Rocket hovercraft Simoom

Photo report by Sergei Anashkevicha

Missile hovercraft "Simoom" and "Bora", included in the 41-th brigade of missile boats Russia's Black Sea Fleet, considered one of the most extreme and somewhat unique warships.
It ships skeg type (hovercraft), in fact — a catamaran with two narrow hulls and very large deck. They have unique qualities Shipbuilding — it transformability hydrodynamic platform and multi-variant — 36 uses of propulsion installation.
On one side of the ship — it's a catamaran with a range of speeds up to 20 knots, the other — a high-speed hovercraft with a maximum speed of 55 knots, the ship can not fall into the grip of homing missiles, and move faster than a torpedo fired.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

Thanks to the anti-missile system "Mosquito" from 8 missiles, these ships are optimal assault ship for the ice-covered sea theaters of operations.
Today we visit one of these unusual warships — "Simoom" tail number 616.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti


3. Rocket hovercraft (RKVP the project in 1239) was created as a development of the existing fleets of the Soviet Union, small missile ships of projects in 1234 and 12341. Experience in the use of these ships deployed in the Mediterranean Sea showed that the ships of this dimension and classical formations are limited in the placement of weapons. Catamaran Project 1239 different large deck that can solve this problem, more comfortable conditions of use of the weapon and crew accommodation. In addition, it has a high seaworthiness. When creating RKVP as widely used experience CMDB "Diamond" and shipbuilding industries, acquired during the construction of landing craft air cushion type "Adelia", "Bison", etc.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

4. The first rocket ship on an air cushion of the project was RKVP "Bora", founded in 1984 on the stocks shipyard "Red metalhead" in Zelenodol'sk near Kazan. In sentyarbe 1991 laid the second ship in the series — "Simoom." On the water, it was launched 12.10.1992
NATO-vskaya classification of ships of this type — "BORA CLASS"

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

5. After the construction of "Simoom" was translated by inland waterway to the Black Sea, arriving in November 1992 in Kerch, and in March 1993 — in Sevastopol. Then the ship was sent back to the factory-builder, in October 1993, arriving in Zelenodol'sk. In September 1994, on inland waterways has left the Baltic Sea, and in December 1996 passed the state tests in the Baltic and officially put into operation, the 26.02.2000 He was a member of the 36th Brigade of the Baltic Fleet missile boats. In 2002, this RKVP was transferred from the Baltic to the Black Sea Fleet, entering into the 41-th separate brigade of the Black Sea Fleet missile boats.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

6. The ship consists of two narrow body, covered platform 64 m long and 18 m wide. Ahead is a flexible screen

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

7. As the weapons on the ship uses two quad launchers for anti-ship missile complex "Mosquito" (8 missiles 3M80), anti-aircraft missile system "Osa-M" (20 missiles), one 76-mm gun mounts AK-176, two 30-mm gun mount AK-630

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

8. Gun mounts AK-176 caliber 76.2 mm mounted on the tank (the nose) the ship is a powerful and easy at the same time universal automatic gun systems for weapons of small ships and boats. Its main purpose — the fight against low-flying cruise missiles, such as "Harpoon" and "Tomahawk".

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

9. The sides of the "sandstorm" has two quad-setting anti-ship missile complex "Mosquito".
This complex is used cruise missiles 3M-80, which are designed to destroy surface ships and transports from the ship battle groups, amphibious compounds convoys and single ships. 4-ton missile has a length of almost 10 meters and range up to 90 km.
After launch the missile makes a "hill" and then march down to the altitude of about 20 meters, at the approach to the goal of a reduction up to 7 meters (above the crest of the waves). The missile can perform intensive evasive maneuver with overloads in excess of 10. Due to the enormous kinetic energy and its polubroneboynoy warhead "Mosquito" pierces the hull of any ship and exploded inside.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

10. Artillery 6-barrel 30mm gun mounts AK-630 mm is a means of self-defense and the ship can be used to destroy air targets at slant range up to 4000 meters and light surface forces of the enemy at ranges up to 5000 m
This artillery system has a very high rate (up to 5000 rounds per minute) and a range projectile — to 8 km.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

11. "Simoom" is equipped with two 82-mm shipboard decoy PC-16. They are intended for the production of radar and optical-electronic distractions decoys to counter radar-guided weapons and e
lectro-optical guidance systems.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

12. Mine anti-aircraft missile system "Osa-MA". The system is designed to protect against air targets, as well as for firing at surface targets.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

13. Two gas turbine plant with a capacity of 36 thousand horsepower each course provide hovercraft.
It is said that having two separate propulsion propulsion installation and full stroke that can work separately and together, the ship can move in three main modes (catamaran, hovercraft-1 and -2), which provides almost one hundred percent guarantee of stroke in any situation.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

14. If necessary, turn on the air cushion in the stern of the ship sink two speakers mounted with screw-tandems.
Ship engines can reach speeds up to 55 knots, even when the wave height of 2 m, and at 5 points (wave 3,5 m) — more than 40 knots

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

15. The radar system

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

16.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

17. View of the stern of the ship missile with raised helical columns and mine SAM "Osa-MA"

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

18. Navigation bridge. Hence it is control of the ship during the campaign

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

19. Periscope

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

20. A look at the opposite shore. Bungalows Appolonovke

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

21.Mashinny Telegraph

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

22. We go down to the depths of "sandstorm". Here, narrow corridors and cable harness

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

23. "Post Office" of the ship.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

24. Kubrick, home to naval command

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

25. Reservoir for drinking water in residential cockpit

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

26. Dining room team. Preparations for the dinner

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

27. Engine room

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

28. Overall ship propulsion consists of two gas turbines M10-1 to 36,000 hp (Screw-on tandem, are lowered into columns) …

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

29. … Two diesel engines M-511A to 20000 ps (2 screws) …

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

30. … and two diesel engines M-504 6600 hp (On the blowers)

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Ana
shkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

31. Total power output is more than 120 thousand hp

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

32. Automatic fire extinguishing system the deck during the shooting of cruise missiles

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

33. Life-threatening ….

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

34. The endless maze of valves and supply pipes

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

35. Wedges for emergency repairs in the case of a ship leaks during the fight

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

36. Fasting energy and vitality. Hence manages the ship's propulsion system, regulated speed, etc.

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

37. This also displays all the cameras installed on board

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

38. Rocket hovercraft "Simoom" on parade during the celebration of the Navy in 2012

  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti
  • RKVP BSF Simoom @ Sergey Anashkevich / RIA Novosti

This report was prepared with the assistance of the Russian Black Sea Fleet Command

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