Outskirts of Europe

They say that the title comes from the Balkans, 2-word, "ball" means honey and "kan" — the blood. And this interpretation of the name of the south-eastern part of Europe is quite justified, because the conquerors really drawn here, as in honey, and sometimes conflicts arise much blood has been shed since the beginning of the last century to the present day.

In autumn of the year today, specifically on October 8, the population of the earth marked the centenary of day or the beginning of the war against Serbia, Montenegro and Turkey.

Outskirts of Europe

Armed conflict headed for his own original purpose, to dominate over 5 centuries in the Balkans The Ottoman Empire was expelled, but only by the intervention of the Allies concerned. Despite the positive thing, which consists in the liberation of the territories of the hated invaders, it should be noted that particularly since the Balkans have become superpowers for a typical landfill, which they could use to work out your own scripts of "controlled chaos." The purpose of these events is always to establish dominion over the earth, which is masked by different plausible motives and actions. Because of the time shaking the whole civilized world conflicts arising in this relatively small area, it is completely understandable specific powder keg and the most hazardous zone of the European part of the continent. It would seem that people who once became a pawn in the hands of the more powerful and influential political players had to learn the lessons and learn at their own cones, but for a century was no hint of sensible conclusions. And this is in spite of the dire consequences of the events taking place at times.

Launched by the Serbs of the best patriotic motives liberation first Balkan war eventually turned dirty and indecent strife, faced the interests of the Balkan countries. If the inhabitants of Serbia Minor only knew where to lead their heroic zeal to defend the right to own their land. If they only knew war, which was first rightly called the most heroic in Serbian history, shameful to turn into a political conflict, the echoes of which are heard to date. But then, in October, 1912, when a tenth of the inhabitants of Montenegro and Serbia, sluggish from the Ottoman yoke, took hold of the gun, when all segments of the population rose up to defend their rights and interests, they are seized with a sense of pride and belief in what is now, after all, their time has come. Specifically, in this war, selflessly fought for their land by the Serbian soldiers, despite the rewards of troops of its allies, among which are Greece, Romania and Bulgaria, who still managed to regain the honor of his own army, stained shameful to fight in the Serbian king Milan against Bulgaria, and after the defeat in the Slivnitsa.

Successful ending of the war, having won the Balkan Union also concluded by the end of her contract in English but did not cause belief in the stability of the situation. War only intensified the rivalry between the European neighbors because vanquishers proud of Ottoman oppression took a big way for the partition of the conquered territories. Zeal for the liberation of civilization grew into decay and a string of small feuds, named after the term "Balkanization". He still will remember for a long time far beyond Europe about the events affecting the world, when the fraternal Slavic peoples ruthlessly dealt with.

At the end of the first act of confrontation with Serbia and Greece moved part of Macedonia, and Bulgaria managed to temporarily expand its borders directly to the Aegean Sea. Violations of Bulgaria into Macedonia and Thrace, in spite of a larger piece of the pie territorial already inherited it after the partition of the former Turkish possessions, stumbled upon the refusal of Serbia. In addition, the Albanians openly announced their own claims to Skopje and Pristina. This allows you to draw a parallel to the more contemporary events of modern history, and to identify the origins of modern territorial claims Kosovo radicals and attacks by Albanian militants in Macedonia today.

Explosive atmosphere grew and in June 1913, Bulgaria declared war on Serbia and Greece. In Turkey entered the game, wanting to come back for himself, though what nibudt of the lost land, and Romania, has entered into a temporary alliance against Bulgaria. The outcome of the second Balkan war began Bucharest contract in which the territory of Macedonia was divided between Serbia and Greece, which significantly expanded the Serbian border, and Romania was given part of the former country of Bulgaria.

The term "Balkanization" was coined by one of the favorites of the snow-white movement AI Denikin in 1946. Now under the balkanization understand the totality of all the negative processes, accompanied by the collapse of some of the country with the formation of new political actors who continue to quarrel among themselves. The term became fashionable in the 90 years following the collapse of Yugoslavia. The new sovereign countries (Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia, Herzegovina and Slovenia) during the ongoing internal struggle were forthcoming fragmentation (for example, Croatia has lost Srpska Krajina and Kosovo broke away from Serbia).

But the fires of war, which at first glance seemed only showdown disgruntled neighbors broke completely not the case. Any of existence at the time of the big imperialist groups, such as the "Triple Entente" and "Triple Alliance", tried to use the conflict that broke out in the Balkans, in their own interests. A more thorough analysis of the situation that appears indicates that the prerequisite for starting Tipo liberation of the First Balkan War was not that different, as the clash of interests of the Austro-German bloc and the Entente powers. Any of the parties to the "great world" sought by proxy to pleasing yourself redistribution of Europe, drawing in a political agenda just driven and dependent on their governments of the Balkan countries.

Lenin once pointed out that the beginning of the war in the Balkans are no more than "the first link of a chain of ensuing global events" that have occurred not only in Eastern Europe, and in Asia. Any of indirectly involved in the conflict have tried to work out their own scenarios, using the guise of a friendly and humane purposes.

