Yaroslavl region comparable in size with medium-sized European country like Belgium or the Netherlands. Its territory is taiga and deciduous forests, glacial lakes and vast peat bog. It is therefore not surprising that the researchers of nature almost every year are faced with unique flora and fauna.
One minor at first glance, the event took place exactly six years ago, in April 1998. Group barbecue lovers who went "on the green", came across a strange creature. It was like a lizard or a newt. Still, even the untutored eye found notable differences. As the experts in the group did not have the find took the city. So mysterious amphibian was on the bench famous zoologist, an expert on rare animals and co-author of the "Red Book of the Yaroslavl region."
"It was a typical fiery salamander, an extremely rare animal. Worked with him all the medieval alchemists and adepts of black magic. It is their experience and resulted in the total destruction of the fiery salamanders in Western Europe. In Russia to alchemy and sorcery stricter attitude, office Malyuta Skuratova not napped that allowed this very rare species survive to the present day, "- said Dmitry Vlasov zoologist.
Unfortunately, the long-term evolution, which has taught the legendary amphibian survive the fire of fires, not helped him rise to the desk of the scientist. The only instance of a fiery salamanders found in the forests of Russia, and has remained the laboratory preparation.
Another finding was made on the part of the Yaroslavl Darwin Reserve in April 2002. During the spring floods, scientists examined the bay, which juts far into the reserve. By the way, this bay was formed on the site of a meteorite, which makes it quite unique ecosystem, if not — abnormal. In the approach to one of the islands of scholarly attention has been drawn to an alarming flight of eagles. So these huge scare birds could only very large animal. For example, a bear. But no trace was found clumsy. But many have found places and mysterious meals. Finally, a piece of the characteristic reddish hair. Doubts have no choice — it's the Yeti. Or, as it is called in different places, big foot, sasquatch or Albast. In general, the snowman.
"To cut could clearly see that the hair is hollow inside like a polar bear and reindeer. Such wool retains more heat and allows the yeti survive in the harsh winter taiga", — said Maxim Klepikov zoologist.
The second time fuzzy yeti footprint was discovered last year in the north of the area around the river Sot-North. And, next to the tracks bear. "On the trail it was clear that the creature fled. And not fled from the bear and the bear. So, we can say a bear out of luck," — said Dmitry Vlasov.
Another is a mysterious place Plescheevo lake. It is home to a unique Pereslavl whitefish, with the rest of the time, when the pond was in constant contact with the Arctic Ocean. Scientists have long assumed that in the depths of the lake can be preserved and the other residents of the northern seas. And one of these days the assumptions were confirmed: the analysis of deep-sea samples were found larvae of the Arctic octopus. And, these babies are actively breeding. "This phenomenon is called neoton. It occurs in some worms, arthropods and amphibians. Reproduction on larval stages can be beneficial to the species, as it allows you to survive in unusual conditions," — said Maxim Klepikov.
Yaroslavl nature conceals still many mysteries. Just yesterday, it was found in the first egg of the ancient bird — arhiopteriksa. April 1, it will be put in the Yaroslavl Museum-Preserve. Yaroslavl scientists are planning new expeditions. Reports on them, the old scientific tradition, will be published the first of April every year.