Smear on the flora of the vagina

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Smear on the flora (general smear, smear from the vagina, bacterioscopy) — laboratory microscopy, which characterizes the microflora in the urethra, cervix, vagina.

That shows a smear on the flora?

Swab is applied to the glass and stained with special dyes that allow the microscope to distinguish more clearly the bacteria. Assess the following indicators:

  • white blood cell count;
  • the number of red blood cells;
  • The flora;
  • the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, fungi;
  • the presence of lactobacilli.

What are the indications for taking a smear on the flora?

  • complaints of abdominal pain, discomfort in the genital area, itching, unusual discharge from the vagina;
  • checkup by a gynecologist, about 1 every 3-6 months;
  • planning to become pregnant;
  • pregnancy;
  • long-term treatment with antibiotics, hormones, cytotoxic drugs;
  • change of sexual partner.

How to prepare for the study?

Before the visit to the gynecologist for delivery of analyzes should:

  • abstain for 1-2 days of sexual intercourse.
  • not to use vaginal preparations (creams, suppositories), and do not douche for 2 days.
  • before delivery Smear the flora is recommended not to urinate for 2 -3 hours.

It is advisable to take a smear on the flora after month, for 4-5 day cycle.

How is the swab on the flora?

Collection of material for a smear on the flora is gynecologist disposable blades of the three points of the urethra, cervix and vagina. The procedure is painless swab.

How many days to prepare a smear on the flora?

1 business day.

How is the result of a smear on the flora?

In a normal smear rod-defined flora and isolated leucocytes.

Coccal flora, a large number of leukocytes (inflammatory cells), erythrocytes present in the smear with inflammation. Detection of Trichomonas suggests trichomoniasis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae — gonorrhea. Very often in the smears on the flora found strands of mycelium fungus — candidiasis, or "thrush".

Why a crop on the flora?

Sowing the flora to determine the species of bacteria and the number and to determine the sensitivity to antibiotics.

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