The cave Kozarnika in northwestern Bulgaria French scientists have discovered an ancient animal bone engraved with symbols on it. This finding may be the most ancient material evidence of the ability of our ancestors to the artistic generalization.
The discovery made by anthropologists from the Institute of Prehistory and Quaternary Geology at the University of Bordeaux. A piece of bone, which is owned by an unknown animals of the ruminant mammals suffered a series of parallel scratches. Scientists believe that this shows the first signs of symbolic thinking among our ancestors, as no other process, such as cutting of carcasses could not leave such traces.
Bone age is defined in the 1.2 — 1.4 million years. Experts find it difficult to determine exactly what kind of early hominids left these signs, but it is believed that the most likely candidate is Homo erectus or Homo Erectus, better known as Pithecanthropus.
However, most scientists skeptical of the findings of the French anthropologists. It is believed that symbolic thinking emerged in humans in a much later period with the emergence of modern humans Homo Sapiens, which happened about 50 million years ago.
However, some experts believe that a person's ability to create works of art has come a long evolution, and did not appear suddenly as a result of genetic mutation. And if the opening of the French anthropologists confirmed, the scientific world will have to reconsider the concept of the aesthetic development of the individual in the historical aspect. It is reported Lenta.Ru.
See also: What is plastination?, History of Antarctica.