of their country, ruling the fate of their country in times of peace and victorious defender of her during the war." Day or two later, that it appeared in the pages of "Truth."
Stalin, vacationing in the Caucasus, reacted immediately:
"I consider it a mistake to publish the speech Churchill's praise of Russia and Stalin — he articulated the following" Letter from the South "," four ", left" on the farm "(Molotov, Malenkov, Beria and Mikoyan).
— All this is necessary to Churchill, to calm his guilty conscience and conceal their aggressive attitude to the Soviet Union. "
Churchill was not a very ordinary man: crafty, calculating, a Pharisee and a schemer, he had an extraordinary gift of confusing their own and others'. And it is impossible to deny that it was his own homeland patriot, a brave and did not fear to take responsibility bolshennuyu in the most difficult time, th united civilization has permitted her to perk up after the defeat of strongest and immediately was respectful to their opponents.
When was the Russian Union has launched a campaign to expose the cult of personality of Stalin and Churchill himself, the campaign is deeply jarred.
Having survived his own military ally on the "Big Three" for twelve years, until his death, he did not agree with the diminution of his role in the victory over fascism.
The remaining unfulfilled plans (some) former allies:
Vorachivayas on the cruiser "Augusta" with the Potsdam Conference in the United States, Truman Eisenhower gives the order: cook plan conducting a nuclear war against the Soviet Union.
United States in the late 40's — early 1950 according to the plans, "Halfmoon", "Fleetwood" and "Double Stars" was planned to apply a series of nuclear attacks on major towns and strategic companies of the USSR.
Thus, during operation "Double Stars" was foreseen to throw off the Soviet Union about 120 atomic bombs.
According to American historians, twice on the table Eisenhower's orders were a preemptive strike against the Soviet Union. According to them the laws of order shall come into force if it was signed by all three of the Chiefs of Staff — navy, air and land. Two signatures were third was missing. And just as the victory over the Soviet Union, according to their calculations, was achieved in this case in the first 30 minutes will be destroyed 65 million population. Chief of Staff of the Army realized that would not provide it.
In 1955, at the initiative of the British Admiralty to begin operation codenamed "Kadzhel" ("Mace").
According to the "Dubina" meant to put England in 1959, a series of nuclear strikes against the Soviet Union area. Appeared in the middle of the priority objectives of the port town of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. Explosions supposed to do with the timer fuse, and themselves deliver bombs "to the objects' using the new tools since then — fiberglass mini-submarines.
newspaper "Respublika", the Council of Ministers of Belarus, № 17 (4440), 29.01.2008
Daily Telegraph (October 1, 1998)
Executive Intelligence Review (October 1998)
"Russian newspaper", № 3854, 2005
magazine "new girl and a new story" (1999, # 3)