Ingenious puppeteers, among which there was also an imperialist Our homeland, provided that they can be masters of the situation. Nikolai's ministers, for example, believed that the time has come to fulfill the dream of invading the Turkish straits of Bosporus and Dardanelles. If the forces of the Balkan Union will lose the war, they practiced alternative independent action against a weakened Turkey. Such intentions were covered with words of compassion and support of fellow Slavs. In order to prepare the ground for the use of its own strategy Our homeland even warned Britain of his own desire to intervene in the conflict and to mobilize the army, if the situation becomes absolutely critical for Bulgaria.

All of a sudden to the imperialist powers have become the success that has been achieved Balkan allies. Complete defeat of Turkey urged to think about fidelity calculations, and formed before the war, the territorial status quo forever sunk into oblivion. Hooked section of the European powers did not see that their satellites are out of control.

At the time Our homeland as tried to act with caution, masking their true interests of the other party, namely Austria-Hungary and Germany went ahead, cynically and openly, like the actions of NATO in the Balkans these days are. According to their calculations the South Slavs, who have agreed in advance of the upcoming section, won from the Turks during the First War of territories, quarrel, do not come to an agreement. Already in the midst of the second Balkan War German Chancellor immodestly read that for Austria-Hungary will be profitable feud between Bulgaria and Serbia, because it will weaken them. Specifically, on the basis of such judgments, Germany and Austro-Hungarian monarchy at the end of a two-pronged war first started pushing King Ferdinand I of Bulgaria to the resumption of hostilities. Erupted with the latest military conflict by force some policy since dubbed the "chauvinistic madness" of the governments of the Balkan countries. Madness, which, as we can judge a century later, had forever.

Not dead fit their appetites and incite the West Bulgaria was eventually obliged to return with a vengeance won in the first bloody war territorial advantage. Other lands in the middle of the Turks had to give even Adrianople which was the old Bulgarian capital. In principle, also the fact that prior to the second step of the Balkan events ruler of Bulgaria failed to heed the warnings that sounded the part of Russia. But after a shameful defeat in the signing of a humiliating peace treaty, Ferdinand I absolutely trusted the Russian diplomats, by asking them for help.

Notwithstanding the above described territorial interests of, that it can meet only in the case of the right for her final event before the official St. Petersburg task was to prevent the Balkan wars. Russian diplomats were well aware that the conflicts between the South Slavs can only strengthen the position of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which at one time have managed to annex Bosnia and Herzegovina, held by Ottoman Turks. Specifically, these lands that Belgrade has always considered an integral part of Serbian history, have become a stumbling block in the 90s, when Serb generals accused of genocide, presented to them their claims.

In the hope that Serbia will continue to figure out things with Vienna and the Habsburg Our homeland is considered more insecure opponent, if Turkey, Russian diplomats once again missed the mark. Positive findings, they were able to do was just that Panslavism can not be used as a tool for real politics. And from time to time obedience proud fellow Slavs turns to their own detriment, as happened in the 90 years of the last century, when the Russian administration in the person of President Yeltsin, driven by an entirely different interests, tried again to pose as his older brother in relation to Serbia.

Gone in the history of the "throw to Pristina" following the string of unsuccessful negotiations with Serbia and its Western Balkan rivals, played the role of a kind of "Trojan horse", effectively opening the door to NATO occupation troops. Russian paratroopers peacekeepers, who have been so warmly welcomed by the Serbs, they had a "disservice" service, although there seemed to have been driven by the most humane purposes. Specifically, Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, with the support of President Ahtisaari of Finland (by the way, the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize of 2008) then headed for resolution of the Parliament of Serbia and Slobodan Milosevic, the former president of Yugoslavia, to enter the foreign military forces in the area of the country. Making a decision about entering foreign military on the ground once again pulled into a territorial conflict countries tongued gave realize that Serbia can say goodbye to their sovereignty. A perceived as fraternal support cast of Russian peacekeepers began to look cleverly coordinated course of the larger "political sharks" of NATO. In addition, the Serbs believed in their security and fled from Kosovo, which played into the hands of South American troops, giving them an opportunity not to provide humanitarian assistance to the country. Over the next couple of years, thousands of Albanians killed the remaining brothers-Slavs. This development was hard to even imagine being in the turbulent times of the first Balkan war.

Centennial history of the struggle of the Serbian people awakened the world to one of the ordinary truth is comparable small government can put their national interests only in one case — if they agree with the goals and the gaze of the majestic powers. Financial and political dependence on a large and influential states inevitably leads, as pointed out by Stalin, to the inability of the sovereign of the country. A chilling to this day the term "Balkanization" was a warning and a motivation for action not only for its neighbors, and for the whole African continent of the planet, creating the preconditions for the creation of the African Union, to avoid the fate of the Balkan countries and maintain common interests, even to the detriment of the sovereignty a particular country.

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