Secret and experimental aircraft past and future

13.04.2013


Experimental apparatus Falcon Hypersonic 2. It is neither more nor less — the fastest aircraft ever built by the U.S. military. Falcon 2 — this is an experimental remote-controlled rocket glider, designed to move at a speed of Mach 22. His idea is to build a ship that can reach any point of the planet and bring back payloads for one hour, and to achieve this goal DARPA has developed this rugged, lightweight glider. To date, tests are not as we would like, but the program is still in the development stage.


X-51 Waverider. X-51 Waverider, Boeing created in collaboration with Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, has been designed to overcome the speed of Mach 6 — far exceeding the capabilities of any currently existing aircraft. He runs into the atmosphere from the B-52, and then uses its own motor fuel hydrocarbons to speed to hypersonic speeds. Waverider final test will take place later this year.


RQ-3 Darkstar. Today, military drones on hearing absolutely everyone, but the concept of unmanned combat aircraft is not new. Lockheed-Martin was a pioneer of the industry in the 1990s with his project, code-named «DarkStar». It was a top-secret mission to build an unmanned reconnaissance drone with stealth capabilities, and although the project was canceled in 1998, it is rumored that he was returned for "black operations" and was used in 2003 during the invasion of Iraq.


Sukhoi SU-47. One of the best combat aircraft is the Russian Sukhoi SU-47 — an experimental supersonic aircraft with forward-swept wing. The unique aerodynamics of the fuselage gives the SU-47 unparalleled maneuverability at speeds exceeding Mach 1. Although the fighter never done in mass production, Dry attempted to sell it on the open arms market.


Northrop XB-35. Art of aerodynamics is continually evolving, and to the extent that, as scientists learn more about the interaction of the new aircraft with the air flow and other factors, they improve the shape of their aircraft. One of the most important innovations in the design of aircraft appeared in the late forties to the development of the concept of "flying wing". With a little resistance, these vessels are more fuel-efficient. USAF Northrop consecutive concern for the development of the bomber on the basis of this concept, and the result was a stunning imagination XB-35, which made a lot of test flights before it screws began to fail, undermining the development of the project.


Boeing X-37B. When we have exhausted all possibilities for war on Earth, the conflict will inevitably move into space. This obvious conclusion is the development Boeing X-37B — a joint project of NASA and the Department of Defense. After launching into space using a disposable rocket booster, X-37B is separated and can spend a month at the Earth's orbit to its landing. All missions with X-37B are confidential, so no one knows exactly what he is doing there so long.


Vought V-173. Dubbed the "flying pancake», Vought V-173 was one of the most unusual experimental aircraft of the Second World War. With its circular design and the two giant propellers, it was designed to fly at speeds much lower than existed on that day. V-173 had a tremendous maneuverability and was incredibly strong — after one test flight, he rolled over, and actually landed upside down, but did not suffer with any major damage. It was an extremely remarkable concept design but, unfortunately, he did not have enough practical applications, and the project was forgotten.


Tupolev TU-95LAL.
The splitting of the atom has opened up new horizons in the art of war, but the possibility of nuclear technology goes far beyond the destructive power of nuclear bombs. We all know that nuclear energy has revolutionized the submarines, but the Soviet Union attempted to apply it to the aircraft. In 1961 the company launched Tupolev TU-95LAL — bomber, modified for a small nuclear reactor as a fuel source. After forty flight test program was suspended due to multiple security reasons.


Ryan X-13 Vertijet.
The vertical takeoff and landing aircraft manufacturers excited the minds throughout the 20th century. The fact that traditional aircraft require a long running start and runways, seriously reduces their effectiveness on the battlefield. One of the most clever and unique attempt to solve this problem was made in 1953, when the Navy hired a U.S. «Ryan Aeronautical» to create an aircraft that could take off vertically, transition to horizontal flight, and then a vertical landing. Only two X-13 were built before the project was shelved.


Air cycles De Lackner HZ-1.
Exploration is one of the main tasks of air support, but the use of the whole aircraft for reconnaissance looks unsustainable use of resources. Or at least that's what the creators thought De Lackner HZ-1 — single flying platform, driven by the slopes in different directions. The Army purchased several items for testing, but as it turned out, manage more complex than originally thought. Plus, located underneath the rotors had a tendency to lift the stones and dirt from the surface directly in the face of the pilot, if the flight is conducted at too low an altitude.

 

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